Rare Rides: The Singular 1960 BMW 3200 Cabriolet Sedan

Corey Lewis
by Corey Lewis

Today’s Rare Ride is a coachbuilt one-of-one BMW. A rebodied conversion of the very luxurious 3200 sedan, it’s the only convertible BMW with four doors in existence.

What became the 502 (and subsequently 3200) started out in life as the 501. When it entered production in the fourth quarter of 1952, it carried a number of firsts for the brand: It was the company’s first post-WWII model, and the first built in Bavaria. Technically a mid-size car, the 501 and its variants were the most expensive cars BMW made at the time. An important car for the future of the Roundel.

Developed on a new platform, the 501 had a perimeter frame, torsion bars front and rear, and a live axle out back. In a unique engineering choice, the transmission was not attached to the engine, mounted instead toward the rear of the car. A column shifter directed the transmission via a complicated linkage system. A recipe for vague shifts, though front passengers gained more legroom. All 501s were powered by inline-six engines of around two liters of displacement. The only transmission on offer was a four-speed manual.

Though available with two doors as coupe or cabriolet, and with four doors as a sedan, BMW didn’t really want the 501 to look how it did. After its in-house design saw the light of day, BMW called Pininfarina and asked for a second take. However, when the Italian firm turned in its homework, it seemed too close to the new Alfa Romeo 1900. BMW’s designer was surely flattered when his original design was ultimately chosen for production.

The 501’s success lead BMW to develop a new, range-topping V8 version. This more luxurious 502 was ready for production in 1954 and carried an all-new overhead valve V8. With an aluminum alloy block and cast iron cylinder liners, its initial displacement of 2.5 liters generated 100 horsepower. In short order, the V8 was further developed into a 3.2-liter version (140 hp), which saw use in five more versions of the 502. The models carried different names dependent upon market, and were eventually called 3.2 or 3200. One of the fastest sedans in the world, the 502 had a top speed of around 115 miles an hour.

Some time after the V8 debuted, German coachbulder Autenrieth gained an interest in the 3200. Using a sedan chassis, Autenrieth designed a more upright and modern looking body for its convertible four-door. Gone were the sweeping fenders over each tire and the sloped trunk, and in their place a more aerodynamic, cohesive shape. It looked more like a BMW sedan from five years in the future. They only made one.

Done in purple paint over cream leather, the 3200 was displayed at Pebble Beach in 2016. It’s for sale now in Austria, but the price is only available upon request.

[Images: seller]

Corey Lewis
Corey Lewis

Interested in lots of cars and their various historical contexts. Started writing articles for TTAC in late 2016, when my first posts were QOTDs. From there I started a few new series like Rare Rides, Buy/Drive/Burn, Abandoned History, and most recently Rare Rides Icons. Operating from a home base in Cincinnati, Ohio, a relative auto journalist dead zone. Many of my articles are prompted by something I'll see on social media that sparks my interest and causes me to research. Finding articles and information from the early days of the internet and beyond that covers the little details lost to time: trim packages, color and wheel choices, interior fabrics. Beyond those, I'm fascinated by automotive industry experiments, both failures and successes. Lately I've taken an interest in AI, and generating "what if" type images for car models long dead. Reincarnating a modern Toyota Paseo, Lincoln Mark IX, or Isuzu Trooper through a text prompt is fun. Fun to post them on Twitter too, and watch people overreact. To that end, the social media I use most is Twitter, @CoreyLewis86. I also contribute pieces for Forbes Wheels and Forbes Home.

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  • Conundrum Conundrum on Feb 04, 2020

    BMW almost went bankrupt around 1959. Blunderbusses like this featured car and its lesser siblings were very, very expensive and didn't sell; they were also well out-of-date by the end of the decade. Their bubble car Isettas and a rear engine minicar made no real profit. The Quandt family bought them out in 1960 and funded the design of a car of medium size for the time, the 1500, (bigger than the well-known later 2002) and luckily for them it worked out and sold well. Bad geometry trailing swing-arm rear suspension and sudden rear end breakaway were thus upon us and lasted nearly 30 years. It was the cheapest way to go for a double-jointed axle, and lots of other manufacturers did the same thing, but didn't hang on to the idea for virtually ever. Snow and BMWs were incompatible back in the '70s and '80s and into the early '90s round these parts - they were first class ditch hunters, snow tires and all. The 1965 Corvair rear suspension after GM woke up following Nader was a far more advanced design.

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    • Arthur Dailey Arthur Dailey on Feb 05, 2020

      @Conundrum: Excellent summary. We have many who were too young to remember or to be there, who criticize (sometimes fairly, sometimes not) Malaise Era PLC's and domestic luxury sedans, yet don't realize how European vehicles were regarded by the majority of North American consumers. And there were some valid reasons for consumers in the 1960's/70's to consider BMW's as being a 'notch below' our domestic land yachts. I used to dread the first snowfall every winter. Would invariably be stuck behind some BMW or Mercedes that could not make it up a highway exit, overpass, bridge over a highway, or similar rather simple slope.

  • Roberto Esponja Roberto Esponja on Feb 05, 2020

    Would be nice if pics of the sides and back of it had been included in the article.

  • Kars This article was about Ford not Tesla - you are clearly confused.
  • Ollicat Those are individual charging stations vs entire gas stations that have 8 - 16 pumps. And gas stations take 3 minutes to fill vs 30 min to hours for a charging station. And gas pumps are much more likely to be working vs charging statins. Nice try with more propaganda though.
  • Richard Poore Sure, as the article itself notes (hence my ire) California has mandated that all new vehicles sold in state be EV by 2035. They require EV or hybrid by 2026. Since the author admits to this mandate it seems that the article title is clickbait... was really hoping that there was some sort of changes in the CA position since the state is sorely behind on where they need to be with charging stations for this sort of requirement.
  • VoGhost When will Audi eliminate the fake, oversized grills that impede aerodynamics?