Editorial: Detroit Bailout = Thermonuclear, Intergalactic Trade War

editorial detroit bailout thermonuclear intergalactic trade war

There may be another nasty aspect to the bailout: a full-scale trade war, launched by countries that don’t (or even do) bail out their auto industries themselves. Bloomberg writes that “a U.S.-triggered spate of global carmaker-bailout proposals may spark trade disputes over whether the Americans are unfairly trying to subsidize their industry.” Egged-on by the US bailout money that may, or may not, or may, or may not be in the offing, manufacturers all over the globe are holding up their tin cups. At the same time, the European Union threatens to lodge a complaint against any U.S. bailout on the grounds that it’s unfair to the auto makers in the rest of the world, not to mention Renault, Fiat, Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW et al. China also may complain, although their complaints will ring a bit hollow, as the government owns most of the big automakers already. Probably won’t stop them. “Now that we are in the WTO, we might as well use it.” Payback is a bitch.

The U.S. has long bitched about foreign governments subsidizing their industries. Airbus comes to mind. GM, Ford and Chrysler never missed a chance to kvetch about unfair state-financed health-care, retirement benefits, currency policies and whatnot. (Did they/could they build American products specifically tuned to these “exclusionary” markets at a price the locals could afford? China JVs excepted, they did not.) During his presidential campaign, Senator Obama complained that South Korea created disadvantages for American car makers– even as GM imported Korean-made Aveos to bolster their otherwise impoverished small car lineup.

If you think that all this xenophobic, America-first rhetoric was lost on foreign automakers and governments, think again. An American bailout package will be taken apart– and to court– if it violates WTO rules. How could it not? Under these rules, certain kinds of subsidies are allowed. For instance those to protect the environment (hence the additional green sheen on most offers of green). Other subsidies–specifically the alteration of the U.S. Department of Energy’s fuel-efficiency -oriented $25b loans for “liquidity-enhancement”– are completely against WTO law.

If other countries do give bail money, then it’s “stones and glass houses,” according to Garel Rhys, professor of automotive economics at Cardiff Business School in Wales “Everybody has been at this game for their own interests; nobody is pure.” Anti-bailout-warfare could be complicated by the industry’s web of cross-border subsidiaries. Imagine: Germany closes down Opel in retaliation to US bailout of GM, and then sends money to save Opel’s jobs. War is hell.

However, the European Union’s antitrust chief Neelie Kroes admonishes the bloc’s 27 nations to avoid the “costly trap of a subsidy race” that would give some countries unfair advantages. If his warnings are heeded, the coast would be clear for a backlash against American bailouts. As noted in today’s WAS, Ford Germany is not eager for government Euros. Even Opel did a sudden 180, and said they didn’t really mean it. Any politically motivated bailout, such as from Opel’s home state Hessen, could be withdrawn with no political backlash: “Brussels made us do it.” Noses clean, Europe could use the WTO to kick Detroit while Detroit is down.

Already, proponents of intergalactic trade warfare are building a fifth column stateside. David Littmann, economist for the Mackinac Center for Public Policy in Michigan, calls the U.S. bailout a “hypocrisy at the economic level and the political level. We tell others to open up their markets and reduce barriers, and we are doing the opposite.” A WTO wrench thrown into the slow-moving gears of Washington. What’s the next chapter in that saga? Chapter 11? Or skip back to Chapter 7?

Join the conversation
2 of 17 comments
  • CRConrad CRConrad on Nov 25, 2008

    B. S. writes some:

    European Union’s antitrust chief Neelie Kroes admonishes [...] If his warnings are heeded...HIS warnings??? Mein lieber Herr Schmitt, I think Frau Kroes would not appreciate being taken for a bloke. HTH! C.R.C.

  • TireGuy TireGuy on Nov 28, 2008
    dwford : November 22nd, 2008 at 7:53 am Oh, wait. We have the most open market in the world, allow any nation come come dump whatever products they produce with slave labor and wages - killing our homegrown manufacturing base, but when our government considers a rare subsidy for one of our industries, the world is going to bitch??!! Congress should pass a reciprocal trade law that says our trade barriers will duplicate the other nations. If a nation has high tariffs on a US import, we would have an equal tariff on their exports to us. Our current problems stem partially from our gross over consumption of cheap shit from overseas anyway. If the DVD player goes up $20, so be it. The US has been on the forefront in the last 50 years to tell other countries to open up. Once open, US companies started entering the markets, crushing local companies. Any counteracts have been regarded by the US as unfair trade. Protection of markets was not allowed. The EU has consequently opened up already since long. Subsidies are very much limited, and closely watched by the commission. Other countries have opened as well, as consequence of WTO. Now, suddenly, when the US finds out it has not adopted itself to globalization, now suddenly free competition is bad? This is really hypocrysy at its best. I hope Congress will have enough balls to tell the D3 to get lost and rearrange themselves through CH11. Any other solution is extremely unfair to other car manufacturers around the world which have cut in the last years their workforce, have developed fuel efficient cars which look nice and reliable and are therefore today in a position to simply compete better on their merits than the D3.

  • Ronnie Schreiber Hydrocarbon based fuels have become unreliable? More expensive at the moment but I haven't seen any lines gathering around gas stations lately, have you? I'm old enough to remember actual gasoline shortages in 1973 and 1979 (of course, since then there have been many recoverable oil deposits discovered around the world plus the introduction of fracking). Consumers Power is still supplying me with natural gas. I recently went camping and had no problem buying propane.Texas had grid problems last winter because they replaced fossil fueled power plants with wind and solar, which didn't work in the cold weather. That's the definition of unreliable.I'm an "all of the above" guy when it comes to energy: fossil fuels, hydro, wind (where it makes sense), nuclear (including funding for fusion research), and possibly solar.Environmental activists, it seems to me, have no interest in energy diversity. Based on what's happened in Sri Lanka and the push against agriculture in Europe and Canada, I think it's safe to say that some folks want most of us to live like medieval peasants to save the planet for their own private jets.
  • Car65688392 thankyou for the information
  • Car65688392 Thankyou for your valuable information
  • MaintenanceCosts There's no mystery anymore about how the Japanese took over the prestige spot in the US mass market (especially on the west coast) when you realize that this thing was up against the likes of the Fairmont, Citation, and Volaré. A massacre.
  • MaintenanceCosts Chevy used to sell almost this exact color on the Sonic, Bolt, and Camaro, as "Shock." And I have a story about that.I bought my Bolt in 2019. Unsurprisingly the best deal came from the highest-volume Bolt dealer in my very EV-friendly area. They had huge inventory; I bought right when Chevy started offering major incentives, and the car had been priced too high to sell well until that point.Half the inventory had a nice mix of trims and colors, and I was able to find the exact dark-gray-on-white Premier I wanted. But the real mystery was the other half of the inventory. It was something like 40 cars, all Shock on black, split between LT and Premier. You could get an additional $2000 or so off the already low selling price if you bought one of them. (Neither my wife nor I thought the deal worth it.) The cars were real and in the flesh; a couple were out front, but behind the showroom, there was an entire row of them.When I took delivery, I asked the salesman how on earth they had ended up with so many. He told me in a low voice that a previous sales manager had screwed up order forms for a huge batch of cars that were supposed to be white, and that no one noticed until a couple transporters loaded with chartreuse Bolts actually showed up at the dealer. Long story short, there was no way to change the order. They eventually sold all the cars and you still see them more often than you'd expect in the area.