By on October 15, 2011

Japanese carmakers are driven out of the country by a rising yen and an urge to diversify their production after the catastrophic March 11 tsunami. A favorite destination is Thailand. Due to free trade agreements with many nations, Thailand increasingly morphs from the Land of Smiles to a South East Asian production and export hub. Now, most car production in Thailand is stopped – again because of killer floods.

Toyota has three plants in Thailand. Toyota says the plants were not affected by the floods. Again, it is the supply chain that brings production to a halt. Plant closures, originally planned through October 15,  now have been extended through October 22. “A decision on production at the plants from October 24 onwards will be based on a close observation of the situation as it develops,” Toyota says in a statement.

Honda has two plants in Thailand. The car factory in Rojana Industrial Park is reported as flooded and inaccessible. Honda’s plant for motorcycles and generators and is not directly affected by the floods. However, both plants will remain closed until further notice. “It has not yet been determined as of the date of this Notice when production will be able to recommence at each of the above two production bases,” Honda wrote in a letter to shareholders. “The Company plans to determine about future operations upon monitoring the situation.”

The Nikkei [sub] reports that Isuzu will extend the shutdown of a factory on the outskirts of Bangkok to next Friday. Nissan planned to keep a plant outside the capital closed through next Wednesday.

On Sunday, The Nikkei [sub] reported that Japanese carmakers manufacturing in Thailand are likely to suspend production for a month or more. Again, it is parts makers that took the brunt o the catastrophe – no parts, no cars. Toyota has asked major parts makers in Japan to increase output of parts for cars being built in Thailand.

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4 Comments on “First The Tsunami, Now The Floods. Japanese Companies Get No Breaks...”


  • avatar
    alluster

    Toyota has an annual production capacity of 650,000 units in Thailand, more than 8% of their global output. Around 2000 units lost for everyday production is halted. Honda is expecting the car factory that produces 5% of their global output to be offline for abt 3 months!! Ford and GM lucked out. Ford has resumed production after 48 hrs and GM is operating as normal.

    This has been a rough year for Toyota. Mother nature hasn’t been kind to them. First the tsunami/quake, tornadoes in Alabama cutting power to their plants, hurricane Irene flooding a supplier that makes floor mats in PA, tire shortages in japan affecting production, now the thai floods.

  • avatar
    MrWhopee

    Well, why do they put their factory in low lying, historically prone to flood area then? Flood is generally historic, if an area is flooded, chances are it has experienced flooding in the past, and you can check the record to find out. Same here in Indonesia, the Toyota and Daihatsu plant is located in an area historically prone to flooding, being basically a former low lying marshes. They got hit in the big Jakarta flooding a few years ago too.

  • avatar
    chuckrs

    If you dissociate the image from what it actually means, that is an interesting photo.

    Have to agree w/ MrWhopee – why establish a plant in a floodplain? Just visited a website today with a slideshow of cities near volcanos – Jogykarta, Naples, Seattle/Tacoma and others – its not just poor business disaster planning. It seems if a natural disaster hasn’t occurred in a certain period, its as if it never happened and therefore couldn’t possibly happen.

    • 0 avatar
      Lorenzo

      It’s all about how much money you can make in between disasters. I was talking to a supermarket assistant manager who was filling in as a cashier. He told me the chain doesn’t own the land, it had been cleared for a future street realignment and widening project that was years away from being started.

      The chain leased the land from the government, built the market and paved the lot, paying for driveways, permits, etc., knowing the site would be lost 5-7 years later. The chain calculated that the location would be popular and enough revenue generated to more than pay for the costs. That’s by a business that has a tiny 2%-4% profit margin on huge gross dollar volume.

      Imagine the return on investment for a business that sells far fewer cars than cans of peas, but at a much higher unit price. They’re doing that not on a definite 5-7 year calculation, but on an irregular occurrence when decades or centuries can go by before the next tsunami, eruption or earthquake.

      As the post points out, it’s not the siting of the plants, but of the independent suppliers over which they have limited control. Henry Ford may have had the right idea with the Rouge and the Ford-owned materials companies that supplied it, but vertical integration tends to run afoul of anti-trust laws.

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