General Motors Death Watch 77: Bull

Robert Farago
by Robert Farago

Why is GM's stock rallying to a six-month high? Delphi's Sword of Damocles still sways above The General's head. Their market share and sales continue sliding towards Hades, with Cerberus waiting to lock the gate behind them. Oh right, I remember. On Wednesday, Merrill Lynch analyst John Murphy upgraded GM's stock to "buy." He made the move in light of the fact that 20k GM employees have decided to take advantage of GM's worker buyout program. So a bunch of rats leave a sinking ship, someone says well done and the crew breaks out the champagne. This thing stinks.

Lest we forget, until February 7th, the Chairman and CEO of Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc. served on General Motors' Board of Bystanders. When Stan O'Neal resigned from GM, the exec cited time constraints and "limits on my ability to act as a GM director because of potential conflicts with matters in which Merrill Lynch is involved." This limitation didn't stop O'Neal's firm from buying 32m shares of FIAT stock for $1b while O'Neal was on GM's Board– immediately after GM wrote off the value of its FIAT stock for $2.1b. Be that as it is, there's clear evidence that Merrill and GM are deep into each other's pockets.

On June 1st, 2004, Merrill elected John Finnegan to their Board of Directors. Finnegan is the former Executive Vice President of General Motors Corporation and former Chairman and President of General Motors Acceptance Corporation (GMAC). On June 23rd, 2005, Merrill elected Armando Codina to their Board of Directors. Codina is a Florida real estate maven who's been on GM's Board of Directors since 2002. So, despite O'Neal's concern over conflicts of interest, Merrill's board is rife with ex and current GM'ers, and The General and Merrill still have interlocking directorships. Now, let's get to the nub of the matter….

Again, GM's stock price surge was triggered by John Murphy. In his report "Buy on buyouts and other options" the Merrill Lynch analyst flagged three keys to GM's turnaround– downsizing production, securing a new labor deal and reinvesting in product. 'There appear to be early signs of these steps being taken,' Murphy claimed. His primary justification and main piece of supporting evidence: the 20k take-up on GM's worker buyout plan. Murphy predicated the program would save The General about $2.3b in pretax cost and $1.8b in cash per year and… that's it. Buy!

OK, sure, Murphy's report cautions three times that "Risks include a low buyout rate [in case the workers suddenly change their mind], a Delphi strike, market share losses, rising gas prices, pricing, cyclical downturn, residual erosion, and dealer body risk." And Merrill's man pegs GM's "defensible market share" at a dealer-indefensible 19%. But hey, what's all that compared with the buyout plan's theoretical addition of $2.48 per share! In fact, once GM gets some relief from "negative sentiment" (are you talking to me?), their share price should rise to $37. Hang on; has TTAC's Death Watch being blowing smoke all this time?

Nope. While Murphy's analysis acknowledges the obvious hurdles, his conclusions ignore their implications. GM is not an earnings story but a cash flow story. GM's cash flow is negative and will remain so as they unwind plants, pay for worker buyouts and write-off all the other items on the debit side of the corporate ledger. Thus, earnings may appear positive, but there are underlying cash calls– both actual and potential– which require extreme funding. For example, any non-strike resolution of the Delphi debacle will require GM cash, and lots of it. And while we're at it, Murphy's calculations must assume that GM can cut costs to keep margins in line or better in light of declining sales.

Yes, there is that. The launch of GM's "gas price protection" promise in California indicates that income is slowing. Refreshed SUV's or no, GM has too much inventory on dealer lots going into the season of high gas prices. While it might be 100k units less than last year, GM's sales have also fallen. It's only a matter of time before The General is forced to do something, anything to move the metal. Whatever it is, it'll come straight off the bottom line.

OK; Merrill's man has both the means and the opportunity to inflate GM's stock price (ipso facto). What's the motivation? Pump and dump. The report could be a favor to The General and its management, designed to drum-up banking business and let share-owning employees come up for air. Or it could be a favor to Kirk Kerkorian, to drum-up banking business. Or it could be a way to generate business for the Merrill retail network. (GM's erstwhile recovery is an easy story to tell to naïve retail customers.) Or it could be all three. Remember: this is the same firm that paid an $80m fine for fraud relating to Enron's collapse, and more than $200m in penalties for systematically hyping stocks on behalf of their investment banking clients. No wonder S&P and BoA Securities still say sell. They tell the truth.

Robert Farago
Robert Farago

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  • Wjtinfwb I'd like to see a Ford/Mazda relationship restarted. Both companies have some car guys keeping the flame alive and could develop a sports car slightly bigger than a Miata and pick and choose from each other's parts bin to put together some attractive powertrain combo's. Even a Mazda 3 AWD with the 300HP EcoBoost 2.3L, manual and AWD from the Focus RS would be welcome. Even better, a factory Miata V8 with the 480 HP Coyote (i know it wont fit...) and a manual gearbox. And how about a CX-5 with a 2.7L EcoBoost V6 with AWD and an chassis tuned for sport. Lots of possibilities.
  • Blueice Patient 28, sorry, but it is Oktoberfest. Bring a kegof Kraut beer and we will 50% you.
  • Bd2 Probably Toyota, Hyundai is killing them these days.
  • Bd2 Japan is evil, stop buying their vehicles. I hope TTAC has a holiday for PEARL HARBOR.
  • Wolfwagen If Isuzu could update this truck and keep the cost between $25K - $30K they would sell like ice pops on dollar day in a heat wave.