The Truth About Cars » Tesla Motors http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. Mon, 08 Dec 2014 11:00:41 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.0.1 The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. The Truth About Cars no The Truth About Cars editors@ttac.com editors@ttac.com (The Truth About Cars) 2006-2009 The Truth About Cars The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. The Truth About Cars » Tesla Motors http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/wp-content/themes/ttac-theme/images/logo.gif http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com Wanting to “Delight Customers”, Tesla Delays Model X Production Again http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/11/wanting-delight-customers-tesla-delays-model-x-production/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/11/wanting-delight-customers-tesla-delays-model-x-production/#comments Thu, 06 Nov 2014 14:33:02 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=941433 In it’s third quarter letter to investors, Tesla Motors announced that they are pushing back the start of production of their falcon-winged Model X crossover again, this time until the third quarter of 2015. This is the third time that production has been delayed for the Model X, which Elon Musk originally promised for 2013. […]

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In it’s third quarter letter to investors, Tesla Motors announced that they are pushing back the start of production of their falcon-winged Model X crossover again, this time until the third quarter of 2015. This is the third time that production has been delayed for the Model X, which Elon Musk originally promised for 2013. That was subsequently pushed back to this year, then to late this year and now delayed again. Tesla put a good face on the delay, characterizing it as “a few months”, and attributing the later production start to more extensive validation testing, wanting to “delight customers” when the Model X does start deliveries.

In anticipation of this effort, we now expect Model X deliveries to start in Q3 of 2015, a few months later than previously expected. This also is a legitimate criticism of Tesla – we prefer to forgo revenue, rather than bring a product to market that does not delight customers. Doing so negatively affects the short term, but positively affects the long term. There are many other companies that do not follow this philosophy that may be a more attractive home for investor capital. Tesla is not going to change.

Some folks have questioned whether Elio Motors will ever start production of it’s low-cost high mpg reverse trike because of its repeated delays in reaching production, now coincidentally also schedule to begin in the second half of 2015. One wonders if those same people will be as skeptical about the Model X. Of course, it isn’t a completely fair comparison as with over 33,000 deliveries of the Model S to date, and the Tesla Roadster before that, Tesla has already proven that they can put at least one vehicle into production.  Still, Tesla’s announcement of the delayed Model X shows that contrary to what the Elio skeptics would have you believe, production delays are a part of the car biz.

Tesla Motors Q3 2014 Stockholder Letter

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UAW Sets Up Organizing Committee At Tesla Motors’ Fremont Assembly Plant http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/01/uaw-sets-up-organizing-committee-at-tesla-motors-fremont-assembly-plant/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/01/uaw-sets-up-organizing-committee-at-tesla-motors-fremont-assembly-plant/#comments Tue, 07 Jan 2014 16:27:23 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=693745 United Auto Workers president Bob King has said that the labor union is interested in organizing Tesla’s assembly plant in Fremont, California and that a group of workers at the site have set up an organizing committee for the UAW. That factory is where Tesla assembles the battery powered Model S. Tesla has prided itself […]

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Workers at Tesla's Fremont plant celebrate the 1,000th Model S body built, 2012.

Workers at Tesla’s Fremont plant celebrate the 1,000th Model S body built, 2012.

United Auto Workers president Bob King has said that the labor union is interested in organizing Tesla’s assembly plant in Fremont, California and that a group of workers at the site have set up an organizing committee for the UAW. That factory is where Tesla assembles the battery powered Model S. Tesla has prided itself in being different from Detroit and its headquarters’ location, the Silicon Valley, is not exactly a labor hotbed.

While under King the autoworkers’ union has been more collaborative than confrontational with automakers, should the UAW organize Tesla that would undoubtedly affect the corporate culture at the EV startup. “Elon [Musk]’s attitude was always, ‘We’re going to Silicon Valley-ize the car business,’ ” Karl Brauer, with Kelley Blue Book told the SFGate.com. “If he goes union, he’s going to take a huge step toward falling in line with the industry that he used to make fun of.”

It’s a testy subject. Despite King’s comments, when contacted by the San Francisco Chronicle, the UAW’s public relations director would not comment. Neither would Tesla, nor many of their employees. For Musk’s part he seems ambivalent. When Tesla purchased the Fremont facility from Toyota (which had formerly operated it with General Motors as the New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. (Nummi) plant) Musk said, “on the question of the union, we’re neutral.”  However, Tesla Motors’ last annual financial report listed possible union activity under business “risks”: “The mere fact that our labor force could be unionized may harm our reputation in the eyes of some investors and thereby negatively affect our stock price. Additionally, the unionization of our labor force could increase our employee costs and decrease our profitability, both of which could adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.”

In August, King told WardsAuto that Musk had repeated his neutral position at a meeting with union representatives, but that other Tesla executives were less open to the idea of an organized labor force. Musk, King said, was “very open and said he would respect what the workers wanted. But his operating management has done the opposite.”

Tesla’s Fremont plant is the only remaining car assembly plant on the West Coast. When it was called NUMMI, it employed 4,700 workers, most recently building Tacoma pickups and Corolla sedans. Current employment is estimated to be about 2,000, many of who are experienced autoworkers, having worked at the facility under prior management.

Employee reviews of Tesla posted online mention a fast pace and long hours. That’s typical of many Silicon Valley startups, which typically focus more on engineering than manufacturing. While work hours are a traditional wedge issue that labor unions use to rally workers onto their side, the frenetic pace in Silicon Valley is part of the culture there. “Engineering lends itself to a different style of self-starters, independent-minded people, survival of the fittest,” said Art Pulaski, head of the California Labor Federation labor union. “Manufacturing is different.”

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Elon Musk: Model X Will Be AWD Only and Priced “Slightly Higher” Than Model S http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/11/elon-musk-model-x-will-be-awd-only-and-priced-slightly-higher-than-model-s/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/11/elon-musk-model-x-will-be-awd-only-and-priced-slightly-higher-than-model-s/#comments Tue, 05 Nov 2013 12:00:52 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=641969 At the opening of his company’s London store, Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk had some comments about the company’s upcoming falcon-winged crossover, the Model X. He said that it will offered only in an all wheel drive configuration that features electric motors in both the front and back of the car, and that it’s starting […]

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Click here to view the embedded video.

At the opening of his company’s London store, Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk had some comments about the company’s upcoming falcon-winged crossover, the Model X. He said that it will offered only in an all wheel drive configuration that features electric motors in both the front and back of the car, and that it’s starting price will be slightly more than that of the Model S, which starts at $60,000.

The Model X’s price will be very similar to the Model S. It might be slightly higher, but… I can’t imagine that it will be… It’s probably going to be a slightly higher starting price because the Model X will only be offered as all-wheel drive. It will be dual motor, all-wheel drive.

[The relevant remarks start at ~24:00 of the video]

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Federal Regulators Will Not Investigate Tesla Model S Fire http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/10/federal-regulators-will-not-investigate-tesla-model-s-fire/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/10/federal-regulators-will-not-investigate-tesla-model-s-fire/#comments Fri, 25 Oct 2013 14:16:49 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=634297 In an e-mailed statement, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said that it has decided against launching a formal investigation into the Washington state fire early this month involving a Tesla Model S. The electric car ran over some metal debris that punctured the front battery pack, sparking the fire. NHTSA said that it found no […]

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In an e-mailed statement, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said that it has decided against launching a formal investigation into the Washington state fire early this month involving a Tesla Model S. The electric car ran over some metal debris that punctured the front battery pack, sparking the fire. NHTSA said that it found no evidence of violations of federal motor vehicle safety standard or that the fire resulted from a vehicle defect. While the agency did not conduct an on-scene investigation of the Oct. 1 fire due to the partial shutdown of the federal government during the congressional budget impasse, after consulting with Tesla, regulators decided that no investigation was needed. Just a few days ago, on Oct. 22,  NHTSA Administrator David Strickland said the agency was “gathering data” on the fire, which resulted in a complete writeoff of the Model S.

A Tesla spokesperson said that the carmaker had no immediate response to NHTSA’s decision. In an October 5th blog post, CEO Elon Musk insisted that the Model S was safe, saying that the fire resulted from an unusual crash that would have resulted in a fire in a gasoline car as well.

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Former Apple VP To Aid Vehicle Development At Tesla http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/10/former-apple-vp-to-aid-vehicle-development-at-tesla/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/10/former-apple-vp-to-aid-vehicle-development-at-tesla/#comments Fri, 25 Oct 2013 14:16:44 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=634481 It seems as of late that Tesla is becoming to cars what Apple already is to computing, smartphones, digital music players and tablets. Thus, it should be as no surprise that the automaker has brought aboard former Apple vice president of Mac hardware engineering Doug Field to help them develop “insanely great” new vehicles. “Doug […]

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tesla-model-sa_rIt seems as of late that Tesla is becoming to cars what Apple already is to computing, smartphones, digital music players and tablets. Thus, it should be as no surprise that the automaker has brought aboard former Apple vice president of Mac hardware engineering Doug Field to help them develop “insanely great” new vehicles.

“Doug has demonstrated the leadership and technical talent to develop and deliver outstanding products, including what are widely considered the best computers in the world,” said Tesla CEO Elon Musk in a press release. Musk went further to state that the future of the automaker is dependent upon engineering talents — such as the kind Field would bring to the table — that can help bring “the most innovative, technologically advanced vehicles in the world” to the masses, especially the kind that will be sold for $35,000 at the nearest Tesla boutique in the near future.

Field’s latest foray in the tech world marks a return to the automotive industry: His career began with Ford as an engineer, then a turn as CTO for Segway before segueing to One Infinite Loop in 2008. From there, Field led development on the MacBook Air and Pro, and the iMac.

“Until Tesla came along, I had never seriously considered leaving Apple,” said Field in the same press release. “I started my career with the goal of creating incredible cars, but ultimately left the auto industry in search of fast-paced, exciting engineering challenges elsewhere. As the first high tech auto company in modern history, Tesla is at last an opportunity for me and many others to pursue the dream of building the best cars in the world-while being part of one of the most innovative companies in Silicon Valley.”

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Pre-Production Review: 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/08/pre-production-review-2013-toyota-rav4-ev/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/08/pre-production-review-2013-toyota-rav4-ev/#comments Fri, 03 Aug 2012 15:04:05 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=455124   With California’s Zero Emissions Vehicle mandate looming it is only a matter of time till we see an EV from each of the major players in the California market. Nissan has the Leaf, BMW has the Active E, GM has the Volt and Honda electrified a Fit and Ford has electrified everything that isn’t […]

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With California’s Zero Emissions Vehicle mandate looming it is only a matter of time till we see an EV from each of the major players in the California market. Nissan has the Leaf, BMW has the Active E, GM has the Volt and Honda electrified a Fit and Ford has electrified everything that isn’t nailed down. That brings us to the elephant in the room: Toyota. To give us some insight into Toyota’s CARB (California Air Resources Board) compliance plans and to see the fruits of the unlikely Toyota/Tesla marriage, Toyota flew us to sunny Southern California to sample the 2013 RAV4 EV.

Click here to view the embedded video.

Toyota tells us the RAV4 was selected for the same reason they electrified the old RAV4 back in 1997, the platform was able to handle the weight of the drivetrain without much modification. Essentially what we have on the outside of the RAV4EV then is the body of a RAV4 V6 with different bumper covers, headlamps and a new rear spoiler. The overall look is simple, clean and perfectly normal compared to the Nissan LEAF’s bubbly sheetmetal. During our time with the RAV4 EV no heads turned, nobody pointed and smiled. This truly is the sleeper EV.

The changes made to the RAV4 for EV duty are all “additive” meaning it runs on the same production line as the V6 and simply has additional things bolted on like extra reinforcements, mounting bars for the EV drivetrain, etc. These minimal changes seem logical when you consider that Toyota is hedging their bet in the EV game by working with Tesla to get the RAV4 EV to market in around 20 months while at the same time developing the iQ EV completely in-house.

Interior

The inside of the RAV4 EV is pure mid-market CUV, right from the hard plastic dash to the chunky leather steering wheel and the well placed Big-Gulp holders. To make EV owners feel special, Toyota changed the seating surfaces to SofTex (a faux-leather) with a honeycomb weave fabric insert, borrowed the Prius’ electronic shifter, extended the size of the seat heating zones and installed an all-new gauge cluster and infotainment system. Because the batteries are located completely under the RAV4 EV, the seating positions are unchanged and the rear seats retain their reclining feature as well as their fold-flat ability. With the seats duly folded cargo room grows from a standard 37 cubes to an impressive 73 cubes. Should that not be enough storage for you, the under-floor cargo “cubbies” haven’t been converted to batteries. As you would expect, Toyota ditched the power driver’s seat due to weight considerations so be sure you’re happy with the seat height before you buy.

Toyota chose the RAV4 EV as a sort of production “test bed” for technologies that will eventually trickle down to other products if they aren’t vilified by the press if the public takes to them. The first change is a new climate control interface that ditches the majority of the physical buttons for a (nearly) seamless touch sensitive panel. I’m not sure if I like the lack of haptic feedback on these systems, but Toyota tempers this with a snazzy high-res LCD for climate information.

Infotainment

Toyota seems to be in a “button minimalism” binge lately and nowhere is that more obvious than on the new 8-inch Entune radio in the photo above. Want to guess how you adjust the volume or change tracks? We needed Toyota engineer to show us as well. Thankfully the intuitive steering wheel controls remain unchanged.

The new 8-inch system is very responsive and builds on Toyota’s last generation of Entune products. In addition to the larger screen, the graphics and touch screen have been improved, allowing you to drag the map and volume slider and not “clicking” it. In terms of size, the 8-inch screen puts Toyota just behind Chrysler’s 8.4 inch UConnect system. In terms of functionality, this generation Entune system comes a close second to Ford’s MyFordTouch system now that Toyota has integrated voice command of your USB/iDevice music player.

Drivetrain

Under the hood of the RAV4 EV you will find the reason we hopped on a 45 minute flight: the motor from a Tesla Model S. Say what? Yep, the development timeline on the RAV4 EV was able to be so short partly because Toyota worked on the car in parallel with Tesla working on the drivetrain, but also because the RAV4 is using “off the shelf” Tesla parts under the hood.  Wait! The Model S produces 362HP and 325 lb-ft and the RAV4EV is rated for 154HP and 273 lb-ft. What gives? The simple answer is of course: would you want 362HP in a FWD SUV? No, I didn’t think so.

The more complex answer is that while the motor could put out more power, the battery pack and DC/DC converter in the RAV4 isn’t designed to provide that kind of sustained output. In addition to the motor sharing, the RAV4’s charger and DC conversion circuitry are essentially the same unit as the Model S but adapted to the RAV4. Likewise the single speed transmission is very similar but the gearset was redesigned for a front mounted, FWD arrangement. As it is, the system has to keep the torque controlled when starting, so you don’t peel out every time, to that end torque is normally restricted to 218  lb-ft unless you select the Sport mode that allows access to all 273 (and raised the top speed limiter to 100MPH.)

Part of the reason the RAV4 was selected was the popularity of CUVs, the other reason was the ground clearance and chassis design of the RAV4 made fitting the 41.8kWh battery pack (slightly larger than the base Model S) a “bolt-on” affair. While the pack is not the same one used in a Tesla model, as with the other systems the D-cell sized batteries that make up the pack are produced by Panasonic.

Drive

Out on the road, the RAV4 EV drives like a quiet RAV4 V6 with a CVT, thanks to the constantly available torque. Don’t let the horsepower deficit deceive you, 0-60 happens in 6.8 seconds in Sport mode and about a second longer in the torque-reducing normal mode. This is essentially the same as the 269HP RAV4 V6, and quite fast for an EV of any description.

With this kind of forward thrust, FWD and low rolling resistance rubber, torque steer is present, fairly well controlled and strangely entertaining. Front-drive hoons will weep, sadly Toyota seems to have done an excellent job with the traction control system limiting one-wheel-peel to full-throttle turns only.

The big news for the RAV4 EV is: there’s not much to say. While most EVs drive like underpowered vehicles with strangely little off-the-line thrust, plenty of motor whine, grabby regenerative braking and peculiar throttle mapping, the RAV4 EV just drives like a fairly powerful mid-market CUV.

Charging

Like all EVs, charging is the biggest limiting factor for most owners rather than absolute range. Depending on how you drive the RAV4 and whether you are using the heater or the A/C, you can expect between 65 and 120 miles out of your electric crossover before you have to plug it in. With a 41.8kWh battey and a 10kW charger on board, charging your EV is more complicated than with the Nissan LEAF. Why’s that? Let’s dig in.

When the Nissan LEAF and Chevrolet Volt came on the scene two years ago there was a veritable renaissance in the public EV charging network. Prior to these two volume players (and prior to the J1772 standard) EV charging stations were few, far-between and an odd mishmash of 120V plugs, Avcon connectors and various incompatible inductive paddles.

Two years later and California has been united with one plug to rule them all, except that the majority of these charging stations seem to be designed to support a maximum charge rate of 6.6kWh with a fairly large share of 3.3kWh chargers. As a result, plugging your RAV4 EV’s 9.6kW charger into one of these stations would result in charging times that are much longer than the quoted 5-6 hours. Toyota tells us charging time brakes down like this: a full charge at 9.6kW takes 5-6 hours from empty, 7.2kW 8 hours, 6.6kW 9 hours, 3.8kW 15 hrs and should you only have your 120V “emergency cord” handy, the 1.4kW charge will take 52 hours. Ouch.

Like most EVs, don’t even think about buying a RAV4 EV unless you’re also buying a home charging station to plug it in. Toyota’s partner Leviton will sell and install one for $1,500 (not including permits), but you might want to explore that further before you buy an EV, especially if you live in an older home. Be sure to also check with your utility company to see if you qualify for lower “EV rates” or you may see your electric bill rise much higher than you’d think due to those pesky “baseline” charges in California.

If you’re thinking about upgrading from your LEAF to a RAV4 EV, just remember that in addition to your home charging likely being undersized and needing to be replaced, Toyota decided not to support the CHAdeMO DC fast charging standard. Two years ago when the RAV4 started development there was no national standard and there were no CHAdeMO stations in the country so the engineers decided to skip DC charge support until there was a standard. Since there are now (finally) several stations in the Bay Area and a number sprouting up in Southern California, SAE standards aside, it would seem the DC charging standard has been decided but this generation of RAV4 decided to skip the party. Charge convenience aside, you should know that DC quick charging is hard on a battery so if you want your RAV4 to last, then this isn’t really an issue.

Price

If you are between 45 and 65, married, a two car family and have plenty of expendable income, then this RAV’s for you. If you’re outside this demographic, the $49,800 MSRP will cause some serious sticker shock. Since the RAV4 EV comes only one way (fully loaded) and there are only 2,600 going to be built over three years, you’re not only paying for the extremely expensive drivetrain, but for the scarcity of the vehicle. While Toyota would not comment officially or unofficially on the cost of the drivetrain, I detected a “spot on” glance from one of our minders when I surmised that the EV components, excluding R&D costs was somewhere uncomfortably close to the entire $49,800 sticker price of the RAV4 EV. If you choose to think you’re getting a deal, good for you. For the rest of you: lease the EV so you don’t have to worry about little things like battery degradation. Yes there is a California rebate of $2,500 available and a $7,500 tax credit, but depending on your tax situation the IRS may not give you much back. One possible justification for spending about $25,000 more on the EV than the four-cylinder RAV4 is California’s “permanent” carpool access stickers. On my daily commute using the carpool lane solo saved me 30 minutes a day. How much is that worth to you? Your answer needs to be: more than $25,000.

Who is it for?

Excellent question dear reader. As we said, Toyota is targeting a married, affluent demographic in California. To me, this makes some sort of sense. There is just one problem, it seems to me that Toyota and Tesla are fishing in the same, very small, pond with the Model S at $57,400 and the RAV4 EV at $49,800. Either way, if you want some Tesla love on the cheap, the RAV4 EV is the cheaper option.

Why should I care? I’m not buying an EV.

Toyota is using the RAV4 EV as publicly available test vehicle in some ways. How well does this relationship with Tesla go? How does Tesla handle the supply, assembly and warranty side of the RAV4 EV? How do people like the new Entune system? What do real-world EV owners think of the product? All these questions are why the RAV4 EV exists. BUT, CARB’s ZEV mandate is the reason Toyota is willing to lose plenty of cash to answer them. The RAV4 is a large step in the right direction for the EV niche as it is a perfectly practical, perfectly normal feeling CUV. While 99.9% of readers will never end up with one, you’ll likely benefit from what is learned in this process.

Toyota flew me to Newport Beach, fed me a snazzy dinner and a meat-free continental breakfast for this review. Not a fan of our Facebook page? Too bad, if you liked us on FaceBook you’d know what we have on the front burner. Get on, get social and tell us what you want to see. Subscribe to our YouTube channel while you’re at it.

 

2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, front grille, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, headlamps, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, coolant reservoirs, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, under the hood, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, EV motor, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, EV drivetrain, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, door switches, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, switches, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, gauges, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, gauges sport mode, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, gauges, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, gauges, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Entune infotainment, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, buttons, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, shifter, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, dash drivers side, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, dash, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, center console, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, dashboard, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, driver's side, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, steering wheel, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, seats , Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior,  rear seats , Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, cargo area rear seats folded, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior,  rear seats , Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, cargo area rear seats folded, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, charging cable, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, cargo area, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, cargo area, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Charging connector, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Interior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, Exterior, Photography Courtesy of Alex L. Dykes 2013 Toyota RAV4 EV, EnTune Infotainment System, Photography courtesy of Alex L. Dykes Zemanta Related Posts Thumbnail

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