Li-ion Bubble Trouble Ahead; Volt Battery Chief Jumps In Too

Paul Niedermeyer
by Paul Niedermeyer

Li-ion battery start ups have been the dot.coms of the last few years. And like that not-so little bubble, a report now warns of a brewing global overcapacity, and coming shakeout. Some sixty li-ion battery makers are in various stages of development and production, fueled by projected EV demand. GreenCarCongress reports:

a new report from Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, planned investments in lithium-ion manufacturing will result in significant overcapacity between 2014 and 2017 relative to the demand generated by that growth, especially in the US and in Japan.

As a consequence, Roland Berger forecasts, only six to eight global battery manufacturers will survive the next five to seven years. These are the findings of a new market survey conducted by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants titled “Powertrain 2020: Li-ion batteries – The next bubble ahead?”

Planned investments will thus result in significant overcapacity between 2014 and 2017, especially in the US and in Japan. Given the announced investments, capacity in 2015 will already reach 200% of the demand projected for 2016. In addition, not all investments have been announced; as-yet unknown investments by key players will lead to further overcapacity, and national subsidies will stimulate even more investments.

Those “as-yet unknown investments” has attracted one industry pioneer. GM’s Director of Global Battery Systems Denise Gray has announced her departure for an un-named new battery start-up in California.‘s Lyle Dennis: “I would speculate it is possible she could be joining Stanford silicon nanowire battery expert Yi Cui in his start-up company, Amprius.”

The real challenge is to drive production costs down, and that takes large capital investment and economies of scale. According to the Roland Berger report: “€50-100 million for new cell chemistry, €350 million for a 100,000 unit plant.”

This creates a dilemma for the West and its governments, who are backing battery research and development.

Western governments therefore need to act now in order to avoid losing future technologies to Asia; at the same time, battery suppliers need a well-defined strategy to gain market share fast in order to survive, the consultancy cautions. And last but not least, investors should be aware of massive investment risks. Wolfgang Bernhart, Partner with Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, notes “Unfavorable factors are piling up. But managed correctly, electrified powertrains will still be a profitable market in the future.”

In related news, li-ion battery maker A123 stock is off 42% from its 52 week high, and Valance is down 67% from its 52 week high.

Paul Niedermeyer
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  • Steven02 Steven02 on Feb 25, 2010

    Sounds like a market where only the strong will survive.

  • HerrKaLeun HerrKaLeun on Feb 25, 2010

    Roland Berger consulting is something like Anderson Consulting, it's the laughing stock in Germany. Not sure why someone gives them the honor of quoting them. sure, the manufacturers will consolidate. the same way all new industry companies consolidate once the mushrooming market stops feeding everyone. Many of the car, LED and anything else manufacturers won't exist in a few year. CPU, HDD and other manufacturers already went through this. No need to pay someone much money to predict the same thing for Li-ion manufacturers. Everything they say about overcapacity is pure speculation, at best. As long as mobile devices are growing, and more and more vehicles will have some type of hybrid powertrain, demand will go up. Of course, there is the shortage of Lithium, and maybe a better technology, but that is not what Roland Berger's interns wrote

  • Rando [h2]Coincidentally, the Rolls-Royce Cullinan is more than $41k as well -.-[/h2]
  • Ajla "Gee, wonder why car (as well as home) insurance rates are much higher in places like Florida..." Severe weather is on the list but even if a benevolent genie reverted the climate to circa 1724 I think FL would still have high cost. Our home insurance rates have increased 102% since 2021 and I don't think weather models account for that much of a change in that period. Florida's insurance assignment of benefit regulation meant that it had ~80% of the country's of the insurance lawsuits on ~12% of the nation's claims and litigated claims can be expensive to insurance companies. The state altered some regulations and is having some success on getting more companies back, even with the severe weather risks, through relatively bipartisan efforts. With car insurance just beyond the basic "Florida" stuff, the population increase of the past few years is overwhelming the roads. But, I think the biggest thing is we have very low mandated car insurance levels. Only $10K personal injury and $10K property damage. No injury liability needed. And 20% of the state has no insurance. So people that actually want insurance pay out the nose. Like I commented above my under/uninsured coverage alone is 2.5x my comprehensive & collision.
  • Juan Let's do an 1000 mile drive and see who gets there first.
  • Eliyahu CVT needed for MPG. Outback is indeed the legacy of, err, the Legacy.
  • Gayneu I can comment on these. My wife always thought the Minis were "cute" so I bought her a used 2005 (non-S, 5 speed) for one of her "special" birthdays. She loved it and I kinda did too. Somehow a hole developed in the transmission case and the fluid drained out, ruining the car (too expensive to fix). A local mechanic bought it for $800.We then bought a used 2015 S (6 speed) which we still have today (80k miles). Her sister just bought a used S as well (also manual). It has been a dependable car but BMW-priced maintenance and premium gas hurts for sure. I think the earlier generation (like in the article) were better looking with cleaner lines. The 2015 S rides too stiff for me (Chicago roads) but is a hoot on smooth ones. It does seem to shift weird - its hard to describe but it shifts differently from every other manual I have driven. No matter how hard I try, so won't let go of her Mini.