IIHS: Half of All Midsize SUV Headlights Rated Marginal to Poor, Blind Everyone
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has been systematically tearing apart every segment over inadequate headlights for the past year. In its most recent study, midsize SUVs took a beating, with only two models garnering a “good” rating for their illumination capabilities. The other 35 continued a trend of providing lackluster performance from a safety standpoint — especially non-luxury offerings.
Lousy headlights are something the IIHS seems hellbent on calling out, especially after years of avoiding any heavy scrutiny. This is the fourth segment the institute has evaluated since it began rating headlights in 2016. Its newly established headlight ratings have resulted in fewer cars being awarded an IIHS Top Safety Pick+, as headlights must rate in the “good” or “acceptable” range to even be considered.
For the IIHS’s 2017 model year study, the Hyundai Santa Fe and Volvo XC60 were the only two vehicles available with good-rated headlights among the 19 midsize SUVs and 18 luxury midsize SUVs evaluated.
“As a group, midsize SUV headlights perform slightly better than the other SUVs and pickups we evaluated last year, and that’s encouraging,” says IIHS Senior Research Engineer Matt Brumbelow. “Still, we continue to see headlights that compromise safety because they only provide a short view down the road at night.”
Mainstream midsize SUVs achieving an acceptable headlight safety score were few and far between. Only the Honda Pilot, Jeep Cherokee, Jeep Grand Cherokee, and Toyota Highlander were able to avoid an unacceptable score. The Dodge Durango, Ford Flex, GMC Acadia, Nissan Murano, Nissan Pathfinder, and 2018 Chevrolet Equinox all achieved a marginal rating.
Fairing poor was the Dodge Journey, Ford Edge, Ford Explorer, GMC Terrain, Hyundai Santa Fe Sport, Jeep Wrangler, Kia Sorento, and Toyota 4Runner.
In the luxury category, the Acura MDX and RDX, BMW X5, Buick Envision, Infiniti QX70, Lexus NX and RX, and Mercedes-Benz GLE all achieved an acceptable rating. Poor-rated vehicles included the Infiniti QX60, Lincoln MKC, and Lincoln MKX. The BMW X3, Cadillac XT5, Infiniti QX50, Lincoln MKT, Volvo XC90 and upcoming Audi Q5 were middle of the road.
The Nissan Pathfinder’s and Volvo XC90’s updated LEDs moved both models up from the poor category, but not enough to yield a top safety pick. One of the biggest problems facing all SUVs was an abundance of oncoming glare. The blinding risk was the chief reason the Hyundai Santa Fe Sport performed so poorly against the standard Santa Fe when equipped with HID projector headlights.
“Managing glare can be more challenging for taller vehicles like SUVs and pickups because their headlights are mounted higher than on cars,” Brumbelow says. “Better aim at the factory can minimize glare.”
The IIHS deems its headlight analysis extremely important, since so few consumers are able test drive a vehicle at night before making their purchase. Nighttime visibility is critical to highway safety, as roughly half of all traffic fatalities occur during dawn, dusk, or nighttime. Properly aimed beams are an essential aspect of achieving acceptable illumination, however, the IIHS does remove points for beams that pose a blinding risk to oncoming drivers.
Overall, it suggests that high-intensity discharge (HID) beams paired with projector lenses seem to be the most effective. Still, IIHS warns that the pairing doesn’t necessarily guarantee every vehicle using the setup will achieve a good rating. Well-positioned halogen or high-intensity bulbs can work just as well, depending on their orientation — making the testing of individual models all the more important.
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