Piston Slap: Transmission Talk, Debunked
Hi Sajeev, first of all I enjoy your column very much. The Honda transmission post over in the “New or Used” column raised my interest in something I’ve always been curious about. I have a few questions:
- I used to compensate for my lead foot by coasting down slight slopes or towards a red light in neutral (in my automatic.) I used to drive a manual and I understand it can be dangerous to coast down a steep slope because the differential becomes free and so the rear wheels can turn in opposite directions, potentially allowing for a spin.
- I stopped the practice in my automatic after learning (from a usenet board years ago) that the multi-plate clutch has very small clearances in N and consequently leads to overheating if allowed to coast. I’ve also heard that you don’t even want to idle at a standstill in N. Is this true? What the heck is N in an automatic intended for anyway, if you’re not supposed to use it?
- It was mentioned that you shouldn’t go into reverse without doing a complete stop. Same idea?
- Is it better to stress the engine at low rpm in overdrive, or to stress the transmission at high rpm in D4 (or D3 or whatever)?
Let’s get right to it.
1. I am not an expert in FWD transaxles, but putting a transmission in neutral has no effect on the differential, that’s downstream of the situation. More to the point, the (non limited-slip) differential only spins in different directions when airborne, it’s physically impossible to make one wheel spin the other way on the road, as it is loaded by the inertia provided by the car’s weight and forward momentum. Too bad it doesn’t work that way, though. Would make for a lot of fun on icy roads!
2. That’s all incorrect, unless the vehicle is flat-towed (all four wheels on the ground, like what you see with RV towing) and the engine is not running. Neutral is perfectly safe to run forever, because the running engine activates the transmission’s pump, circulating fluid to everything. Saw that for myself when adding fluid to the freshly-rebuilt gearbox in my daily driver two years ago.
3. Yes, but not for that reason. The load placed on clutches with the violent engagement between forward/reverse causes the problem, the clearances between neutral are irrelevant. Pop the car in neutral while slowing down for the gear change to smooth out and speed up this process. This is a great way to multitask!
4. It’s a difficult answer, mostly because the variables in one’s terrain, transmission shift logic (be it old-school mechanical or today’s electronic stuff) and the amount of cargo come into play. Your answer may be irrelevant to others. What’s the safe bet? Let your modern car do what the engineers intended, the stock transmission shift logic is normally “geared” (sorry) to improving durability. But if you live in Colorado and climb a hill at 1000 rpm in top gear, better override the system for your own sake.
Whew! Off to you, Best and Brightest.
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Moparman426W on Nov 15, 2010
John, you are correct regarding the lockup converter/less heat issue. However when an automatic shifts between gears, up or down, it also builds up heat due to the slippage that takes place during the shifts. And shifting between neutral and drive in an automatic causes wear due to the engagement and disengagement of the clutches, so people that coast downhill in neautral with an automatic better be saving up for a rebuild.
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