Ford Death Watch 46: The Toyotafication of Ford

Stein X Leikanger
by Stein X Leikanger
ford death watch 46 the toyotafication of ford

At one time, the nations of Europe took great pride in their cavalry divisions, horses and men numbering tens of thousands. Then Gatling gun made its debut, and all those horses and all that equipment became sausages and bric-a-brac. And so it is with the SUV. The Gatling gun of rising gas prices has laid waste to The Big 2.8's armies, throwing their plans into complete chaos. To its credit, Ford is attempting to regroup, rearm and re-engage. So how's it going?

Early days. Bad days. Light truck cash cows are queued-up at the slaughterhouse. Ford's leasing department is sending seas of rolling metal to auction to sell (or not) at bargain basement prices. FoMoCo Credit took a $294m hit in the second financial quarter, reversing last year's $112m profit. Ford's North American market share is now 14.4 percent, down 1.2 percent. On the revenue side, FoMoCo's North American Q2 results sank to $14.2b, down from last year's $19b take.

The bottom line: Ford booked a $8.7b loss for Q2. Downsizing accounts for the lion's share of that loss. Since 2005, Ford NA has closed 12 factories and eliminated 51k jobs or 38 percent of its workforce. The American automaker claims it's on track to reduce its annual operating costs by $5b by the end of 2008 (compared with 2005). That's some serious cost-cutting.

And it comes at a serious cost: some $700m per month, and rising. To pay the bills, Ford created a $26b war chest- mortgaging everything up to and including its logo. Equally important, the company gave itself serious reality check, in the form of Alan Mulally. "Adapt or die" may not be tattooed on the FoMoCo CEO's forehead, but it might as well be.

After contemplating the numbers, Mike Jackson praised Mulally's moves Fordward in yesterday's Guardian. The CEO of AutoNation says it's amazing to watch the speed at which Ford has slashed production and begun switching from trucks to cars. "The old Detroit [GM?] would have taken ages to come to terms with this," he opined.

"This" is the need for small, competitive, profitable products in the North American market. It's that last element that's caused Ford's corporate culture conniptions.

Mulally is up against Old Detroit, right there in his own office. During Thursday meetings, the former Boeing exec heard the "can't make money on small cars" mantra so often he [almost literally] hit his execs over the head with a simple stat. Worldwide, large cars account for 15 percent of the market. Small cars account for 60 percent of units sold.

FoMoCo NA suits' recalcitrance is understandable. The American car market was founded on cheap gas. To suggest that the U.S. market will soon mirror its overseas equivalents requires a paradigm shift in thinking, and a leap of faith. And, again, there is that thorny question of profitability. Decades of failure have taught Motown small cars equal small profits.

Mulally is counting on replicating Toyota's success. Ford's "global platform" strategy: simplify products and production on a worldwide basis, then leverage the resulting economies of scale to reap massive profits. It's a good plan- if only because Toyota's already made it work. But there are several rocks upon which Mulally's vision may founder.

Toyota's American adventure was hardly an overnight success. In fact, their success still depends on long-term, long-haul thinking. The first fruits of Mulally's global plan– the Euro-designed mass market models– arrive in two year's time. Given Ford's parlous finances, they may have one chance to "get it right:" to adapt (or not) these cars for American tastes. History suggests staving off the beancounters will be a "challenge." And if you doubt the importance of trial and error, have a look at the first generation Toyota Prius.

There's also the question of branding. What is a Ford? It will have to be something that applies across its model range that commands a premium price. Toyota owns reliability. Style, safety, green, fuel economy, gizmos, driving pleasure? Ford's three-pronged "Drive" campaign indicates a bad case of ADD. In that same vein, Ford has too many models. Simply adding European-style vehicles to a bloated product portfolio will not help.

Equally worrying: Mercury. The latest product announcements contain an unspecified role for Jill Wagner's brand. That's not good. Mercury blurs the branding message for both Ford and Lincoln, and stops both brands from seeking sales in the near-luxury middle ground. It may be cheaper to keep Mercury than kill it, it may even deliver profits/volume for Lincoln dealers, but it's the wrong thing to do.

At a recent town hall-style meeting, a Ford worker suggested that making small cars was a money-losing proposition. "Why can't we make money on small cars?" Mr. Mulally demanded. "Do you think Toyota can't make money on small cars?" The question is, can Ford be Toyota?

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  • JuniorMint JuniorMint on Jul 29, 2008
    Dynamic88 : 3. Re: moving from Detroit. This whole geography imperils creativity thing is a crock. I live in Mich., and have visited Ohio numerous times. You can take it from me, Ohio is every bit as bland, if not more so. As a Chicagoan, Michigan has always baffled me. I have spent extensive time in both Michigan and Georgia, and in both states I have had moments where I forget which one I'm in. Unique to Michigan, however, were two incidents involving enraged local idiots and my Scion xB. I have taken to parking it in my sight at all times while visiting the state, due to the number of threats of vandalism for driving a "Jap car" that "a real truck would crush like a tin can." Uh, a) wrong, and b) maybe if your company made vehicles more like my "Jap car," YOU'D HAVE A JOB RIGHT NOW. Bitterness aside, these were in regions nowhere near Detroit. I have a feeling this is the self-destructive, insulating mindset that our domestic automotive execs are surrounded by. If so: get them out of Detroit, indeed!

  • Geotpf Geotpf on Jul 29, 2008

    Mercury is a problem. You can't kill it, because you would kill Lincoln in the process (all the Lincoln-Mercury dealers would close if they lost 50% of their sales). But it doesn't sell well enough to give it really unique product. So, it gets Fords with more chrome that sticker for a grand more. Now, this isn't bad in terms of short-term profits, in fact it's quite good, but it does mean it becomes more and more meaningless over time. But that's the only route Ford really can take-keep it alive but not give it anything unique. They really don't have a choice.

  • Make_light I drive a 2015 A4 and had one of these as a loaner once. It was a huge disappointment (and I would have considered purchasing one as my next car--I'm something of a small crossover apologist). The engine sounded insanely coarse and unrefined (to the point that I wasn't sure if it was poor insulation or there was something wrong with my loaner). The seats, interior materials, and NVH were a huge downgrade compared to my dated A4. I get that they are a completely different class of car, but the contrast struck me. The Q3 just didn't feel like a luxury vehicle at all. Friends of mine drive a Tiguan and I can't think of one way in which the Q3 feels worth the extra cost. My mom's CX-5 is better than either in every conceivable way.
  • Arthur Dailey Personally I prefer a 1970s velour interior to the leather interior. And also prefer the instrument panel and steering wheel introduced later in the Mark series to the ones in the photograph. I have never seen a Mark III or IV with a 'centre console'. Was that even an option for the Mark IV? Rather than bucket seats they had the exceptional and sorely missed 60/40 front seating. The most comfortable seats of all for a man of a 'certain size'. In retrospect this may mark the point when Cadillac lost it mojo. Through the early to mid/late 70's Lincoln surpassed Cadillac in 'prestige/pride of place'. Then the 'imports' took over in the 1980s with the rise of the 'yuppies'.
  • Arthur Dailey Really enjoying this series and the author's writing style. My love of PLC's is well known. And my dream stated many times would be to 'resto mod' a Pucci edition Mark IV. I did have a '78 T-Bird, acquired brand new. Preferred the looks of the T-Bird of this generation to the Cougar. Hideaway headlights, the T-Birds roof treatment and grille. Mine had the 400 cid engine. Please what is with the engine displacements listed in the article? I am Canada and still prefer using cubic inches when referencing any domestic vehicles manufactured in the 20th century. As for my T-Bird the engine and transmission were reliable. Not so much some of the other mechanical components. Alternator, starter, carburetor. The vehicle refused to start multiple times, usually during the coldest nights/days or in the most out of the way spots. My friends were sure that it was trying to kill me. Otherwise a really nice, quiet, 'floaty' ride, with easy 'one finger' steering and excellent 60/40 split front seat. One of these with modern mechanicals/components would be a most excellent highway cruiser.
  • FreedMike Maybe they should buy Twitter now.
  • FreedMike A lot of what people are calling "turbo lag" may actually be the transmission. In this case, Audi used a standard automatic in this application versus the DSG, and that makes a big difference. The pre-2022 VW Arteon had the same issue - plenty of HP, but the transmission held it back. If Audi had used the DSG, this would be a substantially quicker, more engaging car. In any case, I don't get these "entry lux" compact CUVs (think: Cadillac XT4, Lexus NX, BMW X1, etc). If you must have a compact CUV, I can think of far better options for a lot less money. And, no, the Tiguan isn't one of them - it has the Miller-cycle 2.0T, so it's a dog. But a Mazda CX-30 with the 2.5T would fit the bill.