By on June 22, 2013

2013 Fiat 500e Exterior, Picture Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes

Despite being an incredibly small part of the US market share, you don’t have to look far in California’s urban areas to find a car with a plug. The reason for that is California’s controversial EV mandate. California wants 1.4 million EVs and plug-in hybrids on the road by 2025. Up till recently, California’s regulations seemed like a pie-in-the-sky dream with a far-away deadline. That changed last year when CARB (California Air Resources Board) mandated (in a nutshell) a combined 7,500 zero-emission vehicles be sold between 2012 and 2014 by the large auto makers in the state. (Credits and trades are not included in that number.) Come 2018, smaller companies like Volvo, Subaru and Jaguar will have to embrace plug-love and at the same time, most of the silly green credits go out the window. By 2025, if my home state has its way, 15% of new cars will be an EV. In California. This brings us to the little orange 500 Fiat lent us for a week. Because everyone is getting into the EV game, this will be our first EV review where we make no mention of living with an EV, range anxiety or charging station availability. If you want to know about that, click over to our 7-part saga “Living with an EV for a week.”

 YouTube Preview Image

Exterior

Fiat’s pint-sized car started its life as a Fiat Panda, a popular European car that is constantly bashed on Top Gear. (The Panda isn’t a bad little car, but it looks like something the soviet government would have cooked up.) The 500 however is modern Italian chic from bumper to bumper. While the Nuova 500 (as the Italians call it to distinguish it from the original) isn’t as handsome as the original “new” Mini, it is a plucky little car that makes people smile and point as you drive by. It could have been the $500 optional bright orange paint, but the 500e received more points and waves from passers by than a BMW M6 drop-top or a $120,000 Jaguar.

How small is a 500? We’re talking 139 inches long and 64 inches wide. That’s 7.0 inches shorter and 2 inches narrower than the Mini and a whopping three feet shorter than a Civic and 5 inches narrower than the compact Honda.

For EV duty, Fiat stuck with the 500’s winning formula. The EV gets a tweaked front and rear bumper for improved aerodynamics, wheels that have very little open space to reduce drag and a spoiler designed to do the same. Together the aero improvement reduce drag by 13% over a gasoline Italian. Fiat dropped the charging connector behind the fuel filler door and kept EV badging to an absolute minimum. The 500e’s discrete personality (you know, aside from the orange paint) didn’t go unnoticed by me or by my weekly troupe of lunch guests. Oddly enough when I first drove a 500 gasoline version two years ago everyone I met asked me if it was Electric. Now that there is a 500 electric, nobody thought about asking if it was an EV.

2013 Fiat 500e Interior, Dashboard, Picture Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes

Interior

EV variants of “normal” cars suffer from the same problem as high-performance variants: the common parts bin. The 500’s plastics and trim parts are entirely appropriate in a $16,000 500 Pop edition but a gasoline vehicle starting at $31,800 would normally be expected to have nicer bits. But this isn’t a gasoline car so we should talk actual competition before we go much further.

The gas 500 finds itself head-to-head with the likes of the Mni Copper, Scion iQ and Smart, the $31,800 500e swims in a larger and more varied pond. We have the $28,800 Leaf, $29,135 i-MiEV, $39,200 Focus Electric, $26,685 Spark EV, as well as the lease-only Fit EV, the expensive crossover RAV4 EV, the crop of “almost EV” plug in hybrids and, yes, even the Model S. (The Mini E is not available for sale yet and Think! went belly-up.)

With the competition now in mind we can assess the interior more honestly. As a dedicated EV, the Leaf was built to a weight so plastics are hard and thin. Ditto the Volt and i-MiEV. The C-MAX and RAV 4, being based off slightly more expensive gasoline vehicles have more luxurious interior plastics. Meanwhile the 500 has plenty of hard plastics but Fiat cast them in stylish shapes that are sure to lure PT Cruiser, HHR and Mini buyers. The only real change to the 500’s interior was the installation of shift buttons where the traditional shifter used to live. I think the change was fine but I wish Fiat had gone further and just removed that portion of the dash so you’d have more knee-room.

EV efficiency is driven as much by environmental concerns as the reality that range is limited and charging times are long. Weight the enemy of efficiency so you won’t find heavy items like cushy seats, adjustable lumbar support or power adjusting mechanisms. The 500e’s thrones aren’t uncomfortable, but they lack the range of adjustibility you find in an average mid-sized sedan. Thanks t0 the 500’s upright profile, the rear seats are surprisingly easy to get into and provide enough headroom for a pair of 6-foot tall adults. On the down side, the battery pack intrudes making the footwells four-inches shallower than the regular 500. (Check out the video for more.) The EV conversion doesn’t really shrink the cargo area as much as it converts it. The 500e has a flip-up cargo floor that reveals a can of fix-a-flat and the 120V “emergency” charging cable which suck up about six-inches of cargo load floor.
2013 Fiat 500e LCD Instrument Cluster, Picture Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes

 

Infotainment & Gadgets

The 500 may seem fresh to Americans since it’s only been sold here for three years. Unfortunately for gadget lovers, the 500 is really a 6 year old car launched in 2007. That means that the gadgets on offer were already ageing when “our” 500 hit dealers in 2010.  That means you won’t find any snazzy touchscreen LCDs, self parking doodads or Ford SYNC aping voice commands. To correct this deficiency, 500es sold in the USA come standard with Fiat’s customized Tom-Tom nav system that “docks” into a dedicated hole in the dashboard. For some reason our Canadian brothers and sisters (who are able to buy the 500e) don’t get standard nav-love but Fiat will sell you one for some extra loonies.

Helping counter the 500e’s price tag, Fiat throws in the up-level Alpine sound system from the gasoline model with Bluetooth speaker phone integration and a USB/iPod interface. EV buyers also get a snazzy 7-inch LCD gauge cluster. The disco-dash offers slick graphics but limited customization in this generation. Instead of reworking the car’s controls for the 500e, the LCD is still controlled via the complicated combination of steering wheel buttons, a button on the wiper stalk and three buttons on the dash. Confused? Check out the video to see what they all do.

2013 Fiat 500e Electric Motor, Drivetrain, Picture Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes

Drivetrain & Drive

In place of the gasoline engine sits a 111HP/147lb-ft three-phase AC synchronous motor. That’s a 9HP and 49lb-ft improvement over the 1.4L four-cylinder gasoline engine. Power is stored in a 624lb, 24kWh battery pack that’s liquid cooled and heated that is located mostly under the 500’s Italian body. Power gets to the front wheels via a single speed transaxle. Transaxle is perhaps not the best word to use here since the 500e doesn’t have a transmission in the traditional sense; its more of a reduction gear and differential combination. No reverse gear is needed because the motor can spin backwards just as easily as it can forwards.

Charging is handled by an on-board 6.6kW charger which will take the pack from zero to 100% in just under four hours if you have access to a 240V level 2 charger. 120V charging will take 22 hours, a notable improvement over some EVs thanks to the small size of the 500’s battery. Range clocks in at 80-100 miles depending on how you drive and my range numbers landed in the middle at 90. Thanks to an efficient drivetrain and the 6.6kW charger, the 500e can “opportunity” charge while you’re shopping gobbling up 20-25 miles of range for every hour of 240V public charging. Due to the ongoing DC-charging standard war, Fiat decided to skip on the feature leaving 500e owners to gaze longingly at the possibility of gaining 4 miles of range a minute.

The 111HP motor changes the way the 500 drives dramatically. Motors deliver all their torque from nearly zero RPM to moderate speeds. As a result the 500e has far more “oomph” from a stop than the regular gasoline model that needs to rev to bring the power to a boil. This means the EV version has more torque steer and more one-wheel-peel, but it also runs out of breath over 65 MPH in a way the gas model doesn’t. If you mash your foot to the floor you’ll clock 30 MPH in a very respectable 2.69 seconds, 60 MPH in a four-cylinder Accord 7.87 seconds and a slow 79.7 MPH quarter mile after 16.37 seconds. Keep your boot in it and 88 MPH will happen eventually, at which point the Bosch battery management system will kick in with German efficiency reducing power to keep you from toasting your Samsung cells. Those performance numbers slot the 500e right between the $16,000 500 Pop and the $19,500 500 Turbo which makes sense given the linear power delivery EVs are known for.

2013 Fiat 500e LCD Instrument Cluster, Picture Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes

The 500e may have more around-town scoot than its gasoline brother, but an overall weight gain of 600lbs vs the dino model and low rolling resistance rubber define the 500’s handling. While its true the battery pack causes the 500e to have a better weight balance than the gasoline 500, it just means you’re going to head into the bushes door-first rather than nose-first. Still, 2,980lbs is a fairly light electric car and that is obvious when you drive the 500e back-to-back with a Leaf or Fit EV. Electrification hasn’t destroyed the 500’s dynamics, but it has dulled them.

Despite the changes, the 500e is still an excellent runabout with a tight turning radius, decent visibility and (thanks to is small size) it’s a breeze to park. The same can be said of the Mitsubishi i-MiEV, but it’s dreadfully ugly and the 500’s pug nose has a cute factor that can’t be denied. The 500e is also running Bosch’s latest regenerative braking software which handles the friction brake/regen brake transition the smoothest of any car I have driven to date, an important feature in a city-EV. Fiat has one selling point we haven’t covered, the ” Pass program” which gives owners “free” access to 12 days of rental car access per year for three years via Enterprise, National or Alamo. The logic is to quell range anxiety with almost a fortnight in a gasoline car for your yearly road trip. Speaking of leases, I’m not sure how many people would pay $31,800 for 500 that ran on electrons, but Fiat’s $999 down, $199 a month (plus a heap of taxes and fees) is fairly attractive. Nissan is also offering a $199 a month lease on the Leaf, but it required another grand down. Based on the little car’s operating costs, the 500e would make an ideal commuter, especially if your employer foots your charging bill (a growing number in California do.) Just keep in mind that you can’t claim that $7,500 tax credit that is heavily advertised by EV makers if you lease, and Fiat only sells the 500e in California. Bummer dude.

 

Hit it or Quit It?

Hit it

  • Most fun to drive EV this side of a Model S.
  • Good looks can’t be overlooked.
  • 36 days in a rental car sounds like a reasonable perk.

Quit it

  • Fiat’s infotainment options are old school and awkward interfaces abound.
  • No DC quick-charging ability leaves you wishing you had a Leaf sometimes.

Fiat provided the vehicle, insurance and 24kWh of electricity for this review

Specifications as tested

0-30: 2.69 Seconds

0-60: 7.87 Seconds

1/4 Mile: 16.37 Seconds at 79.9 MPH

Average Observed Economy:148 MPGe over 580 miles

 

Get the latest TTAC e-Newsletter!

26 Comments on “Review: 2013 Fiat 500e Electric (Video)...”


  • avatar
    NMGOM

    Disgusting. Repugnant. Repulsive.
    Sorry, got carried away, but….
    No manual transmission.
    No Vroom.
    No RWD.
    ⇒ POS.

    ——————-

    • 0 avatar
      carguy

      That really kind of narrows your scope for the appreciation of cars.

      • 0 avatar
        NMGOM

        carguy – – –

        You are indeed right.
        Why would I factor in bad cars along with good ones for my “appreciation”?

        As Vickie Butler-Henderson has said in the August issue of “Road&Track”:
        “Fantastic handling is what gets me the most, and nine times out of 10, that means a rear-wheel-drive machine”.

        I guess an exception might be the Ford Focus ST, whose suspension was designed by German engineer Jost Capito, before he left to go to VW Motorsport. That FWD car could actually go into oversteer mode like a RWD car. Way to go, Jost!

        ref: http://www.autoblog.com/2012/03/29/jost-capito-leaving-ford-svt-for-volkswagen-motorsport/

        I think Randy Pobst’s added comparison with the Subaru BRZ is revealing – – –
        http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/overview/1303_2013_ford_focus_st_2013_subaru_brz/viewall.html

        ——————

    • 0 avatar
      moorewr

      I am a dedicated manual buyer and owner, but I have no problem with an automatic transmission in a 500E. There’s no traditional engine to shift gears on. Making pretend gears to shift for a pure electric makes no sense to me.

    • 0 avatar
      sitting@home

      > No manual transmission.

      But no slushbox either.

      > No Vroom.

      Just a whoosh

      > No RWD.

      Then drive it backwards, it should be able to go just as fast.

    • 0 avatar

      Bigtruckseriesreview IS THAT YOU?

  • avatar
    Dr. Kenneth Noisewater

    85wh/kg battery? Dang that’s poor…

  • avatar
    PrincipalDan

    For some reason the 500 electric always makes me think “golf cart” (along with the Smart FourTwo.) I can’t get past it. I guess I was raised on too many corn fed American sedans.

    • 0 avatar
      jpolicke

      The 500 also makes me think golf cart, but the Smart, with its staggered front and rear track, makes me think shopping cart. Someone should come up with an outside rear cargo bin for the smart, mounted at roof level with a bright metal outside frame. Voila, there’s the handle with kid bin. Buy the thing in orange and you’ll have Home Depot chasing you down.

      • 0 avatar
        Summicron

        My dentist’s chairs all have a view of a state highway up on a grassy berm, traffic moving by at a right angle, wheels obscured.

        Saw a smart car go by… looked like a Kenmore stove traveling at 70 mph.

  • avatar
    Summicron

    Whenever I’m at the rental lots I see a couple of the gas versions. I walk over and marvel anew that anyone could send these to compete in America. It’s like having a one-on-one contest with LeBron and sending me.

    In fact, it’s exactly like that because by NBA standards I’m tiny, rounded and cute. And I first appeared in the 50’s.

    • 0 avatar

      I’ve seen quite a few out and about in South Florida, the place where people will buy any car as long as it’s unique looking. I’ve even seen a couple of Fisker Karmas, and a more hopelessly outclassed vehicle is impossible to find.

      Three Tesla Model Ss, though. And counting …

      D

  • avatar
    jpolicke

    What is the conventional 12V battery under the hood for? I’m assuming it charges simultaneously with the drive battery. If it powers lights, etc, then why does using these accessories detract from range?

  • avatar
    mnm4ever

    So it sounds like this is a better commuter than the leaf, though not as practical is probably more fun to drive. The lease deal is right and the range is good too. I’d get one when they offer them in Florida but the Spark EV might be even better.

  • avatar
    rudiger

    Despite being a compliance car that Marchionne himself has publicly dissed, it sounds like the 500e has turned out surprisingly well. Or maybe the lack of internal interest (i.e., meddling) is responsible.

    Either way, for a low-volume niche vehicle, the 500e, with those attractive lease terms, could turn out to be a surprise hit.

    Unlike the Mitsubishi I-MiEV, the 500e and Spork EV seem to have done a much better job of addressing the small, tolerable EV commuter equation.

    • 0 avatar
      360joules

      Good point. It seems that the bean counters and compliance drones let loose some EEs and MEs on a project that was assumed to be a career killer. Then the engineers came up with a halfway pleasant solution to a turd-polishing project. Good on them.

  • avatar
    bumpy ii

    I kinda like it. I could see myself picking up a used one in a few years and installing a fresh, lighter, similar-capacity battery pack.

  • avatar
    Dimwit

    It looks like FIAT decided to emphasize the funky with this 500. Not too many compromises with it being electric. I can see this being a huge hit, probably more that FIAT is capable of supplying.

    I wonder if there will come a day where you can buy adapters at Radio Shack to be able to suck up juice anywhere no matter the style available.

  • avatar
    NMGOM

    carguy – – – –

    (Sorry that my response to you got somehow “clipped” off. Let’s try this.

    carguy – – –

    You are indeed right.
    Why would I factor in bad cars along with good ones for my “appreciation”?

    As Vickie Butler-Henderson has said in the August issue of “Road&Track”:
    “Fantastic handling is what gets me the most, and nine times out of 10, that means a rear-wheel-drive machine”.

    I guess an exception might be the Ford Focus ST, whose suspension was designed by German engineer Jost Capito, before he left to go to VW Motorsport. That FWD car could actually go into oversteer mode like a RWD car. Way to go, Jost!

    ref: http://www.autoblog.com/2012/03/29/jost-capito-leaving-ford-svt-for-volkswagen-motorsport/

    I think Randy Pobst’s added comparison with the Subaru BRZ is revealing – – –
    http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/overview/1303_2013_ford_focus_st_2013_subaru_brz/viewall.html

    ——————

  • avatar
    Voltaggio

    Why is it that people who have no interest or need for an EV insist on commenting on these reviews? It’s like someone with size 5 feet hanging out in a shoe store to tell the people who wear size 8 shoes how wrong they are. If it doesn’t fit your needs, don’t buy it.

    As for me, this looks like a winning combination: good range, Fiat’s lease fits my budget, and a good driving experience. In fact, I think the critical consensus is that this is the most fun-to-drive EV besides the Tesla, which is a pretty impressive accomplishment. Kudos to the engineers who put this thing together.

    Too bad the user interface to the entertainment system is so poor. Somehow I’m not surprised that Blue&Me, the bluetooth integration in the car, was designed by Microsoft.

  • avatar
    gslippy

    Fiat’s execution sounds excellent, and I really like the rental offer (which I hadn’t been aware of before reading this story).

    But this car has two problems:

    1. As a compliance car, you can’t actually buy it in most of the US.
    2. The rear seat is nearly unusable, making it a 2-seater in reality. My Leaf can carry 4-5 people comfortably, which is something I use it for regularly.

    • 0 avatar
      GoesLikeStink

      He says in the article that two six footers fit fine in the back seat. Which is true, I have a 500c, the convertible 500. Because of the upright position there is plenty of leg room. I use the back seat all the time.


Back to TopLeave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Subscribe without commenting

Recent Comments

New Car Research

Get a Free Dealer Quote

Staff

  • Contributing Writers

  • Jack Baruth, United States
  • Brendan McAleer, Canada
  • Marcelo De Vasconcellos, Brazil
  • Vojta Dobes, Czech Republic
  • Matthias Gasnier, Australia
  • W. Christian 'Mental' Ward, Abu Dhabi
  • Mark Stevenson, Canada
  • Cameron Aubernon, United States
  • J Emerson, United States