By on October 6, 2021

Today’s Rare Ride is technically our first ever motorcycle, even though it has four wheels. Called the Pulse, it kind of looks like someone cut the wings off a small plane.

Designed in Michigan and with a fiberglass body built in Iowa, the Litestar (later Pulse) was the sole product of the Owosso Motor Car Company. Owosso was founded by David Vaughn late in 1984 and was named after the city in which it was headquartered.

The complete name of Owosso’s car was Litestar GCRV, or Ground Cruising Recreational Vehicle. Technically a two-wheeled motorcycle, the Litestar featured two additional outrigger wheels, one at either side, that acted to provide balance when standing still or in a turn. Litestar’s overall length was 192 inches, with a width of 76 inches and an overall height of 54 inches. Two passengers sat in tandem inside the sliding plastic canopy of the Litestar, protected from the elements but probably quite hot on summer days. Given its lightweight fiberglass construction, the whole vehicle weighed just 1,000 pounds.

Though compliant with US federal regulations as a motorcycle, various states took issue with the Litestar. It was a motorcycle with a covered headlamp and (initially) no reverse gear, two big problems in New Jersey. There were also some apparent quality problems. 27 states in total have been willing to license a Litestar or Pulse.

Two different motorcycle engines were used in the Litestar, of 1,100 or 1,200 ccs in displacement and around 85 horsepower. All transmissions were five-speed and manual. The motorcycle mill meant a top speed of 130 miles per hour and 0 to 60 time of about 6.7 seconds.

Shortly after the Litestar entered production in 1985, Owosso founder David Vaughn found himself in several disagreements with the supplier of its bodies, Tomorrow Corp. Vaughn and Tomorrow had worked together for some time on a (similar looking) super-efficient autocycle concept called the BD 200 that never got off the ground. The two companies severed ties and Vaughn renamed the Litestar to Pulse in July 1985 – just 21 completed vehicles ever wore Litestar branding. Despite the almost immediate renaming, the autocycle became commonly known as the Pulse Litestar. The Pulse continued in production all the way through 1990, with a total run of roughly 347 examples.

Today’s tidy red Rare Ride was sold at Mecum in 2018 and featured a 1,100-cc BMW engine with a four-speed manual swap, and disc brakes. It was estimated to fetch between $25,000 and $35,000.

[Images: Owosso Motors, YouTube]

Become a TTAC insider. Get the latest news, features, TTAC takes, and everything else that gets to the truth about cars first by subscribing to our newsletter.

Get the latest TTAC e-Newsletter!

16 Comments on “Rare Rides: The 1986 Pulse Litestar Autocycle, Michigan’s Finest...”


  • avatar
    la834

    Reminds me of those tiny post-WW2 cars made by Messerschmitt and the like.

  • avatar
    FreedMike

    Pulse Litestar – the discreet orgasmic choice for women.

    Wait, wrong kind of product.

  • avatar
    Stanley Steamer

    It’s too large for what it is.

  • avatar
    SCE to AUX

    Note to Elio and Aptera: Here is a case history on how to turn your idea into a Rare Ride. Don’t do this.

  • avatar
    JMII

    Can you imagine your typical full size truck hitting one of these? Since it looks like a jet it should have an ejector seat instead of airbags to launch you safely away from the crash. In the first pic it shows a trailer… guess that was for your luggage/groceries.

  • avatar
    Syke

    Saw one of those at Daytona Bike Week about fifteen years ago. While definitely a neat piece of engineering, it was also one of those classic “answers to a question never asked”. Drivetrains were usually a BMW K-bike four cylinder with the engine flopped sideways. If the posting about it being a four speed transmission is correct, I’k wondering how they engineered that, as Bricks were invariably five speeds. A very good engine, though, as the K75C triple I had for many years amply demonstrated.

    Definitely nothing I’d want to ride. All the disadvantages of a car in traffic, while losing most of the advantages of a motorcycle. The outriggers were an absolute necessity, as there was no way for the rider, er, driver? to put his feet on the pavement.

    It’d be a hard sell as a ‘motorcycle’ nowadays. If it’s got a steering wheel, it’s a car, no matter how many wheels. As we keep trying to get thru to the idiots who show up for Wednesday Bike Night in their Slingshots.

  • avatar
    jpolicke

    Not seeing a lot of vents to bring in outside air. A long ride under the canopy on a summer day and you exit medium rare.

  • avatar
    28-Cars-Later

    Corey et al, help me not buy this:

    https://pittsburgh.craigslist.org/cto/d/cleveland-1990-cadillac-sedan-deville/7389965396.html

  • avatar
    plaincraig

    My Dad had one in white. Goldwing water cooled engine 5 speed I think and AC. It had a reverse electric motor that would chew up the back tire if it was wet. You would pull a lever and a gear would drop on the rear tire and try to turn it. We did 120 in it and had no problems with the ride. Would get followed around a lot by people and cops. One of the local channels even did an interview with my Dad about it. Would meet lots of girls when my Dad let me take it out,lots more then when I drove the 76 LTD

  • avatar
    Imagefont

    I saw one of these about ten years ago in traffic in Dallas. It was painted red, white and blue and looked like a fighter jet. It had little mock air to air missiles added to the “wings”. My reaction was “what in the tar-nation is that?” I remember that it seemed very, very long and must have been a joy to park. Not to mention the derision and ridicule and loss of social stature!

Read all comments

Back to TopLeave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Recent Comments

  • SoCalMikester: its not going to die after the warranty expires. if its an actual issue in the future itll be...
  • BSttac: Can’t wait to see all the recalls and service bulletins on this one just like the Bronco or Explorer or...
  • Inside Looking Out: I wonder why it is even in news. Absolutely pointless exercise in developing antiquated engines....
  • Inside Looking Out: Are you sure it’s not a Subarro?
  • Lou_BC: “Exactly what I said, you are not the type to defend what’s yours.” @CHIMP! Wow, just wow. You...

New Car Research

Get a Free Dealer Quote

Who We Are

  • Adam Tonge
  • Bozi Tatarevic
  • Corey Lewis
  • Mark Baruth
  • Ronnie Schreiber