Unpacking the Autonomous Uber Fatality as Details Emerge [Updated]

Matt Posky
by Matt Posky
unpacking the autonomous uber fatality as details emerge updated

Details are trickling in about the fatal incident in Tempe, Arizona, where an autonomous Uber collided with a pedestrian earlier this week. While a true assessment of the situation is ongoing, the city’s police department seems ready to absolve the company of any wrongdoing.

“The driver said it was like a flash, the person walked out in front of them,” explained Tempe police chief Sylvia Moir. “His first alert to the collision was the sound of the collision.”

This claim leaves us with more questions than answers. Research suggests autonomous driving aids lull people into complacency, dulling the senses and slowing reaction times. But most self-driving hardware, including Uber’s, uses lidar that can functionally see in pitch black conditions. Even if the driver could not see the woman crossing the street (there were streetlights), the vehicle should have picked her out clear as day.

The location of the accident further complicates things. Using information provided by local authorities and images from the scene, we found the the area where the accident took place. The location is a point in the road (northbound Mill Ave.) where a designated bike lane opens up to meet with traffic attempting to make a right turn. Following the incident, the self-driving SUV appears to have stopped in that turn lane with damage visible on the right side of its hood.

However, early reports (written prior to examining the car’s video data) claimed 49-year-old Elaine Herzberg was pushing a bicycle down the center median and crossed into the street when she was struck. There is a walking path there, which includes two pedestrian exits into to the street with a confusing “do not cross” sign. But how the damage came to be on the right side of the vehicle if Herzberg entered from the western median is difficult to make sense of — especially if there was no time to react. At the most likely point of entry, two lanes open for lefthand turns while northbound traffic continues on in the center. There is also a walkway that exits at a narrower point with just two lanes of northbound traffic, but it’s a bit further south.

According to the initial police report, the SUV was traveling at 38 mph and made no attempt to brake. “[Based on video evidence] it’s very clear it would have been difficult to avoid this collision in any kind of mode [autonomous or not] based on how she came from the shadows right into the roadway,” Moir told the San Francisco Chronicle.

Again, the Uber’s lidar should have taken care of that. But, if Herzberg did enter from the median as originally claimed, there is a chance she was obscured by trees until she was already in the road. As the police have not provided the on-board video from the vehicle or established a clear sequence of events, it’s hard to understand exactly what happened.

Moir said the incident occurred within 100 yards of a crosswalk, which would place Herzberg’s most-likely position in the bike line. But the probable entrance point from the median isn’t much further back, so it remains a possibility. We’re hoping the police release the video footage soon. While nobody is excited to see a tragic death caught on camera, it’s the best way to make sense of what happened. We’ve reached out to the Tempe Police Department for clarification and will update accordingly.

Meanwhile, the National Transportation Safety Board has launched its own investigation into the incident. The team consists of Investigator-in-Charge Jennifer Morrison and three additional team members who will examine vehicle factors, human performance, and electronic recorders.

UPDATE: Sgt. Ronald Elcock of the Tempe Police Department confirmed for us that the Herzberg entered traffic from the west side of the road (via the median) and the accident occurred in the northbound lanes. The investigation is ongoing.

[Images: Uber; Google]

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  • PandaBear PandaBear on Mar 22, 2018

    Firmware engineer here. These kinds of accidents will happen when technologies first started, especially during war time because the risk of not acting is worse than the risk of your test pilot dying or your solders killed with failed equipment. It is unfortunate, and it is not avoidable but hopefully all parties involved do the best they can to minimize the probability of it happening. The "driver" should be at least a professional that collect logs and test the car / software with a "fail safe" attitude that makes a failed software do a minimum amount of damage. It is better to have a computer shut down the car or do a false emergency brake than to run over a pedestrian, or cause the car behind you to rear end you than you rear end the car in front of you. Remember: there is no bug free software, and there is no "perfect" human driver. Hopefully the software is safer than the human driver, and is tested as much as possible.

  • Ixim Ixim on Mar 22, 2018

    Three video screenshots show the victim walking her bike into the road from the left clearly illuminated by the headlights. Although the A/V didn't apply the brakes, it's not clear if the human "driver" could have stopped in time either. The victim nearly made it across as it's the right front fender that was damaged. It's still not OK to hit anyone/anything with a motor vehicle; accidents can and will happen. I see no proof that A/Vs will be any better or worse than we humans in that regard.

  • Danddd Chicago at night is crazy traveling in and out from the 'burbs. Taking the Ike back home around midnight and you'll see racers swerving by at 100mph plus. Dangerous enough we rarely go down there anymore. I plan my city trips between 9:30AM and back out by 1PM to miss the worst traffic.
  • SCE to AUX Good summary, Matt.I like EVs, but not bans, subsidies, or carbon credits. Let them find their own level.PM Sunak has done a good thing, but I'm surprised at how sensibly early he made the call. Hopefully they'll ban the ban altogether.
  • SCE to AUX "Having spoken to plenty of suppliers over the years, many have told me they tried to adapt to EV production only to be confronted with inconsistent orders."Lofty sales predictions followed by reality.I once worked (very briefly) for a key supplier to Segway, back when "Ginger" was going to change the world. Many suppliers like us tooled up to support sales in the millions, only to sell thousands - and then went bankrupt.
  • SCE to AUX "all-electric vehicles, resulting in a scenario where automakers need fewer traditional suppliers"Is that really true? Fewer traditional suppliers, but they'll be replaced with other suppliers. You won't have the myriad of parts for an internal combustion engine and its accessories (exhaust, sensors), but you still have gear reducers (sometimes two or three), electric motors with lots of internal components, motor mounts, cooling systems, and switchgear.Battery packs aren't so simple, either, and the fire recalls show that quality control is paramount.The rest of the vehicle is pretty much the same - suspension, brakes, body, etc.
  • Theflyersfan As crazy as the NE/Mid-Atlantic I-95 corridor drivers can be, for the most part they pay attention and there aren't too many stupid games. I think at times it's just too crowded for that stuff. I've lived all over the US and the worst drivers are in parts of the Midwest. As I've mentioned before, Ohio drivers have ZERO lane discipline when it comes to cruising, merging, and exiting. And I've just seen it in this area (Louisville) where many drivers have literally no idea how to merge. I've never seen an area where drivers have no problems merging onto an interstate at 30 mph right in front of you. There are some gruesome wrecks at these merge points because it looks like drivers are just too timid to merge and speed up correctly. And the weaving and merging at cloverleaf exits (which in this day and age need to all go away) borders on comical in that no one has a bloody clue of let car merge in, you merge right to exit, and then someone repeats behind you. That way traffic moves. Not a chance here.And for all of the ragging LA drivers get, I found them just fine. It's actually kind of funny watching them rearrange themselves like after a NASCAR caution flag once traffic eases up and they line up, speed up to 80 mph for a few miles, only to come to a dead halt again. I think they are just so used to the mess of freeways and drivers that it's kind of a "we'll get there when we get there..." kind of attitude.