Rare Rides: The Studebaker Avanti Story, Part I
Today’s Rare Ride is a design legend that was built for a very short while by Studebaker in South Bend, Indiana. One of those cars which just wouldn’t die, its two-year history of original manufacture was followed by about 43 years of sporadic independent production.
Onward, to Avanti!
In the early Sixties as the combined Studebaker-Packard company headed toward its final days, it commissioned an all-new coupe to succeed the various Hawk models marketed mostly by Studebaker and for a short while by Packard. The last of these was the Gran Turismo Hawk which concluded production in 1964, but it was essentially the same car Studebaker sold as the Starliner starting in 1953.
Said Starliner was a design by Raymond Loewy and Associates and the firm was hired once more to draw up a new coupe called Avanti. Heading a different direction to the Hawk, Avanti was aerodynamic, smooth, technologically advanced, and very fast. The new president of Studebaker, Sherwood Egbert, doodled a personal luxury coupe on the back of an envelope during a plane journey in 1961. He dreamt his company might throw down competition to Ford’s Thunderbird. Loewy filled in the design blanks, and the now-famous luxury coupe entered production in 1962. It was immediately notable for its sleek looks and considerable performance.
Fitted as standard to the Avanti was a 4.7-liter V8, which was good for 240 horsepower in standard guise. When equipped with the optional supercharger, the engine produced a whopping 289 horses. Paired to a three- or four-speed manual or a three-speed automatic, Avanti had a top speed of over 178 miles per hour from the factory. Studebaker took the Avanti to Bonneville Salt Flats, where it broke 29 world speed records. Avanti was hauled to a stop by Dunlop disc brakes at the front, a first in an American production car. It was also one of the earliest designs to feature a grille-free facade. The Avanti was light because it was made of fiberglass, its body produced in Ashtabula, Ohio by the same company that made the Corvette’s panels in 1953. Though steel was more desirable, it would’ve been too complex and too expensive given the Avanti’s shape.
At its debut on April 26, 1962, Studebaker proclaimed the Avanti “America’s most advanced automobile.” Excited orders for the Avanti poured forth. And though Studebaker planned to sell 20,000 its first year, there were several production issues at Ashtabula. Problems with fit and finish meant big delays, and reservation holders pulled out – probably to go buy a Thunderbird. As a result Studebaker made only 1,200 Avantis in the first year. Its second and final production year in 1963 less than 4,600 were completed. Studebaker closed down Avanti production on December 20th that year, and the company closed entirely in November 1967.
But the Avanti didn’t go away! Studebaker sold the tooling and space in its plant to two Studebaker dealers who almost immediately continued Avanti production. More on that in Part II.
Northeaster on Jun 26, 2021
Never an Avanti, but I do have fond memories of one of the Canadian built 65 or so Lark wagons that my dad bought used during the late 60's. Cute car with a GM 289 and a sliding hatch roof at the rear. Dad didn't do quite what you'd have liked about brake adjustment, though. Sitting at a stoplight on a steeper-than-you'd-like downhill about 50 yards from the local river, the brake pedal sank suddenly to the floor. As a 14 year old, I'd been doing high school weights and could leg press 400 lb: neither that nor pumping the pedal quite solved the problem. I was lucky enough to quickly discover the value of parking pawls and how a car can ring back and forth once you engage one while in motion...
Latest Car ReviewsRead more
Latest Product ReviewsRead more
- MaintenanceCosts We hear endlessly from the usual suspects about the scenarios where EVs don't work as well as gas cars. We never hear the opposite side of the coin. From an EV owner (since 2019) who has a second EV reserved, here are a few points the "I road trip 1000 miles every day" crowd won't tell you about:[list][*]When you have a convenient charging situation, EV fueling is more convenient than a gas car. There is no stopping at gas stations and you start every day with a full tank.[/*][*]Where there are no-idling rules (school pickup/dropoff, lines for ferries or services, city loading, whatever else) you can keep warm or cool to your heart's content in your EV.[/*][*]In the cold, EVs will give you heat from the second you turn them on.[/*][*]EVs don't care one bit if you use them for tons of very short trips. Their mechanicals don't need to boil off condensation. (Just tonight, I used my EV to drive six blocks, because it was 31 degrees and raining, and walking would have been unpleasant.)[/*][*]EVs don't stink and don't make you breathe carcinogens on cold start.[/*][*]EV maintenance is much less frequent and much cheaper, eliminating almost all items having to do with engine, transmission, or brakes in a gas car. In most EVs the maintenance schedule consists of battery coolant changes and tire maintenance.[/*][*]You can accelerate fast in EVs without noisily attracting the attention of the cops and every passerby on the street.[/*][/list]
- MaintenanceCosts Still can't get a RAV4 Prime for love or money. Availability of normal hybrid RAV4s and Highlanders is only slightly better. At least around here I think Toyota could sell twice the number of vehicles that they are actually bringing in at the moment.
- Tree Trunk Been in the market for a new Highlander Hybrid, it is sold out with order time of 6 months plus. Probably would have bit the bullet if it was not for the dealers the refuse to take an order but instead want to sell from allotment whether it fits or not and at thousands over MRSP.
- AKHusky The expense argument is nonsense. My mach e was $42k after tax credit. Basically the same as similarly equipped edge. And it completely ignores that the best selling vehicles are Rams, F150s, and Silverados, all more expensive that a bolt, MAch e or ID4. As an owner, I'd say they are still in second car territory for most places in the country.
- Johnster I live in a red state and I see quite a few EVs being purchased by conservative, upper-class Republicans (many of them Trump-supporters). I suspect that it is a way for them to flaunt their wealth and that, over time, the preference for EVs will trickle down to less well-off Republicans.