Opinion: EVs Should Not Get More Government Incentives
The current $7,500 Federal electric vehicle tax incentive could get a boost to $12,500 if the “Clean Energy for America” bill ever makes its way to reality – but it’s absolutely the wrong way to go, in my opinion. And, I know – “Who cares what Jo thinks about EV incentives,” right? Right –except that very, very few people in the industry have as much “green cred” as I do, so maybe you’ll want to give this one a read.
WHAT QUALIFIES AS GREEN CRED
You’re not hallucinating. That is, indeed, Leslie Nielsen unironically (and, hilariously) hawking a Warren Mosler-built Consulier GTP convertible in the pages of the Neiman Marcus catalog. And, yes, it does indeed say “Solar Electric” on the … I guess that’s the hood? Let’s go with hood.
This ad is relevant because, a long, long time ago, I was lucky enough to work for Warren and beyond lucky enough to actually drive some of these fantastic cars – including one of the early US Electricar GTPs. This was the 90s, and these guys were talking about how the battery tech was too far away to make the cars practical, but also talking about things like range-extending generators to keep power flowing on longer trips while taking advantage of electric motors’ low-end torque … all stuff that’s familiar now, almost 30 years later, but seemed like the stuff of fantasy to me, back then.
A few years later –and just a few miles up the road from the old Mosler Auto Care Center – I was at RENNtech, building one of the first hybrid show cars for Mercedes-Benz that would, eventually, go on to win a couple of awards at SEMA.
It was around that time that I met a guy named Nick Chambers, who asked a whole lot of questions about how the RENNtech-built hybrid powertrain worked before eventually telling me, “You actually explain this quite well, do you want to just write the article? I’ll publish it under your name.”
That was in 2008, and I started writing for Nick’s blog, first. Then another one. Then a few more, all while building and racing cars running CNG and ethanol. I was tuning on alternative fuels because, well – I didn’t really believe that electric cars were going to “win” the future. I thought biofuels had a real chance, especially biodiesel, right up until they didn’t.
These days, my 9-5 involves training car dealers to sell EVs by helping to develop tools that explain “electric fuel” in a way that’s easy to understand and simple enough to communicate without the need for engineering jargon and memorization.
So, green cred = nearly 30 years playing with EVs, hybrids, and alt-fuel cars that absolutely did not suck. There’s no climate change denial here, no lack of familiarity with the concepts of the space, and I am very deeply invested in the success of electric vehicles in the marketplace.
Why do I, a consummate green-car guy, think these huge incentives to promote EV sales are a bad idea? I’m glad you asked!
THESE TAX CREDITS ARE DUBIOUSLY POLITICAL
Matt Posky outlined the proposed $12,500 tax credit very nicely in his own article on the matter and summed up his take nicely with the use of a burning pile of money as the featured image. But there’s a passage in his article that I think is worth repeating here.
“While the $7,500 tax credit persists, the bill now adds special exemptions depending on how the vehicle is manufactured,” explains Posky. “For example, the government will tack on another $2,500 if final assembly takes place inside the United States and another $2,500 if the factory in question happens to be represented by a union.” (Emphasis mine.)
This is one of those perfect examples of concerning political language that just about everyone – regardless of whether you identify with the Republicans or Democrats – can take issue with. Huzzah!
On the one hand, that “final assembly” language is incredibly sketch. Does it include vehicles like the Ford Transit Connect , which are fully built in Turkey, then shipped to the US and partially disassembled in order to skirt the Chicken Tax? If you’re a free-market/Right to Work critic, you might argue that this language actually does very little to ensure that the legislation leads to more US-based manufacturing jobs. You might even argue that the government has effectively rewarded exactly the kind of tax-skirting action Ford is being accused of by giving them $2,500 per unit to help absorb the billion-dollars in fines they’re staring down over it.
If you’re a proponent of Right to Work, you might take issue with that second $2,500 bump specifically for union-built vehicles.
Want to buy a Tesla Model 3? They’re not a UAW manufacturer, so you don’t get the $2,500. Or, your $2,500 credit, depending on how you look at it. Want a Volvo C40 Recharge? A Mitsubishi? A BMW i, Mercedes EQS, or VW ID.4? No $2,500 for you, either.
That second one reads, to me, like a very public bribe being paid out to the UAW – and God bless ‘em, as far as I’m concerned. We don’t talk about the Battle of Blair Mountain enough, these days—but the guys and gals who led that bloody workers’ revolt against the Stone Mountain Coal Company had balls, and whoever wrote this sort of spineless, mealy-mouthed “something for them, something for us” piece of policy clearly does not.
Granted, almost all bipartisan legislation is weak sauce – but that would be forgivable if it was the worst part of these tax credits.
THESE TAX CREDITS HELP THE WRONG PEOPLE
The latest round of proposed EV tax credits imposes a $40,000 price cap on qualifying vehicles. If you’re curious about why they chose that $40,000 as the limit, it was almost certainly because the average transaction price of a new vehicle in 2020 was $40,000 according to Cox Automotive’s smart people. The problem? That’s nearly $10,000 more than the median annual income in the United States.
I don’t think you’ll find many financial planners out there telling you to spend 130 percent of your annual income on a new car, but that’s exactly the thinking that the people advocating for these kinds of new vehicle incentives seem to be pushing – and that means one of two things : either they’re truly clueless about how the bottom 50 percent of the population lives, or they don’t care.
I, admittedly, tend to fall on the “politicians don’t care about voters, they care about donors” side of these things. Even so, it seems to me that a better way to distribute these tax incentives would be to give individuals making less than $40,000 per year $12,500 to go buy an EV – any EV, not just a new one.
Doing so would, almost overnight, wipe out the national inventory of used Nissan LEAFs, Mercedes Bs, BMW i3s, etc., and transform the class of people least likely to buy an EV into the class of people most likely to buy an EV.
If you’re about upward mobility and social justice and the redistribution of resources, you have to kind of love that idea. If you’re genuinely interested in taking the most polluting, least safe vehicles off the road, you have to love that idea. If you believe that inner-city and low-income populations are disproportionately impacted by harmful vehicle emissions and air pollution you have to at least kind of like it a little. Heck, even if you already own an EV, you’d probably be happy about getting an extra few g’s out of it when it comes time to trade it in for a newer one.
I imagine the other side would argue that it’s unfair to reward failure or that brown people shouldn’t have EVs – but no opinion piece is really complete without a straw man or two thrown in, right?
But, obviously, I’m no policy expert. I’m sure I’m missing some super relevant and blatantly obvious argument that makes my idea seem laughable – so let’s hear it in the comments. You’re the Best and Brightest, after all, so scroll on down to the bottom of the article and tell us how you think those EV tax dollars might best be used in the comments.
[Lead Image: Michele Ursi/Shutterstock.com. All other images courtesy of the author.]
I've been in and around the auto industry since 1997, and have written for a number of well-known outlets like Cleantechnica, the Truth About Cars, Popular Mechanics, and more. You can also find me talking EVs with Matt Teske and Chris DeMorro on the Electrify Expo Podcast, writing about Swedish cars on my Volvo fan site, or chasing my kids around Oak Park.
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