Odd Couplings: GM To Buy 7 Percent Of PSA? What For?

Bertel Schmitt
by Bertel Schmitt
odd couplings gm to buy 7 percent of psa what for

Hear that chafing sound? It is analysts scratching their heads. They wonder why in the world would GM buy 7 percent of France’s PSA Peugeot Citroen. Bloomberg says this is about to happen. Neither GM nor PSA wants to confirm the deal. However, Bloomberg already has intricate details of the planned transaction, someone seems to be talking on deep dark background. Sounds like the odd couple is about to do it.

The question remains: Why? Analysts are hard pressed to come up with a logical reason for a tie-up. The biggest problem of both: Too many workers, too many factories, not enough sales. LMC Automotive in Oxford, UK, puts the capacity utilization of PSA’s European plants at 62 percent, and that of Opel at 74 percent. Traditional industry benchmarks require capacity utilization of better than 80 percent as a prerequisite of profitable production. An alliance between two ailing businesses does not produce a healthy one. Car consultant Maryann Keller told Bloomberg: “What in the world do you get by buying a tiny stake of a French company where you could never lay anybody off or close a factory?”

GM lost $747 million in Europe in 2011, where losing money has a great tradition for the General. It is GM’s 12th annual loss in a row. So far, GM has lost $12.4 billion in Europe, and there is no end in sight.

PSA’s track record is less bleak. Europe’s second largest car company made money in 2010, lost money in 2009, made money in 2008. Recently, PSA has been engaged in a frenzied sell-off of assets. It looks like they are raising money in a hurry.

Both are looking at a Europe that is about to contract. PSA is heavily exposed to the troubled Mediterranean parts of Europe. Both have been hemorrhaging market share in Europe.

All kinds of reasons are being presented for the alliance that just won’t make sense: Diesel engines, light commercials, joint sourcing of parts. None of these create the desired slap the forehead effect. I guess we’ll get a convincing reason if the deal indeed goes ahead.

Any better ideas, Best & Brightest?

Join the conversation
2 of 48 comments
  • Hank Hank on Mar 07, 2012

    I thought they killed off "Old GM", so this must be the Old GM Zombie Apocalypse.

  • Mertcft Mertcft on Jun 25, 2012

    i tell you why they bought it.. PSA had a joint venture with BMW in Munich called BPCE (BMW Peugeot Citroen Electrification) and they were all working on electric vehicle concepts which will be used by BMW and PSA group vehicle in the near future. With this buy out GM has made this alliance go down and at the moment BMW hybrid vehicle projects are a mess and till the next move bmw has ruled out on the electromobility game in europe. on the other hand volkswagen group is doing its own development on electromobility still full gas. so PSA was a good move for GM to buy the PSA equity just a little less than peugeot family. GM will sel its electromobility know how to PSA and develop them further in europe. in that case PSA will be the only oponent in front of VW in europe without bmw in the game..

  • Probert There's something wrong with that chart. The 9 month numbers for Tesla, in the chart, are closer to Tesla's Q3 numbers. They delivered 343,830 cars in q3 and YoY it is a 40% increase. They sold 363,830 but deliveries were slowed at the end of the quarter - no cars in inventory. For the past 9 months the total sold is 929,910 . So very good performance considering a major shutdown for about a month in China (Covid, factory revamp). Not sure if the chart is also inaccurate for other makers.
  • ToolGuy "...overall length grew only fractionally, from 187.6” in 1994 to 198.7” in 1995."Something very wrong with that sentence. I believe you just overstated the length by 11 inches.
  • ToolGuy There is no level of markup on the Jeep Wrangler which would not be justified or would make it any less desirable [perfectly inelastic demand, i.e., 'I want one']. Source: My 21-year-old daughter.
  • ToolGuy Strong performance from Fiat.
  • Inside Looking Out GM is like America, it does the right thing only after trying everything else.  As General Motors goes, so goes America.