Ford E-Transit Going Postal
The United States Postal Service (USPS) has announced an order for over 9,000 all-electric vans from the Ford Motor Company – presumably to help settle some of the drama surrounding the selected replacement for the venerable Grumman LLV.
Environmental regulators and the Biden administration had sought to encourage the Postal Service to embrace electric vehicles – which was part of the White House’s plan to transition government fleets away from internal-combustion engines. However, the USPS ultimately settled on Oshkosh Defense’s Next Generation Delivery Vehicle (NGDV).
While similar to the ancient Grumman LLV in terms of overall design and the fact that they’re both products fielded by defense contractors, the Oshkosh NGDV comes in four unique flavors split between battery electric, internal combustion, and whether or not the unit possesses all-wheel drive. But the USPS noted in 2021 (shortly after the contract was granted) that only about 10 percent of the fleet would end up being EVs. The stated reason, according to statements made by Postmaster General Louis DeJoy before the United States House of Representatives, was that the USPS would need several billion additional dollars to build the supportive infrastructure required to field a lot of EVs. There were likewise concerns that battery-powered vehicles would be a poor choice for extended routes and colder climates.
Electrified variants of the NGDV were also assumed to cost more upfront than gasoline-driven examples and it wasn’t even clear how long the lead-up time would be for Oshkosh to actually build them. So it prioritized the models that more closely resembled the venerable LLV. But you’ve probably noticed that your local post office doesn’t have many of those left. Despite living up to its namesake, the Grumman Long Life Vehicle ended up in use far longer than the government originally intended and had to be assisted by the occasional Mercedes Metris, Ford Transit, Ram ProMaster, or whatever else the USPS could get its hands on.
The Postal Service’s decision to buy 9,250 Ford E-Transits lays the groundwork to fulfill its December promise to add roughly 66,000 EVs into the mail fleet. With the Environmental Protection Agency, Biden administration, and corporate media all turning up the pressure, you could call this an appeasement. But it’s also fair to say that the USPS initially made it seem like it would be utilizing a lot more EVs than it eventually decided.
None of the vans are slated for active duty before December, as they have to be assembled in Kansas City and modified for the Postal Service. But they’ll be standard E-Transits internally – offering a 266-horsepower electric motor, rear-wheel drive, and a modest range of just 126 miles. As those forthcoming Fords will need a place to recharge overnight, the USPS has also confirmed it has ordered 14,000 charging stations from a trio of suppliers.
While it sounds as though the Postal Service has caved to the pressure, things are substantially more complicated.
As part of the E-Transit announcement, the USPS said it would likewise be purchasing an equal number of gasoline-powered vehicles from Stellantis – which is almost assuredly going to be the Ram ProMaster. Meanwhile, Congress passed a bill earmarking $50 billion in financial relief (over 10 years) for the USPS at the start of 2022. The White House followed up with an announcement of its own in December, stating that $3 billion in funding from the Inflation Reduction Act would go to the Postal Service so it could electrify 66,000 delivery vehicles and help the Biden administration keep its promise to eventually make all government vehicles EVs.
[Image: Jonathan Weiss/Shutterstock]
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