Carpocalypse: The Triage

Bertel Schmitt
by Bertel Schmitt
carpocalypse the triage

When I was a young and budding Creative Director on the Volkswagen account (some time in the wild 70s,) I was told that there is only space for 10 automakers on this planet. In 2008, Marchinonne said there is room for 6. Now, the odds are there is Lebensraum for 3 to 5 automakers, depending on who you ask.

The prophets don’t seem to look around when they say that. The annual OICA list of the world’s largest automakers has 50 positions. In China alone are anywhere between 60 and 120 automakers, nobody seems to have a definitive number. Since I was a young and budding Creative Director on Volkswagen 30 years ago, the number of carmarkers worldwide has risen dramatically. It looks like the minute a country turns from a “developing country” into an “emerging country” (whatever that may be,) they want at least one of their own automakers. Even Iran has a couple of sizable automakers, they aren’t on the OICA list, and it’s not for a lack of units made.

If it would be true that one needs annual output in excess of 5m cars to survive, then our choices would be limited to Toyota, GM, and Volkswagen. Reality looks different.

The motorized mass mortality doesn’t seem to happen, and it won’t happen anytime soon.

If there was a global event that could have triggered mass extinction of the dinosaurs, then it was the carmageddon of 2008. Without government intervention, it would have broken the neck of several automakers. Curiously, it wasn’t the necks the prophets had in mind. It was the biggest ones that nearly died, would they not have been rescued by the generous donations of people like you and me.

Sometimes, it’s good to take a long-term look. Over the weekend, I lined up the OICA production numbers from 2003 to 2009, and plotted them over time. For the top ten only, all fifty would have been too confusing. I took strictly the official OICA numbers. If you have issues with them (and there is reason in several cases,) the issues must be taken up with OICA. They are production numbers only, the metric the industry goes by. If some want worldwide transaction price rankings: I don’t have them.

What does the big picture tell us?

Toyota and GM, the two giants, suffered similarly, and a lot. GM started hemorrhaging a bit earlier and fell a bit deeper, but overall, GM fared not much differently than Toyota. If GM would have been better managed and would have built reserves instead of living from paycheck to paycheck, they could be in the same situation as Toyota, without any government help.

Ford was mauled badly. It is amazing that they survived without a bankruptcy and a GM-sized bailout.

Volkswagen, through sheer luck, was in the right place (China) at the right time, and was a nobody in the wrong place (U.S.A.) at the wrong time. Hence, Volkswagen survived carmageddon relatively unscathed. If they wouldn’t have been sidetracked by their own in-house version of the carpocalypse, the Porsche-Piech-Wiedeking-coup-and-counter-coup, they probably would look even better today.

The big winner is Hyundai. While nobody was watching and everybody was self-absorbed, dark horse Hyundai came from behind and showed that even if the sky is falling, there is room to rise.

The others are biding their time. No major battle damage (except for Honda.) They are all pretty much treading water.

Looking ahead, the decisive battle for world domination in terms of sheer production numbers is fought in China. It’s the world’s largest auto market and growing like gangbusters. By the end of the year, the Chinese will most likely have bought more than 16m cars, compared to projected sales “in the low 11m” in the U.S.A. GM is strong in China. Toyota is weak in China. Vokswagen is strong in China. Ford is weak in China.

Assuming continuous moral and political support at the home front, provided by GM’s main shareholders, GM will most likely re-take the #1 position in global output this year. The mid-term trend points strongly in that direction. However, this will be a hollow victory. Most of the volume in China comes from cheap little delivery vans built by a company called Wuling, a joint venture in which GM has only a 38 percent share. GM gave up the majority of their joint venture with SAIC for the express purpose that SAIC can reflect the whole profit on their books. How this will play out financially remains to be seen.

The big winners in China and elsewhere will be Volkswagen and Hyundai. Re-check the mid-term trend for details. Both Volkswagen and Hyundai are well positioned in China. Volkswagen much more so than Hyundai. Volkswagen profits immensely from a low Euro, and from increased exports. Ford is not a serious player in China. Therefore, I see Hyundai overtake Ford worldwide by year-end. The appreciating value of the Japanese Yen will cause Toyota additional pain when the books are closed. The low Euro and the teetering European market will hurt Ford. Ford has big exposure in Europe.

By the end of the year, the production ranking will most likely be #1 GM, #2 Toyota, #3 Volkswagen, #4 Hyundai, #5 Ford. In terms of profits, it most likely will be a tight race between Toyota and Volkswagen.

PS: Speaking of China, I will be touring the most scenic sites of China (factories in godforsaken places) all of this week with some hardy European customers. You will see very little of yours truly. Don’t worry (or don’t get your hopes up), BS shall return.

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  • Tstag Tstag on Aug 16, 2010

    NulloModo JLR is going great guns in Europe and China. In fact sales in China are stunning especially when you consider they don't produce locally. I think in the UK JLR are now consistently showing growth of circa 50%! The USA is struggling economically more than most so perhaps that accounts for the difference. Sadly for Ford they only have minnow premium car maker Lincoln and that's a US only brand.... So all that growth JLR is now enjoying is in markets where Lincoln doen not compete. Personally I think Ford should have sent Lincoln to the rest home in the Sky and just gone with JLR.

  • Disaster Disaster on Aug 17, 2010

    Despite the little blip, in 2010, not shown on the chart, all the automakers are in for some more tough times as the year, and recession/depression, continues. Ford WILL be in for some very rough times and have to do some more cost cutting to survive. I wonder if the American people will have the stomach for another automotive bailout?

  • Alan I would think Ford would beef up the drive line considering the torque increase, horse power isn't a factor here. I looked at a Harrop supercharger for my vehicle. Harrop offered two stages of performance. The first was a paltry 100hp to the wheels (12 000AUD)and the second was 250hp to the wheels ($20 000 (engine didn't rev harder so torque was significantly increased)). The Stage One had no drive line changes, but the Stage Two had drive line modifications. My vehicle weighs roughly the same as a full size pickup and the 400'ish hp I have is sufficient, I had little use for another 100 let alone 250hp. I couldn't see much difference in the actual supercharger setup other than a ratio change for the drive of the supercharger, so that extra $8 000 went into the drive line.
  • ToolGuy Question: F-150 FP700 ( Bronze or Black) supercharger kit is legal in 50 states, while the Mustang supercharger kit is banned in California -- why??
  • ToolGuy Last picture: Labeling the accelerator as "play" and the brake pedal as "pause" might be cute, but it feels wrong. It feels wrong because it is wrong, and it is wrong because Calculus.Sidebar: I have some in-laws who engage the accelerator and brake on a binary on/off all-in basis. So annoying as a passenger.Drive smoothly out there. 🙂
  • Johnny ringo It's an interesting vehicle, I'd like to see VW offer the two row Buzz in the states also.
  • Chuck Norton And guys are having wide spread issues with the 10 speed transmission with the HP numbers out of the factory......