By on October 13, 2021


In 1921, there were more than 25 million horses in a United States populated by less than 110 million humans. I’m not a mathematographer, by any means, but I think that puts us at a ratio of about one horse for every four-ish people out there.  And, just like there are many kinds of people, there are many kinds of horses, too.  There are Quarter Horses, paints, Arabians, Appaloosas, and – of course – Thoroughbred racing horses.

Something strange has happened in the last hundred years, though. There are a lot more people and a lot fewer horses, for one thing – just 3 million horses for a whopping 330 million Americans – but it’s a curious thing that there are a lot more Thoroughbreds in 2021 than there were in 1921. What’s more, it’s almost certain that the meticulously bred horses spending their 21st Century days in luxurious stables are serving a vastly different purpose than their hard-working forbears.

You see where I’m going with this, right?


Longtime TTAC readers might remember the Grand National Problem – a 2012 piece written by the Great Jack Baruth wherein an alien comes to Earth to research how humans get around, and gets confused by the simple fact that, while the Buick Grand National (GNX) only ever accounted for 10 percent of the total Regal production numbers, “virtually every roadworthy example of the baroque Buick sports the blown-six logo and the ‘Darth Vader’ paintjob.”

What Jack pointed out then was that those cars, the boring A-B appliances that get us to and fro, they may be bought in greater numbers than the more sporting variants that have emotional value, but they aren’t saved the way those cars are saved. To use Jack’s words again, “The Plain-Jane Regals outsold the Grand National, but nobody saves a regular Regal. A normally-aspirated, light-blue Regal has no value beyond providing pleasant transportation. It’s the equivalent of a horse in the nineteenth century, and when it gives real trouble, it’s put out of its misery with the same unsentimental dispatch a farmer would use when packing a trusty but lame old horse into the glue van.”

It’s 2021 now. The EV future that was merely whispered about or scoffed at in 2012 is very much here, or near enough that it’s visible on the horizon, at least, and the ubiquitous rumble of a few dozen V6 engines idling away at a stoplight will soon be a hazy memory for – well, if not for us, then for our kids. But, if we’re rich enough, our kids might still know the euphonious rriiIIIIiiiippP of a flat-plane crank Ferrari and the turbo-tastic backfire of a turbocharged flat-six – and they’ll have Porsche to thank for that, in more ways than one.


It’s a point of pride for Porsche that a majority of Porsches are still on the road, and Porsche – unlike many automakers – takes an active role in keeping old Porsches roadworthy. The company keeps making parts for them, for example, which is rarer than you might think in the auto industry. It also sponsors Porsche-specific car clubs and meet-ups, where professional drivers, coaches, and Porsche experts take time to teach Porsche owners how to get the most enjoyment out of their cars, whether that means walking them through a restoration project or helping them shave that last tenth of a second from their lap times. This kind of thing makes “Porsche people”, and it’s proven to be instrumental in keeping those people as customers.

Porsche wants to continue to keep these cars on the road – or, at least, to be seen as wanting to – so they’ve partnered with Bosch on a new product called SynGas, which behaves similarly enough to “conventional” gasoline to be used in an older car without requiring modifications to the factory fuel system or carburetor/EFI.

Bosch’s SynGas is produced exclusively with renewable energy, whereby hydrogen is extracted from water and combined with carbon that’s extracted from the surrounding air. The CO2 and hydrogen are then combined in a way that enables them to replicate gasoline, diesel, or kerosene, creating a sort of “closed-loop” of carbon emissions. This isn’t a theoretical thing, either – a Porsche-funded project built by Siemens Energy is on track to produce 55 million liters of synthetic, carbon-neutral fuel by 2024, filling out to 550 million liters per year by 2026.

This is really interesting tech, of course – and the SynGas that’s been made so far (only a few thousand gallons of the stuff) has worked as promised, with lower emissions and energy use than gasoline at just about every step in the production/consumption cycle. So, why hasn’t it been touted as the killer tech that’s going to bury the EV, affirm our fragile masculinities, and save the planet at the same time? One word: Cost.

By even the most optimistic estimates, Porsche CEO Oliver Blume predicts that SynGas will cost “about $10 per liter”, or more than $40 per gallon, for those of you who prefer “landed on the Moon” numbers to metric.

“(That’s why) we’re looking for partners,” he says. “They’ll take care of the technology, and at the end they’ll produce the fuel. Our task as automakers will be to find the right specifications so that these fuels will be able to run in our combustion engines.”

Apparently, Porsche has found a partner that can make good use of a few thousand gallons of fuel – one that doesn’t care about a $40/gallon price tag, and is looking for a way to both suck up to Porsche and greenwash its most public-facing operations. That partner is Formula 1.


Formula 1, circa 2021, has a problem. The current hybrid engine formula, which uses a turbocharged V6 mated to an energy-generating turbocharger called an MGU-H, has been something of a commercial failure for the sport. It’s expensive, for one thing, which is enough of a barrier of entry to keep most manufacturers away – but the MGU-H has proven a tricky thing to get right. Mercedes stumbled into the right configuration early on in 2014 and has dominated the series ever since – meanwhile, Renault has taken a beating, losing every one of its customer teams while Honda (who got the MGU-H even less right than Renault) has been chased out of the series altogether.

For the fans, it’s been worse. The dominance of Mercedes-Benz AMG’s engine combined with the brilliant driving of seven-time (so far) World Drivers’ Champion Sir Lewis Hamilton might be considered boring, but you could argue that watching Michael Jordan dominate the NBA in the 90s was boring, too, if you weren’t a Bulls fan, so that’s not the problem. What is the problem is that these hybrid V6s sound “a bit like a puppy dog farting into a coffee can” as a friend once told me – and he’s not far off.

The current engines lack the visceral buzz of the manic V10s, and it’s objectively hurt the show – but the hybrid formula was chosen in the early 2010s as a way to keep F1 technology conceptually relevant to passenger vehicles and help manufacturers justify their investments in racing by drawing that connecting line between racing cars and road cars. Ten years later, hybrids aren’t really considered “green” anymore, and the show put on by Formula E and other electric series is – let’s go with “less good” than what you might want. That’s why Formula 1 has a new plan, going forward: Out with the MGU-H, and in with Porsche and SynGas.

That’s not quite what the official press release says, of course – Formula 1’s marketers are far too cagey for that. What the release actually says is that, from 2025, the series will switch over to a now, “low cost” engine formula that’s meant to attract more manufacturers to the series. That engine will highlight “sustainable technology”, and use “100% sustainable ‘drop-in fuel’ – meaning it can be used in a standard internal combustion engine without any modification to the engine itself – [that] will be laboratory-created, using components that come from either a carbon capture scheme, municipal waste or non-food biomass, while achieving greenhouse gas emissions savings relative to fossil-derived petrol of at least 65%.”

Without saying “Porsche SynGas”, they’ve said Porsche Syngas, and that comes not too long after Porsche and Audi attended an open technical meeting in June to discuss the 2025 Formula 1 engine rules along with heavy-hitters like Daimler chairman Ola Kallenius, Renault CEO Luca de Meo, Ferrari president John Elkann and Red Bull owner Dietrich Mateschitz.

With Formula 1 essentially promoting and proving out their investment in a new, low-emission fuel and lowering their barrier to entry by creating a new, potentially “level” playing field for engine-builders, only a fool wouldn’t predict that Porsche’s announcement to return to F1 is imminent … which brings us right back around to the horses.


Regardless of how well the line worked in Jack’s article, it’s just a fact that when a Thoroughbred champion isn’t up for the job anymore, it doesn’t go to the glue factory. Instead, it gets put out to stud, ensuring that its race-winning genes are further refined, further enhanced, and that future horses get faster and faster, making for a better and better show. Their – uh, stuff sells for millions of dollars (you can trust me, or you can type “champion horse semen cost” into Google, just like I did), and there is very little connecting these specialty machines to the poor old paints that haul tourists around.

You’re the Best and Brightest, so I don’t have to spell it all the way out for you – just remember that you saw it coming when the new 2037 Ferrari F90 bows with an absolutely bonkers internal combustion engine revving all the way to 15,000 rpm and a price tag that would make even a Sultan blush. And, if you think I’ve gotten this all wrong, I’m sure I’ll hear about it in the comments.

[Images: H_Ko/,  Siemens Energy]

Become a TTAC insider. Get the latest news, features, TTAC takes, and everything else that gets to the truth about cars first by subscribing to our newsletter.

Get the latest TTAC e-Newsletter!

28 Comments on “Horses, Porsche to Formula 1, and the Future of Internal Combustion...”

  • avatar

    The obvious difference of course is that no jurisdiction has banned the sale or breeding of horses (or announced any plans to), there are no barriers besides cost and space to anyone owning a horse that wishes to, and in theory, if “a better horse” emerged that became more popular than cars, no laws or coercion would prevent their return to widespread use.

    It’s far from clear to me that any of the same will apply to ICE powered cars a decade or so from now.

    • 0 avatar

      Actually, governments were more than happy to get rid of horses – they were an environmental and public health disaster, and they were definitely regulated.

      But I think the death of the internal combustion engine is nowhere near at hand for a multitude of reasons, the simplest being that they’re still incredibly popular.

      • 0 avatar

        Being happy something is gone is a lot different than taking concrete action to make it so.

        In a dense city, horses make no sense environmentally, and neither do ICE powered cars. Regulation like congestion taxes or electric only in city centers, while rubbing me the wrong way, are at least understandable.

        In the wide open spaces between the coasts, horses are still popular, still seen on roads, and still have their uses. Hopefully this precedent is followed for gas engines.

      • 0 avatar


        True – one hundred years ago, local governments were more than happy to replace “horse exhaust” with automobile exhaust.

        While BEVs might replace passenger vehicles, SynGas-powered 18-wheelers could be an answer for moving loads currently moved by diesel-powered 18-wheelers. Of course cost would have to come waaaaaaaay down, but there might be a case for expanding production of SynGas. The side benefit could be availability for ICE cars, certainly classic cars and racing.

        • 0 avatar

          They are definitely looking at diesel and kerosene versions of SynGas, you’re 100% correct.

        • 0 avatar

          Jay Leno had said that EV’s will save ICE cars. Like Baruth’s example, no one really cares about plain Jane transportation appliances. It’s the enthusiast vehicles that get saved.

        • 0 avatar

          Startup costs aside, if syngas ends up costing 10x crudegas, it’s largely because it requires lots of energy to produce. More than even H2.

          Ultimately, efficiency wins out. Petroleum, even if the easiest to recover from fields are now past their prime, is still cheap and convenient calories. Which is why replacing earlier forms of available energy with it, resulted in massive economic growth. Replacing petroleum with something LESS efficient, will just increase the pace at which America, and the west, is now getting poorer year-over-year. Until eventually, “we” can’t afford to do that anymore, so we’re back to petroleum.

    • 0 avatar

      I don’t think that’s quite accurate. Maybe there are no outright legal bans on horses, but I’m pretty sure you’d get a ticket for trying to park your horse outside a Chili’s on 2-for-1 margarita night, assuming you didn’t get chased off the roads and sidewalks by police on your way there in the first place.

      • 0 avatar

        Depends where the Chili’s is.

      • 0 avatar

        There ARE outright legal bans on horses on limited access freeways, including the Federal interstate system. That extends to pedestrians and bicyclists, though there’s a rare exception in rural areas where the freeway cut off direct bicycle routes. In those cases, bicyclists can traverse the shoulder (breakdown lane) in limited locations, between ramp systems.

        There are virtually no bans on horses or horse-drawn conveyances on city streets, though they are banned on higher speed roads inside and outside city limits. There are other restrictions though.

        In cities with horse-drawn hansom cabs, the horses must be fitted with diapers to eliminate manure on the streets. The sanitation guy in white, pushing a barrel on wheels, with a broom and shovel, often seen in cartoons, was sweeping up horse manure from the streets. Check out photos taken before 1910 of city streets, and you’ll see manure strewn everywhere.

      • 0 avatar

        “I’m pretty sure you’d get a ticket for trying to park your horse outside a Chili’s on 2-for-1 margarita night”

        I don’t know if the Amish are too excited about 2 for 1 margs, but plenty of businesses not far from where I live and work provide hitching places for their horses and buggies while they’re in town.

    • 0 avatar

      Hear, Hear!

  • avatar

    Jo, did you get a number on how many Thoroughbreds (I would include Quarter Horses in that number) there were in 1921, and today? I also wonder how many horse racing tracks there were then versus now.

    I knew an old gentleman years ago (a WWII vet), and he was old even when he went in as an officer (born in 1906) that was a horse racing fan. He subscribed to “The Thoroughbred Record” magazine, which also included about a two-inch-thick reference published annually that listed all the registered thoroughbreds out there, along with their sires and dams, lineage, etc. Pretty interesting, really.

  • avatar

    I still don’t understand, why General Lee is bad and Porsche is still not bad?

    • 0 avatar
      el scotto

      It’s like painting a Lavian flag on the roof of your Gaz and having a horn that plays the Latvian national anthem. It’s all about going out of your way to be an a-hole. The General Lee has the battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia painted on its roof. It also has a horn that plays “Dixie”, the defacto anthem of the miserably failed confederate states. It’s a case of being none too subtle and openly embracing symbols that are used by racists. General Lee chose completely disregard his oath to the Union and be a ring leader in an act of rebellion. Yes, his life was filled with bad decisions and leading a rebel army that was doomed to fail shows he gleefully went out of his way to be an a-hole. Lee never won outside VA and couldn’t win a defensive war. At the end, he let his men starve. He should have been hung for that and so much more. If you were a German industrialist in the 1930s, the Nazis gave you two choices: 1. Produce for us. 2. Go to a concentration camp. 2a. Let the Russian steal your factory after we start losing. The act of self-preservation is not, repeat not considered an A-hole move. Neither is stealing German rocket scientists before the Russians get them. Florida is much nice than central Russia. To sum it up: embracing and showing off objects with a racists history/background is considered an A-hole move. Surviving the third Reich and putting your name on some of the world’s best sports cars is not, repeat not considered an A-hole move. Trolling an obscure automotive website is an A-hole move. Waiting on the “Lost Causers” and “Proud southern Men” in 3,2,1.

      • 0 avatar

        @el scotto – well said. Germany clued in post WW2 that any Nazi symbolism was bad and rendered illegal. It’s amazing that in the USA, it’s a difficult concept to grasp.

  • avatar

    “I’m not a mathematographer, by any means,”

    Don’t worry, nobody is. The word does not exist. Mathematician is the term your brain is searching for, and there are only 3.78 liters in a US gallon, all made by Bic, so $US10 per litre is $37.80 for the US gallon, a 5/6 measure of a real gallon when those were in use. The business types and hucksters were alive and well two hundred years ago, when the small gallon came into use to fool the nascent American public into paying the same for less. An imperial gallon of water weighs ten pounds exactly, or as were taught as kids, a pint of water weighs a pound and a quarter — everywhere but the USA.

    A car doesn’t look like a horse, not having legs and trotters, so the change to EVs with four wheels from gas cars with four wheels won’t frighten the horse or the public. EVs were the best selling cars in the 19oughties, so it’s not like the world has to change perception by all that much.

    As for this new synfuel, well, in the German engineering world, if simplicating things hasn’t worked for them, then complicating things always has.

  • avatar
    el scotto

    Hans! Deiter! Yes sir? Down in the basement, there’s a gray steel file cabinet that has some spray paint blotches on it. Ignore the eagles and swastikas that were painted over. It has the old formulas and files for synthetic fuel. We’ll be the 8th Air Force yet!!

  • avatar
    Tele Vision

    Where I live you need a few things to own a horse: A Dodge dually; an air-conditioned trailer; some property to keep said horse on; and another property on which to ride it, hence the $150,000 horse taxi.

    I’ve only rarely seen anyone astride one of these mounts but I see many being driven about in rigs more opulent than my house – but for the horse scat strewn about within ( the trailer – not my house )

    Horses are but another brain between you and the ground – and that brain doesn’t particularly like you.

    If this ‘SynGas’ has legs then let’s get back to the 3.0L V10 Formula.

  • avatar

    One minor nit to pick: The Buick Regal Grand National and the GNX were two somewhat different cars. The GNX was a very limited production Grand National (only 547 made in 1987). All GNXs are Grand Nationals; not all Grand Nationals are GNXs.

Read all comments

Back to TopLeave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Recent Comments

  • Urlik: Seatbelt pretensioners, not airbag pretensioners. Need a headline correction.
  • tmvette454: All it needs is some whiskers and could be a catfish
  • jalop1991: If they don’t use Mr. T in the ads, they’re missing the boat.
  • sgeffe: Why’d I think the K5 was still the Optima?! Yes, I’d assume that one is next.
  • TMA1: The Sonata and K5 are everywhere in Korea. That the current Sonata is a sales dud likely has more to do with...

New Car Research

Get a Free Dealer Quote

Who We Are

  • Adam Tonge
  • Bozi Tatarevic
  • Corey Lewis
  • Jo Borras
  • Mark Baruth
  • Ronnie Schreiber