Rare Rides Icons: Lamborghini's Front-Engine Grand Touring Coupes (Part VI)
We pick up our Lamborghini front-engine grand touring coverage at a time of design disappointments. Though the exotic Miura gave the company instant notoriety as it simultaneously created the super car class, the company’s other model was due for replacement. A more traditional looking two-door, the 400GT 2+2 was an edit of the 400GT Interim (2+1), which was itself an engine upgrade on the 350GT, the company’s first production car.
Ferruccio Lamborghini anticipated the need for a new design, and went in search of a 400GT replacement around the time it entered production in 1966. Lamborghini turned first to Carrozzeria Touring. But even though they penned the 350GT and 400GT designs, their two-seat shooting brake suggestion, Flying Star II, was not to Lamborghini’s taste.
In fact it was sort of like Touring didn’t read the prompt. An abandoned race car design called the 400GT Monza from Neri & Bonacini was also presented as an option. The firm built Lamborghini’s tube frames a few years before, but that didn’t lend them enough goodwill at Lamborghini to get their design accepted. Time for take three!
Time advanced to 1967, and the 400GT was in the middle of its production run. Lamborghini was willing to give another big name a shot: Marcello Gandini. Employed at Bertone at the time, Gandini took the four-seat grand touring directive more to heart than Carrozzeria Touring, but went even more wild everywhere else.
The basis for the new design was not the 400GT: Gandini chose the Miura’s chassis instead. It was lengthened by 4.7 inches overall (for a total of 103 inches), and strengthened considerably - a necessity with the lack of metal on the body. In finalized form, the body was 175 inches long, 67 inches wide, and only 43 inches high. With the exception of its overall height, the other dimensions were fairly similar to the extant 400GT.
What Gandini drew up was a wedge-shaped sports coupe with an enormous greenhouse, and very angular styling. The front end featured a heavily ribbed black bumper that terminated at large amber indicator lenses that were vertical, and integrated into the fender. Above there were six separate sealed beam headlamps, all square in shape.
The sharp front end featured a razor-thin hood line with no visible opening (it was a clamshell that opened from the A-pillar). The wide, flat hood had little detailing, and a sharp crease on either side that formed the upper half of the fender. A black trim strip went horizontally down the side of the coupe, and formed the shut line for the large hood.
A lower fender vent in front of the front tire was joined by a Bertone logo and model name, Marzal aft of the tire. The coupe’s side profile was dominated by a large glass area, interrupted only by the black piece of trim that allowed for door handle placement. The radical side profile included upper and lower panes of glass, set into a hexagon-shaped gullwing door.
The door frame itself formed the majority of the very fast A-pillar, which made for an enormous front windshield. There was no B-pillar, but the C-pillar was very thick and formed of a single piece of metal with the rear fender. It made for a flying buttress, but that design detail was covered by a honeycomb piece of black trim that concealed the true location of the vertical rear window.
The Marzal sat on a set of custom Campagnolo wheels, made of magnesium and with a hexagonal design theme. They measured 14 inches in diameter, and 6.5 inches wide. Tires specced were Pirelli Cinturato HS, 205-14s.
At the rear, the sharp character lines on the fenders drew up into an almost vertical fascia. There was a similarly ribbed bumper to the front end, along with typically Italian trapezoidal tail lamps.
A black mesh grille texture was added to the rear fascia and around the lamps. Underneath, a visible radiator was tucked under the lower valance, which provided cooling and a hint at where the engine was placed.
The interior of the Marzal was similarly wild, and played with the honeycomb theme present across the rear window. The silver exterior finish was contrasted by a two-tone blue and silver interior: The dash and pillars were covered in blue leather, while everything below the dash line was covered in metallic silver material. Speedometer and rev counter were a single hexagon shape, and set into a pod on the dash.
The rearview mirror was mounted from the dash on a stalk.
The honeycomb theming was replicated on the speakers, as well as in the center cluster where there were small auxiliary dials set into hexagons. Buttons and switches were mounted on the center stack, in multicolored plastic hexagons of their own.
Not content with the large side and front glass, there was also a large sunroof on the Marzal - at least it was tinted. In total, the coupe used 48 square feet of glass panel. The whole interior lounge was filled with light from the massive windows, and your author speculates a hothouse effect would occur even in winter. An air conditioning system was installed to prevent passengers from exiting as roasted chickens.
The finished Marzal was rear-wheel drive, and had its engine at the rear like a 911. Hardly the more conservative grand tourer Lamborghini specified, it also used a radical engine design: a 2.0-liter inline-six. The engine was reported to make 175 horsepower, and was developed by Gian Paolo Dallara. In essence, the 2.0 was half of the company’s 4.0-liter V12. Mounted transversely behind the rear passengers, it hung out over the rear axle.
Gandini’s design (like most of the things he penned) received immediate acclaim when it debuted in 1967 at the Geneva Motor Show. The radical approach to a four-seat sports car especially impressed Road & Track who declared the design was “...so fresh that everything else looks old fashioned.”
It’s at this point where the purpose of the Marzal is a bit unclear, and varies depending upon who’s providing the information.
Some sources indicate the coupe was intended to be a legitimate replacement for the 400GT, while others suggest it was just a fun design exercise. Perhaps Lamborghini asked for a legitimate GT replacement but was surprised by the results. At the time, he told Automobile Quarterly that the Marzal was just for show. “The Marzal was not developed as a production car. If you present a car like the Marzal at automobile shows… all the magazines report on the first page about it.”
Lamborghini went on to assert that it was better, and more affordable PR to “...build such a throwaway car” than to launch a traditional marketing campaign. Make your own call as to the intent behind the Marzal’s creation, but if it was just a fun design exercise Lamborghini certainly left choosing a production design down to the wire.
In any case, the Marzal remained a one-off concept, and Lamborghini moved on to a fourth 400GT replacement idea. Gandini’s design made an impact on Ferruccio, and he would return to Bertone in short order with another design request. Meanwhile, there was still the problem of the 400GT’s replacement. More next time.
Dukeisduke on Jul 22, 2022
I've always liked the design of the Marzal. BTW, that's Prince Albert II of Monaco behind the wheel, at the 2018 Historic GP of Monaco. His father Prince Rainier III (along with the lovely Princess Grace) took it around the course for a parade lap in 1967, before that year's Monaco Grand Prix.
It's cool reading about how their cars were named. The Islero was named after a Miura bull (Miura bulls are bred for bullfighting) that killed a legendary matador in 1947.
SilverCoupe on Jul 23, 2022
Ah, one of my favorite Matchbox cars from the late '60's. Number 20, in a dark burgundy red if I recall correctly! I collected the cars (and still have them, in their original boxes), but when it came to exotic cars, I never knew anything about the actual cars themselves.
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- DenverMike When was it ever a mystery? The Fairmont maybe, but only the 4-door "Futura" trim, that was distinctively upscale. The Citation and Volare didn't have competing trims, nor was there a base stripper Maxima at the time, if ever, crank windows, vinyl seats, 2-doors, etc. So it wasn't a "massacre", not even in spirit, just different market segments. It could be that the Maxima was intended to compete with those, but everything coming from Japan at the time had to take it up a notch, if not two.Thanks to the Japanese "voluntary" trade restriction, everything had extra options, if not hard loaded. The restriction limited how many vehicles were shipped, not what they retailed at. So Japanese automakers naturally raised the "price" (or stakes) without raising MSRP. What the dealers charged (gouged) was a different story.Realistically, the Maxima was going up against entry luxury sedans (except Cimarron lol), especially Euro/German, same as the Cressida. It definitely worked in Japanese automaker's favor, not to mention inspiring Lexus, Acura and Infiniti.
- Ronnie Schreiber Hydrocarbon based fuels have become unreliable? More expensive at the moment but I haven't seen any lines gathering around gas stations lately, have you? I'm old enough to remember actual gasoline shortages in 1973 and 1979 (of course, since then there have been many recoverable oil deposits discovered around the world plus the introduction of fracking). Consumers Power is still supplying me with natural gas. I recently went camping and had no problem buying propane.Texas had grid problems last winter because they replaced fossil fueled power plants with wind and solar, which didn't work in the cold weather. That's the definition of unreliable.I'm an "all of the above" guy when it comes to energy: fossil fuels, hydro, wind (where it makes sense), nuclear (including funding for fusion research), and possibly solar.Environmental activists, it seems to me, have no interest in energy diversity. Based on what's happened in Sri Lanka and the push against agriculture in Europe and Canada, I think it's safe to say that some folks want most of us to live like medieval peasants to save the planet for their own private jets.
- Car65688392 thankyou for the information
- Car65688392 Thankyou for your valuable information
- MaintenanceCosts There's no mystery anymore about how the Japanese took over the prestige spot in the US mass market (especially on the west coast) when you realize that this thing was up against the likes of the Fairmont, Citation, and Volaré. A massacre.