Junkyard Find: 1948 Dodge Custom Sedan
For a few years after the end of World War II, Detroit's automakers sold mildly facelifted prewar designs while they made the switch back to peacetime production. Chrysler managed the feat for the 1949 model year; we admired a Plymouth Special Deluxe sedan from that year in a Colorado car graveyard last summer, and today we're going to take a look at an example of one of the last of the stopgap postwar Chrysler products: this '48 Dodge in a yard just south of Denver.
The Dodge of that period got this imposing slab of a rectangular grille and front fenders that extended into the front doors, while its cheaper Plymouth sibling got a more understated grille and shorter fenders.
The '48 Dodge looked old-fashioned in its day, and so I shot this photograph with an Ansco Memo camera (which was made to shoot then-cheap 35mm movie film) from the late 1920s.
Colorado Auto & Parts recently cleared out a remote storage yard, placing better than 100 vintage cars and trucks from the 1940s through the 1970s in the regular U-Pull-It inventory. That includes nearly two dozen 1964-1973 Ford Mustangs and Mercury Cougars, plus some fascinating European machinery. Look for more of this treasure trove in future articles from me.
It's nearly impossible to tell 1946, 1947 and 1948 Dodges apart, but the body number of this one says it's an early-model-year '48, built at the plant in Hamtramck, Michigan.
The 1948 Dodge came in two trim levels: DeLuxe and Custom. The metal trim around the windows says this is a Custom, the more upscale of the two.
The MSRP of a 1948 Dodge Custom four-door sedan was $1,788, or about $23,062 in 2023 dollars. Its Plymouth Special Deluxe counterpart started at just $1,529 ($19,722 after inflation).
This one has some pricey options, including an AM radio and a heater. Yes, heaters were considered frivolous luxuries by many buyers of affordable cars in the 1940s. Just wear warmer clothes for that drive across North Dakota in January!
Chrysler was still putting flathead engines in all of its North American-market cars and trucks in 1948. The overhead-valve Hemi V8 didn't show up until the 1951 model year (and didn't find its way into Dodge cars until 1954), and the overhead-valve Slant-6 didn't replace the flathead six in cars until the 1960 model year.
High-end Chrysler-badged models got straight-eight flatheads at this time, but 1948 Dodges got a 230-cubic-inch (3.8-liter) flathead six rated at 102 horsepower; the '48 Plymouths received the 217-cubic-inch (3.6-liter) version with 95 horses. This car's engine might be the original one, but swaps happened frequently with these cars.
Starting with the 1947 model year, Dodge cars got Chrysler's "Fluid Drive" transmission as standard equipment. This was a three-on-the-tree manual with a fluid coupling that required less use of the clutch pedal and fewer shifts. It wasn't an automatic, but it added a layer of idiot-proofing to the ordinary manual.
This car spent too many decades sitting outdoors to be worth restoring, especially given the relatively low value of immediate-postwar four-door sedans.
Some of its parts are in good enough condition to live on in other cars. I've already grabbed a few bits for my 1941 Plymouth project.
[Images: The author]
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