By on March 8, 2018

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6A little grey wagon popped up on my radar the other day, presenting the perfect opportunity to write about DKW, Audi, and Auto Union for the first time. Those familiar rings on the hood are paired with the DKW shield and an Auto Union badge, but eventually all would separate. A few short years after this wagon was produced, the Audi rings stood alone for the first time in many decades.

This is Part One of a two-part entry into the Auto Union world of DKW and Audi.

The history of the Audi brand is complex and extensive, so we’ll shorten it for the purposes of this piece. Engineer August Horch founded A. Horch & Company with a few business partners at the end of the 19th century. After some infighting and a trademark lawsuit, he lost the use of his own name when he split from his former partners — and his new venture adopted the Audi name in April 1910.

Image: 1940 Horch 951 Cabriolet

Audi remained independent until August of 1928, when the owner of DKW acquired a majority of shares in Audiwerk AG. That same year, DKW purchased the production remnants of U.S. auto manufacturer Rickenbacker. 1932 saw the merger of DKW, Horch, Audi, and Wanderer to form the Auto Union — the four rings. Both Audi and DKW offered new models under the Auto Union arrangement, while the Horch and Wanderer names were phased out. Wanderer disappeared after 1941 for civilian vehicles, and produced military ones through 1945. Horch, a producer of 8- and 12-cylinder luxury cars produced its last models in 1940 (above), the straight-eight 851 and 951.

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6

Auto Union eventually wound down the luxurious models offered by the Audi brand, concentrating instead on the development of smaller economical models from DKW. In 1938, DKW held nearly 18 percent of the German domestic market; Audi had 0.1 percent. After a short model run in 1939, the Audi name vanished from new cars until 1965.

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6After World War II, Auto Union fell under full control of Daimler-Benz in 1959. Shortly after that, the company realized the luxury models Mercedes-Benz produced shared little with the dated offerings of Auto Union. Seeing the lack of profits, Daimler-Benz put Auto Union up for sale.

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6That same time, Auto Union had just completed Daimler-funded construction of a brand new factory and development of a modern four-stroke engine. That engine would not have been possible without Daimler-Benz engineer Ludwig Kraus, who was named technical director over all Auto Union products in the early 1960s. Kraus made a name for himself at Mercedes from a young age, helping engineer the W154 and W196 Silver Arrow race cars.

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6Another German manufacturer had its eye on the classified ad for Auto Union, and that manufacturer was Volkswagen. It purchased Auto Union in 1964 after finding itself flush with cash from selling every country in the world the Beetle. Key engineer Mr. Kraus came along for the ride. The DKW name was no more, as Audi took over branding on all new vehicles.

Image: 1962 Auto Union DKW 3=6The grey wagon we have here is an example of a very brief period in history: A DKW produced after Auto Union lost its independence, but before Volkswagen ownership eradicated DKW branding altogether.

So there we have it, a little German DKW from the very end of a storied brand, right? Wrong. All will be revealed in Part II, so stay tuned.

[Images via seller, YouTube]

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24 Comments on “Rare Rides: The DKW Wagon From 1962 – History Time (Part I)...”


  • avatar
    highdesertcat

    3=6

    Three cylinder, two stroke.

    Awesomely smokey.

  • avatar
    dukeisduke

    Oh brother, DKW brings back a memory. Back in ’81, I saw a ’79 WS6 (Pontiac 400, 4-speed, 4-wheel disc brakes, 15×8 gold snowflakes) Trans Am for sale, probably in the Auto Trader. The car was at a local Datsun dealership, listed at $6500. I don’t remember how many miles it had on it, but I think it was low miles. It also had T-Tops, and an Alpine stereo. A friend (Pontiac guy) and I went to look at it.

    The salesman was an older German guy, and when I told him my idea of trading in my ’78 Audi Fox (which probably had about 40k on it), he dissed the Audi, saying that he remembered the DKWs in Germany, and their three-cylinder engines that went, in his words (imagine this spoken with a thick German accent), “pucka-pucka-pucka”. Needless to say, that deal didn’t get done.

    • 0 avatar
      Rasputin

      Only in America – and without the help of a “Diversity Coordinator.”

      Two Americans, one driving a German Audi & the other interested in an American muscle car Trans Am, walk into a Japanese Datsun dealership where the salesman is an German with a thick accent who happens to not like the Audi’s older siblings. All you needed was a French guy to drive up in a Fiat and you could have opened a mini-UN.

  • avatar
    FreedMike

    Now there’s an Audi that will NEVER have the door handles pop off!

    • 0 avatar

      However, you can sorta see through the crack with the door closed, so water might be an issue.

    • 0 avatar
      dukeisduke

      Stupid trigger door handles. The driver’s door on my ’78 Fox gave me fits for a while. The trigger would get balky and sticky, and the key didn’t want to turn sometimes. The dealer ended up replacing the handle under the warranty. I remember the stainless steel trim piece you had to pop out, to get to the screws.

  • avatar

    Thanks, Corey! Looking forward to part 2.

  • avatar
    TR4

    I wonder why they used three coils? Seems like that would require three sets of points. My 1960 SAAB, similar to the DKW in many ways, had one coil, one set of points and a conventional distributor.

    • 0 avatar
      dukeisduke

      It just needs three Bosch blue coils. That used to be the hot setup.

      • 0 avatar
        highdesertcat

        I owned a 1970 Yahama 2-cylinder 2-stroke motorcycle, way back then, and it had a coil for each cylinder. My guess is that a coil for each cylinder provided the most efficient spark for this DKW 3-cyl 2-stroke.

    • 0 avatar
      SOF in training

      This had three points on the end of the crank. Worked fine until the crank seal started to leak oil onto the bottom set of points.

      I’ve never come across one with that style of front bumper or headlight. European JC Whitney?

    • 0 avatar
      Jack Denver

      The same reason modern cars use “coil overs” – you don’t need a distributor with that setup. A distributor cap and rotor are potential sources of trouble.

    • 0 avatar

      My understanding is that with odd number of cylinders, the choices are 1 coil to a distrubutor, or one coil per cylinder – otherwise would it not be complicated to split an uneven number of discharges?

      As I recall, the 5 cyl Volvos had 5 coils.

  • avatar
    Sub-600

    I had to enlarge my screen, for a second I thought that was a Philco radio, lol.

  • avatar
    Featherston

    Part 2: The RAF strafes Rommel’s Horch.

  • avatar

    Das kleine Wunder

  • avatar
    ernest

    There’s a trip down memory lane. An uncle and aunt that lived in Kassel (Northern Germany) drove nothing but DKW’s after the war, until they morphed into Audi’s. The big draw was the FWD, since their house was on a hilltop a few miles out of town. Uncle Gerhardt drove a 3=6 wagon, and Aunt Sophie had a 1000s hardtop coupe, then a F102 2 Dr. Funny sounding little cars that left a vapor trail wherever they went… but they got the job done. Their first Audi was a ’67 Super 90, which much have seemed like a rocket ship compared to the little 3-poppers.

    Some of you may recognize an offshoot of the DKW. They had a plant in Zwickau (East Germany), that the East Germans took over after the war. Redesigned the body and viola!… the Trabant was born.

  • avatar
    probert

    What a charming car. When is the last time the Germans made a charming car?

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