Original Hybrid Batteries Still Charged Up 15 Years Later

Bozi Tatarevic
by Bozi Tatarevic
original hybrid batteries still charged up 15 years later

Many industry reporters and enthusiasts attached stigma to early mass market hybrids because of the unknown reliability of their batteries. Potential owners worried that a failed battery would stick them with an expensive, out-of-warranty repair bill.

The first generation of hybrid vehicles hit the streets right around the turn of the century, right at the same time the domestic market was in love with SUVs. Anecdotes abounded about how dangerous and expensive hybrids would be to fix and maintain. Now that they’ve been on the road for over a decade, data shows — for the most part — there was no reason to fear these electrified fuel sippers.

The Toyota Prius and Honda Civic Hybrid were some of the first hybrids to hit the road and many are still running on their original batteries today. Those battery packs are made up of many individual Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery cells. As Alex Dykes explains here, NiMH battery chemistry is not extremely power dense, but it’s fairly stable. These cells are most likely to lose battery life if they are fully charged or discharged, so manufacturers came up with safeguards that force the batteries to only use 60 to 70 percent of their rated capacity. These safeguards have helped keep many of these batteries in usable condition for hundreds of thousands of miles.

Even with the safeguards in place, there are some that fail or lose capacity. Many of these systems have passive cooling, which relies on the air in the cabin to cool the battery pack. If the batteries are exposed to heat often, the cells may degrade resulting in a decrease of usable charge. Leaving these batteries sitting unused for longer periods of time can also be detrimental, as some can fully discharge and become unrecoverable from that state. Most manufacturers recommend running the cars at least every couple of months to maintain battery health.

Initial reports from automakers stated that most of these batteries were surviving well past the warranty period. Honda initially reported that battery failure rates outside of the warranty period were around 0.002 percent for all of its cars. Toyota stated that about 1 percent of first generation Prius batteries failed out of warranty. That failure rate dropped to around 0.003 percent for second-generation hybrids. Consumer Reports conducted owner surveys that counted all battery replacements and found that first and second year Prius models had around a 5-percent replacement rate, which dropped closer to 0.1 percent during the end of the run for the second-generation Prius.

Honda models did not fare as well in the survey with 21 percent of first year Civic Hybrids requiring a battery replacement at some point. The replacement rate dropped into the single digits by 2008, but quickly spiked to over 30 percent for 2009 and 2010 models. The main issue at play with Honda IMA batteries was the original programming did not work well in stop-and-go situations. Taking the car for short trips while the battery was low on charge would not allow it to ever fully charge up, which would shorten its usable state of charge and cause it to fail.

In response, Honda rolled out software updates that changed the logic for battery charging and reduced the amount of time that the battery would be in use when low on charge so that it would be able to get back to healthy state. It also issued warranty extensions, which can cover some vehicles for up to 11 years or 162,000 miles, to extend coverage of the IMA battery. Most of these models are still under the standard 8-year/100,000 warranty, so owners do not incur any costs for a battery replacement. My experience with a 2003 Civic Hybrid echoed some of these issues. I purchased the car after it had sat for some time and it showed various battery errors and an unequal state of charge. Luckily, I was able to build a grid charger and bring it back to life.

General Motors ran into issues with some of its earlier hybrid vehicle batteries.

In 2008, it first recalled about 9,000 battery packs for internal leaks that could disable the battery packs for some of its Chevy and Saturn models. This was followed by another recall in 2010 that saw GM replacing all battery packs for 2007 to 2010 hybrid vehicles due to risks of cracking that could cause external leaks. There has not been any word of widespread issues with the replacement packs and my personal experience with the Saturn Vue Hybrid has shown the replacement battery remains reliable, showing a factory state of charge on my basic OBDII tool as it approaches 100,000 miles.

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  • Carlisimo Carlisimo on Jul 18, 2016

    It’s a funny little dilemma: letting Toyota make the first high-volume hybrid meant that we’d all associate hybrids with being terrible to drive – mostly because it was a Toyota. But it also meant that the first successful hybrid would be reliable and practical. Was that a good tradeoff for hybrids? Probably, but it made them more divisive than they ever needed to be.

    • Brandloyalty Brandloyalty on Jul 18, 2016

      I've test driven about 5 Prius' and while obviously they're not sports cars, there's nothing in particular wrong with how they perform. "Appliance car" snobbery is another form of arrogance this site would benefit from being free from.

  • Mopar4wd Mopar4wd on Jul 18, 2016

    I have been looking at hybrids lately as early versions are falling to cheap car prices 3000$. The Toyotas have few problems the Hondas as mentioned much more. I haven't looked at GM yet as I haven't seen one come for sale locally. I really like the escape hybrid and the battery seems well done but I keep reading reports of 4000$ brake module failure combined with past Ford experiences I just can't pull the trigger.

    • Brandloyalty Brandloyalty on Jul 19, 2016

      The hybrid systems on my Escape Hybrid have been reliable, but non-hybrid components have failed at a disappointing rate that would point to a cheap build. I may have a bad one, since truedelta average reliability ratings for the Escape are better than what I'm experiencing. While unhappy with the build quality, and having scorned Escapes before I bought one (the only smallish hybrid awd suv available at the time), I've come to appreciate the design. The mileage is just plain excellent. I frequent a couple of Escape Hybrid forums, and don't recall seeing the brake module failure you mentioned. Where is this being reported? If you want a $3000 Escape Hybrid, you're looking at an early year of their 2005-2012 model run. Expect to deal with some standard issues and join the FEH forums for guidance on those issues. Early Prius' should be extremely reliable. Personally I wouldn't touch an aging GM hybrid. They don't have full hybrid systems anyway, unlike the Prius and Escape that have full hybrid systems.

  • SCE to AUX Probably couldn't afford it - happens all the time.
  • MaintenanceCosts An ugly-a$s Challenger with poor equipment choices and an ugly Dealership Default color combination, not even a manual to redeem it, still no sale.
  • Cha65689852 To drive a car, you need human intelligence, not artificial intelligence.Unfortunately, these days even human brains are turning into mush thanks to addiction to smartphones and social media.
  • Mike1041 A nasty uncomfortable little car. Test drove in 2019 in a search for a single car that would appease two drivers. The compromise was not much better but at least it had decent rear vision and cargo capacity. The 2019 Honda HRV simply was too unforgiving and we ditched after 4 years. Enter the 23 HRV and we have a comfy size.
  • SCE to AUX I wonder who really cares about this. "Slave labor" is a useful term for the agendas of both right and left."UAW Wants Auto Industry to Stop Using Slave Labor"... but what will the UAW actually do if nothing changes?With unrelenting downward pressure on costs in every industry - coupled with labor shortages - expect to see more of this.Perhaps it's my fault when I choose the $259 cell phone over the $299 model, or the cheaper parts at RockAuto, or the lower-priced jacket at the store.Do I care about an ethical supply chain? Not really, I just want the product to work - and that's how most consumers are. We'd rather not know.Perhaps the 1990s notion of conflict-free, blood-free, ethically-sourced diamonds will find its way into the auto industry. That would be a good thing.
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