Car Collector's Corner: This WWII Willy's Jeep Is a Documented D-Day Survivor

J Sutherland
by J Sutherland

D-Day (June 6 1944) was a turning point in WW II. 160,000 Allied ground troops hit the beach that day and casualties were high.

This Willys Jeep survived that day.

The two key experiences in the world of automotive journalism are seeing an old vehicle in person and learning about that vehicle through a question and answer session. This Jeep was magic in both areas.

It’s hard to explain how humbling it was to actually climb around this Jeep, because there is such a sense of history contained in this unassuming vehicle. 99 out of 100 Jeeps are a “tribute” to the real battle machines and typically, they’ll be based on a vehicle that saw no combat duty. The equipment is historically correct, but the result is more like a 440 6 pack stuffed under the hood of a 1970 Satellite that came with a 318.

This Jeep is a documented “on the beaches of Normandy” survivor in the truest sense of the word, because many of these land vehicles were targeted and sunk long before they hit dry land. Those that did make it to shore became target practice, so the odds were against this Jeep the day it was loaded on the transport in England.

Anyone with a smattering of history is profoundly humbled by the knowledge that a lot of guys who saw this Jeep in action didn’t make it back.

Stew Geekie is the current owner/caretaker of this incredible piece of history. He owes it to a combination of diplomacy and luck as he explained,

“I already had a few Willys and my wife told me I didn’t need another Jeep so I told her Valentine’s Day and her birthday was coming up so now she tells everybody it’s her Jeep.”

Stew is well connected in the vintage Willys world, and one of his goals was to own a 2nd World War Jeep. Three years ago a colleague aimed him at one in Washington State with an impressive history.

The last owner was an airline pilot with some idiosyncratic hobbies. He collected cars and weapons in no particular order, so when his family had an estate auction in California, many of his weapons were turned back at the border because they were illegal. Happily, the Jeep came back to Washington too because the reserve wasn’t met.

That’s where Stew entered the picture. The pilot’s estranged family had no interest in the Jeep, and they were three days away from selling his property. The property itself was a three level house with 3600 square feet on each level. It had vehicles on every level including Mustangs and exotic sports cars, but the Jeep was stuffed in the basement beside the indoor rifle range.

Stew admitted, “I got it on a bit of a fire sale because they had to get rid of it and they only had 3 days. I was in the right place at the right time.” He wasn’t sure whether it was his wife Donna’s birthday or anniversary present but he is sure that “it’s her Jeep.”

Stew is a detail guy, so he’s a bipedal encyclopedia about this Jeep’s history. The first thing he pointed out was the broken circle around the star on the hood. He explained: “That broken circle means it was at Normandy.”

He then went into detail on this Jeep. The rifle scabbard dated back to the Civil War:

“They used it right up to World War II. That’s the same scabbard that the Cavalry would have used in the Civil War, Battle of Little Big Horn and World War One. The only difference is that it’s on a Jeep, not a horse.”

The gas tank is under the driver’s seat, and Stew outlined the problems with that design:

“The Germans knew where the tank was so the used to shoot at it and light up the Jeep and the driver. Plus the driver had to get out to fuel the Jeep because you had to lift the seat so they used to grumble about that.”

Later on they figured out how to solve the problem as Stew said, “They moved the pioneer tools, the axe and the pick, to the passenger side so then they could fuel it like NASCAR with a filler tube and the driver didn’t have to move. The only time he had to move after that was to grab a map or blanket because they used to stuff them under the seat for padding.”

This Jeep saw night duty because it has the blackout lights. Stew explained how those worked:

“They traveled in convoy and basically all they could see was 2 feet in front so they drove by feel. They had a way of triangulating the point where the lights met so they could judge distance so you say the point met at 50 feet, 25 feet, whatever they adjusted them to judge distance between vehicles.”

General Patton was obsessed with stealth operations, so he insisted on the no-reflection rule. That meant several things including draping the burlap camouflage over the roof and on the glass. Stew was extremely proud of the burlap because, as he explained, “that stuff disappeared after the war, it’s pretty hard to find.”

GIs had another way to get by the reflection rules. Stew said,” They traveled with the windshield down so they could get a shot away without glass in the way but the Germans figured that out too, so they strung wire across the road at a neck high level. That’s why that big wire cutter led the way.”

The Jeep had another link to the past in the form of a water bag. Stew explained, “These were used by the Calvary to feed their horses, but by 1944 they were used to haul water for radiators.”

The fire extinguisher is another piece of history. Stew explained, “They used carbon tetrachloride back then, it’s extremely banned now.”

Handles were another feature on these Willys Jeeps, and any veteran can tell you how many times they lifted one of these little mules out of mess.

Stew explained why this Jeep stayed in Europe after the war:

“They gave a lot of their surplus equipment to the Allies after the war, so this one ended up in France. In 1961 it was completely rebuilt on a French assembly line. They’d send it in at one end as a worn out Jeep and it would come out the other end as a Jeep. There’s a plaque on the dash that gives all the details.”

Surprisingly, Stew has never driven the Jeep any distance because he’s too tall. He explained, “The average soldier was only 5 foot 7 in World War II so the pedals are too high for me and I have trouble getting behind the wheel easily and the shift lever gets in the way.”

The last stop for the Jeep was the Philippines and that’s where the travels ended for this historical little workhorse. Stew pointed to the registration plaque and added, “It came home after that.”

That brought this icon of World War II full circle and fortunately this Normandy Jeep is in the hands of a knowledgeable and skilled caretaker.

It deserved it.

For more of J Sutherland’s work go to mystarcollectorcar.com

J Sutherland
J Sutherland

Online collector car writer/webmaster and enthusiast

More by J Sutherland

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  • Charlesmpepper Charlesmpepper on Sep 23, 2012

    Yup to above. Have to careful fueling, overfill and you spill, you got gas fumes for abit. Wife jams me on that. Don't have the history on mine, last owner said it was on okinawa, nothing to indicate it though.

  • Jgawne Jgawne on Jun 27, 2013

    Either someone mis understood something, or I have a bridge in Brooklyn to sell you. I have owned 2 WW2 jeeps, and have been writing about the US Army in WW2, with an emphasis on D-day (Spearheading D-day), and there is not one thing in this entire article that would make me think for a second that this jeep is a D-day vet. None, nada, zip. In fact there are things that would make me quite sure it was not. They did not bring jeeps back from Europe and reship them to the Pacific. Jeeps stayed there and went to various foreign nations, UNRRA, and eventually to civilians. The ONLY way to prove a jeep was there is a rock solid provenance, which would generally include finding the unit markings on the bumpers, which clearly this is not painted up as a D-day vehicle. The only known jeep that we know of that came in close to the landing is the 'Vixen Tor' General Gerhardt's (29th Inf Div CO) which is housed in the 5th Regt Armory in Baltimore. Serial and registration number can't be used to track a vehicle- they did not keep those records. There are cases of jeeps having a paper trail going back to where they were bought (and some did come from Europe privately), but those have paperwork. So whatever anyone may like to think- This is NOT a D-day jeep. I would be surprised if it was even in the ETO if it was found in the Phillipines. There's a lot more that is wrong with the article, but I'll assume the writer wasn't listening very carefully.

    • Jgawne Jgawne on Jun 27, 2013

      I missed the French Army rebuild tag bit- so OK, it was in France. However if it was rebuilt, there's no way to know if the hood, or bumper, or seat, or radiator were original to the vehicle, spare parts, or stripped off a scrapped vehicle. But again, there is NOT ONE THING in this article that even remotely hints that this keep was in Normandy. And if that is the title of the article it is kind of important.

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