Toyota Supra GT4 Development Still in Early Stages
Toyota GAZOO Racing showed their Supra GT4 Concept at the Geneva motor show in March, but the word “Concept” must be emphasized. While they are planning to bring the car to market, and parading it on the media accounts, the entire program is very early in its development. With no existing sales and support team based in the United States, let’s investigate what it will take to bring the GT4 to IMSA and SRO GT America competition in the U.S.
GT4 is an international homologation specification that is owned by the SRO Motorsports Group and adopted by race sanctioning bodies around the globe. The Supra GT4 will be entering a class that includes entries such as the Aston Martin Vantage, Audi R8, Chevrolet Camaro, Ford Mustang, McLaren 570S, Mercedes-AMG GT, Porsche Cayman, and — of course — the BMW M4.
Given the common underpinnings of the Supra and BMW Z4, an issue that stands out is that BMW is established world-wide with their M4 GT4 in the hands of both professional and amateur teams. The Supra GT4 not only needs to perform equivalently to its German cousin (Balance of Performance regulations will help to ensure this), but GAZOO Racing must be able to support the teams in their development and race programs.
In terms of performance, the Supra is running the B58 3.0-liter twin-scroll single-turbocharged inline-6, connected to the ZF 8HP automatic transmission. The M4, however, has the M-division’s S55 twin-turbo with a water-to-air intercooler, higher rev limit and a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission. In the production cars, the Supra is rated at 335 horsepower, while the M4 produces 425 hp. The M4 makes its power at a higher rpm range, though, utilizing larger bore and shorter stroke pistons to displace the same 3.0 liters.
Right off the bat, the M4 has the “racier” engine of the two. It doesn’t even get significantly cranked up to make legal power for IMSA and SRO competition. It has various USB “power sticks” to achieve different levels of power, up to something around 500 hp. The Supra, on the other hand, would require additional power boosting to match the M4 GT4. While the road-going Supra is a couple hundred pounds lighter than an M4, I expect that their race weights will within 100 lbs of each other since the M4 has more content that it can shed during its transformation to a race car.
Alastair Moffit, Communications Manager at Toyota Motorsport GmbH, told me that the Supra GT4 “will use an OE engine which is in the Supra road car” and that “it was essential for us that the engine comes from a Toyota road car.” This is surely for marketing reasons, though I may have thought that most people who were paying attention to the Supra’s racing success would be savvy to the fact that its powered by a BMW engine. But what we enthusiasts sometimes forget is that we’re actually a small minority among car buyers. Most buyers don’t know the ins and outs of the automotive landscape like we do. I suppose that’s how NASCAR can be so successful while sharing nothing with any road car.
The transmission is also a significant difference between the Supra and M4. Regarding the Supra GT4, Alastair told me, “The gearbox is one of the items to be finalized. Currently we anticipate moving away from the OE gearbox but that is not 100 [percent] finalized yet.”
The Supra road car is essentially using the same 8-speed ZF 8HP automatic as the M240i, which utilizes that same transmission in the M240i Racing version, albeit with tuning changes. Having personally raced an M235iR in the Pirelli World Challenge for 2017 (now SRO TC America), I have a fair bit of experience with the powertrain. The tuning changes lock up the torque converter full time above a few mph and the shift times are cut in half as compared to the street version. The paddle-shifted automatic is a significant competitive advantage over a manual transmission, but the difference between the 8HP and a dual-clutch transmission is of similar magnitude. The M4 GT4 retains the considerably faster-shifting DCT from the road car, along with some tuning changes for race duty.
If the Supra GT4 moves away from the ZF 8HP, they could either adopt the DCT from the M4, or go with a true racing sequential. Given the customer-racing nature of the program, the expense and maintenance of a racing sequential could be off-putting for some teams. But, without the M4’s S55 engine, adapting BMW’s DCT to the B58 Supra engine would require collaboration from BMW to facilitate. As there seems to be a disconnect there, I anticipate that Toyota Motorsport is looking at a racing sequential transmission.
I asked BMW Motorsport about their feelings on having a car with BMW underpinnings compete against them under a different brand. Their response was that I should reach out to Toyota directly, as BMW was not involved in the Supra GT4 development.
When I asked Toyota Motorsport about the potential for collaboration with BMW on the Supra GT4, Alastair Moffett responded, “Although obviously the Supra road car is a joint development with BMW, the GT4 conversion is done entirely by Toyota Motorsport GmbH in Cologne, which is part of TOYOTA GAZOO Racing … we are selecting our components independently with no reference to any BMW project.” He went on to say, “The Supra is a Toyota product so they are not required to give any permission for us to develop our own product into a race car.”
It seems safe to say that Toyota intends to use the Supra GT4 to beat BMW with their own car.
Part of the benefit of OEM-designed and built race cars is that the cars have the full engineering knowledge base and resources of the company behind their development. Toyota likely had enough open collaboration with BMW on the joint-development of the Supra that they can successfully adapt the cars to racing duty. But, even once they can match the performance of the GT4 field, Toyota Motorsport will need to be able to demonstrate that they can support their customer racing teams.
Building their customer racing program may be more difficult than building a competitive race car. BMW has a significant head start, as they began supporting the M235i Racing in the U.S. at the beginning of 2016, adding the M4 GT4 in 2018 and supporting over 170 events around the world that year. Toyota likewise must have the capacity to provide technical support and replacement parts on-site for their customer racing teams. Unlike BMW, they don’t have an existing sales, engineering, or parts network in the United States for their Motorsport division. This is a lot different from selling TRD accessories and these are big factors for teams considering what car will provide them the best chance for success.
The critical thing that Toyota needs is customers who are willing to be early adopters to get them off the ground in the U.S. I sincerely hope that we’ll have some teams step up to campaign Supra GT4s in the IMSA GS and SRO GT4 America classes in 2020, as fans of the car deserve to see them out there racing.
Rick Astley on Jul 24, 2019
FINALLY, we get the proper Supra, the REAL Supra, the one with functional vents and speed holes! The unrestrained quantity of worthless, non-functioning "vents" and "look at my racing pretentiousness" bits on the Supra should be enough to turn people away. In a homage to the movie Twins, racing fanboiz can watch their beloved Supra be thoroughly trounced by it's stronger, better looking, more desirable twin while they can pine for a fresh bottle of Back to Black to freshen up their fake vents.
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- FreedMike This article fails to mention that Toyota is also investing heavily in solid state battery tech - which would solve a lot of inherent EV problems - and plans to deploy it soon. https://insideevs.com/news/598046/toyota-global-leader-solid-state-batery-patents/Of course, Toyota being Toyota, it will use the tech in hybrids first, which is smart - that will give them the chance to iron out the wrinkles, so to speak. But having said that, I’m with Toyota here - I’m not sold on an all EV future happening anytime soon. But clearly the market share for these vehicles has nowhere to go but up; how far up depends mainly on charging availability. And whether Toyota’s competitors are all in is debatable. Plenty of bet-hedging is going on among makers in the North American market.
- Jeff S I am not against EVs but I completely understand Toyota's position. As for Greenpeace putting Toyota at the bottom of their environmental list is more drama. A good hybrid uses less gas, is cleaner than most other ICE, and is more affordable than most EVs. Prius has proven longevity and low maintenance cost. Having had a hybrid Maverick since April and averaging 40 to 50 mpg in city driving it has been smooth driving and very economical. Ford also has very good hybrids and some of the earlier Escapes are still going strong at 300k miles. The only thing I would have liked in my hybrid Maverick would be a plug in but it didn't come with it. If Toyota made a plug in hybrid compact pickup like the Maverick it would sell well. I would consider an EV in the future but price, battery technology, and infrastructure has to advance and improve. I don't buy a vehicle based on the recommendation of Greenpeace, as a status symbol, or peer pressure. I buy a vehicle on what best needs my needs and that I actually like.
- Mobes Kind of a weird thing that probably only bothers me, but when you see someone driving a car with ball joints clearly about to fail. I really don't want to be around a car with massive negative camber that's not intentional.
- Jeff S How reliable are Audi? Seems the Mazda, CRV, and Rav4 in the higher trim would not only be a better value but would be more reliable in the long term. Interior wise and the overall package the Mazda would be the best choice.
- Pickles69 They have a point. All things (or engines/propulsion) to all people. Yet, when the analogy of being, “a department store,” of options is used, I shudder. Department stores are failing faster than any other retail. Just something to chew on.