IIHS Recommends Putting Your Teen Behind the Wheel of the Largest Vehicle Possible

Matt Posky
by Matt Posky
iihs recommends putting your teen behind the wheel of the largest vehicle possible

Assuming you’re the sort of parent who’s willing and able to buy your child their first vehicle, you’ve probably made safety your top priority. While you could purchase a new vehicle with all the latest self-preservation tech, teens have a habit of scratching up cars. If you buy them an old clunker, they’ll learn a valuable lesson about the importance of auto maintenance but won’t be as protected when they crash into something — which they’re statistically more likely to do.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety recently updated its list of recommended vehicles for teens, promoting the “bigger is better” mentality. It claims an older, larger used vehicle is often a safer choice when compared to a newer small vehicle that costs roughly the same. While the institute’s suggestion makes sense, it’s also one step removed from recommending putting teenagers in armored personnel carriers.

“We know safety is just one of the factors people consider when choosing a vehicle, but we hope parents will give it extra consideration when purchasing a vehicle for a teenager,” said Jessica Cicchino, IIHS vice president for research. “Teen drivers are at greater risk, due to immaturity and inexperience behind the wheel.”

And the solution, according to the IIHS, is to give them routine access to hardware that can do some real damage on the open road. Were it up to this author, every new driver would be forced to drive a manual-transmission Geo Metro for a full year with a notice on the steering wheel explaining that the car will absolutely not protect them in the event of an accident. But that doesn’t sound particularly American, what with all the absent freedom and emphasis on communal safety.

“Bigger vehicles provide greater protection,” Cicchino continued. “If you’re riding in one of the smallest vehicles on the road, you’ll be at a disadvantage in a crash with almost any other vehicle around you.”

Hoping to better illustrate its point, the IIHS chucked disproportionately sized vehicles at each other at 40 mph. In the first test, a 2016 Kia Sorento and 2018 Kia Forte (which is an IIHS Top Safety Pick Plus awardee) went head-to-head. In the second test, the outlet used a 2015 Toyota Avalon and the pint-sized 2018 Toyota Yaris iA (which has an overall good safety rating). While the Forte and Yaris actually held up rather well structurally, their lack of mass still placed them at a severe disadvantage against the much larger models.

From IIHS:

Forces on the driver dummies in the smaller vehicles were much greater than those in the larger vehicles. Measurements indicated a high likelihood of head injuries for the driver of both the Yaris iA and the Forte in a real-world crash of the same severity. Right leg injuries would be likely in the Forte and possible in the Yaris iA. Neck and chest injuries would also be possible for drivers of both vehicles, and left leg injuries would be possible in the Forte.

In contrast, the Avalon and Sorento had mostly good injury measures, aside from a possible right leg injury in both.

The structures of the Forte, which weighs 928 pounds less than the Sorento, and the Yaris iA, which weighs 1,033 pounds less than the Avalon, didn’t hold up as well against the larger vehicles as in the car-to-barrier tests on which IIHS ratings are based.

The IIHS also recommends parents avoid any models that offer “excessive horsepower.” This seems like a no-brainer, as the temptation to treat the gas pedal the same way you would a light switch is far too tempting as a youngster. The IIHS says high-horsepower vehicles are more likely to exceed the posted speed limit, adding that powerful engines are “strongly associated with higher insurance losses.”

Another essential item for teens is standard electronic stability control. Unless you’re buying something truly vintage, you probably don’t have to worry about this one. ESC has been mandatory on all vehicles since 2012, and was already extremely common before then. Still, we’re of the mind that attentive parents probably know best. If you’ve imparted real knowledge onto your child and deemed them mature enough to handle a vehicle that isn’t loaded with aids and makes more than 150 hp, that’s your business.

However, if you’re not entirely convinced that you can trust them to behave behind the wheel, the IIHS has a laundry list of recommended models. Many come close to the $20,000 bracket, though alternatives exist with more reasonable price tags. The least expensive “Best Choice” was the 2005 Volvo XC90, which is estimated to set you back $3,700. Just make sure it has the base engine.

[Images: IIHS]

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  • Carguy67 Carguy67 on Nov 05, 2018

    re: "Were it up to this author, every new driver would be forced to drive a manual-transmission Geo Metro for a full year with a notice on the steering wheel explaining that the car will absolutely not protect them in the event of an accident." I taught my son to drive in a 1967 Austin-Healey 3000 (at least it had SOME power, and overdrive). When he first got behind the wheel I told him: "You have no crumple zones, no air bags, no ABS, no traction or stability control, and the seat belts are only there so the coroner can tell who was driving after the accident. The steering column is a javelin pointed at your chest. The only 'safety feature' in this car is you, the driver." I took him on a couple long cross-country drives so he got to experience all kinds of roads and conditions (no ice, unfortunately). He's been driving for 12 years now with nothing but a minor moving violation (illegal U-turn). Unfortunately, I couldn't get him interested in the other personal accountability training ground, general aviation. But he just got into Navy OCS so he should have some other cool toys to play with ;)

  • Markogts Markogts on Nov 06, 2018

    Is this IIHS advice based on some real-life statistics or just on a very superficial application of the third Newton's law under the hypothesis of spherical vehicles?

  • Jim Bonham Thanks.
  • Luke42 I just bought a 3-row Tesla Model Y.If Toyota made a similar vehicle, I would have bought that instead. I'm former Prius owner, and would have bought a Prius-like EV if it were available.Toyota hasn't tried to compete with the Model Y. GM made the Bolt EUV, and Ford made the Mach-E. Tesla beat them all fair and square, but Toyota didn't even try.[Shrug]
  • RHD Toyota is trying to hedge their bets, and have something for everyone. They also may be farther behind in developing electric vehicles than they care to admit. Japanese corporations sometimes come up with cutting-edge products, such as the Sony Walkman. Large corporations (and not just Japanese corporations) tend to be like GM, though - too many voices just don't get heard, to the long-term detriment of the entity.
  • Randy in rocklin The Japanese can be so smart and yet so dumb. I'm America-Japanese and they really can be dumb sometimes like their masking paranoia.
  • Bunkie The Flying Flea has a fascinating story and served, inadvertently, to broaden the understanding of aircraft design. The crash described in the article is only part of the tale.