The Truth About Cars » R&D http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. Wed, 22 Oct 2014 22:13:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.0 The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. The Truth About Cars no The Truth About Cars editors@ttac.com editors@ttac.com (The Truth About Cars) 2006-2009 The Truth About Cars The Truth About Cars is dedicated to providing candid, unbiased automobile reviews and the latest in auto industry news. The Truth About Cars » R&D http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/wp-content/themes/ttac-theme/images/logo.gif http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com Mercedes Turns Former Naval Base Into Autonomous Testing Ground http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/mercedes-turns-former-naval-base-autonomous-testing-ground/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/mercedes-turns-former-naval-base-autonomous-testing-ground/#comments Mon, 20 Oct 2014 13:00:56 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=933802 With the highway mostly conquered, autonomous vehicles now must navigate the cities through which they would otherwise pass by, a challenge unto itself with few proving grounds available for research. Mercedes-Benz, however, happened upon a solution not too far from its R&D base in Sunnyvale, Calif. Automotive News reports the automaker is testing its autonomous […]

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Mercedes-Benz-S-500-Intelligent-Drive-000

With the highway mostly conquered, autonomous vehicles now must navigate the cities through which they would otherwise pass by, a challenge unto itself with few proving grounds available for research.

Mercedes-Benz, however, happened upon a solution not too far from its R&D base in Sunnyvale, Calif.

Automotive News reports the automaker is testing its autonomous vehicles at the Concord Naval Weapons Station, a military base decommissioned in 2005 that may be redeveloped in the future.

Until then, Concord will be used as a “starter city” for autonomous city driving and navigation research and development. The strategy allows Mercedes “to run simulation tests with self-driving vehicles in a secure way, including specific hazardous situations,” per the brand’s head of autonomous driving, Axel Gern.

As for why Concord and similar spaces, such as the NASA facility Google uses to test its commuter pod, are in play over actual cities, Gartner analyst Thilo Koslowski says “existing proving grounds are not challenging enough,” while real-life testing is “too challenging at this point.” Further, both spaces are owned by the federal government, bestowing researchers the opportunity to test their theories without the California legislature dictating otherwise.

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Singapore Researchers Invent New Anode For Faster Battery Charging, Increased Longevity http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/singapore-researchers-invent-new-anode-faster-battery-charging-increased-longevity/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/singapore-researchers-invent-new-anode-faster-battery-charging-increased-longevity/#comments Fri, 17 Oct 2014 11:00:30 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=932306 One of the main roadblocks to wide adoption of EVs is how quickly the battery can be fully charged. While Tesla’s Supercharger could put a Model S P85D back on the road in 30 minutes to an hour, a Dodge Charger Hellcat can pull up to and away from the pump in three minutes, barring […]

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NTU Assoc Prof Chen Xiaodong with research fellow Tang Yuxin and PhD student Deng Jiyang

One of the main roadblocks to wide adoption of EVs is how quickly the battery can be fully charged. While Tesla’s Supercharger could put a Model S P85D back on the road in 30 minutes to an hour, a Dodge Charger Hellcat can pull up to and away from the pump in three minutes, barring a run inside the 7-Eleven for a cup of coffee and a couple of donuts.

That roadblock may come down sooner than later, thanks to researchers at Singapore’s Nanyang Technology University.

The university recently unveiled a new battery that could be recharged to 70 percent capacity within two minutes, and boasts a lifespan of 20 years over the two to three years of life found in current lithium-ion batteries.

The secret? Replacing the graphite anode in those batteries with a nanogel composed of titanium oxide, a chemical commonly found in soil, sunscreen and food. Invented by Professor Chen Xiaodong at the university’s School of Materials Science and Engineering, the gel will be taken to the next level with a proof-of-concept grant to help fund a large-scale prototype.

Meanwhile, at least one company has already purchased a license to develop the titanium oxide battery for production down the road. Chen himself believes his invention will enter the marketplace within the next two years, knocking down more than just the long-charging barrier in so doing:

Electric cars will be able to increase their range dramatically, with just five minutes of charging, which is on par with the time needed to pump petrol for current cars.

Equally important, we can now drastically cut down the toxic waste generated by disposed batteries, since our batteries last ten times longer than the current generation of lithium-ion batteries.

Ease of manufacturing and lower replacement costs may further widespread adoption within the industry, in turn increasing adoption rates for whatever EVs come down the line in the future; the nanogel — a mixture of titanium oxide and sodium hydroxide — is stirred together at a given temperature for easier integration into current production systems.

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Projects In Germany, US Closer To Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Manufacturing http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/projects-germany-us-closer-low-cost-carbon-fiber-manufacturing/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/10/projects-germany-us-closer-low-cost-carbon-fiber-manufacturing/#comments Thu, 16 Oct 2014 10:00:42 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=931938 Though carbon fiber is being used more extensively in new vehicles, the high costs associated with building a vehicle out of the material have kept it to the likes of the Lexus LFA and BMW i Series. This could soon change, however. Bloomberg reports MAI Carbon Cluster Management GmbH, with financial backing from BMW, Audi, […]

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2014 BMW i8 04

Though carbon fiber is being used more extensively in new vehicles, the high costs associated with building a vehicle out of the material have kept it to the likes of the Lexus LFA and BMW i Series. This could soon change, however.

Bloomberg reports MAI Carbon Cluster Management GmbH, with financial backing from BMW, Audi, Airbus, Siemens and around 70 other manufacturers, have made progress on reducing the cost of carbon fiber, with the goal of slashing 90 percent of the total cost. Klaus Drechler, head of the €80 million ($102 million USD) project, as well as professor at the Technical University of Munich, explains:

We’ve certainly reached a halfway point on our cost-cutting target for suitable carbon-fiber parts. We’ll see a lot more carbon-fiber use in the next generation of cars. The key is to really drive automation [in production]. There are different scenarios about how carmakers can use carbon fiber — extensively like BMW, with a carbon-fiber chassis, or with smaller components.

Similar cost-reduction efforts are being carried out in the United States at the Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium in Oak Ridge, Tenn. The consortium, established in 2011, has partnered with Ford, Dow Chemical and other companies in developing lower-cost carbon fiber materials.

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BMW, Baidu Team Up For Automated Driving Trials In China http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/09/bmw-baidu-team-automated-driving-trials-china/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/09/bmw-baidu-team-automated-driving-trials-china/#comments Tue, 30 Sep 2014 13:00:32 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=921665 BMW has teamed up with the Google of China, Baidu, to begin work on automated driving trials in Beijing and Shanghai. According to Reuters, BMW says its group of research vehicles have already covered “thousands of kilometers” up and down the autobahns of Germany, and is now embarking “on a further research project which will […]

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BMW has teamed up with the Google of China, Baidu, to begin work on automated driving trials in Beijing and Shanghai.

According to Reuters, BMW says its group of research vehicles have already covered “thousands of kilometers” up and down the autobahns of Germany, and is now embarking “on a further research project which will pave the way for highly automated driving in China as well.”

The cars for the Chinese project expansion will be tackling the nation’s multi-level highways and other infrastructural challenges in Beijing and Shanghai, relying upon Baidu’s map and cloud services on-the-go to aid in a given vehicle’s navigation.

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Future Of Auto Industry Linked To Silicon Valley http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/09/future-auto-industry-linked-silicon-valley/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/09/future-auto-industry-linked-silicon-valley/#comments Wed, 24 Sep 2014 14:00:22 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=917650 As companies like Google, Tesla and Uber seek to reshape the auto industry in their own ways, more automakers and suppliers are beating a path toward Silicon Valley and the Center for Automotive Research Stanford to help adapt to the new reality. Ward’s Auto recently sat down with CARS director Sven Beiker, who once worked […]

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Silicon Valley around San Jose

As companies like Google, Tesla and Uber seek to reshape the auto industry in their own ways, more automakers and suppliers are beating a path toward Silicon Valley and the Center for Automotive Research Stanford to help adapt to the new reality.

Ward’s Auto recently sat down with CARS director Sven Beiker, who once worked for BMW as one of the first industry observers sent to report on developments in Silicon Valley’s growing tech culture. From there, he relocated to Detroit for a couple of years to participate in a hybrid project with General Motors and DaimlerChrysler before joining Stanford in 2008.

Regarding his work since then, Beiker states that unlike other automotive industry think tanks that receive funding from federal grants, CARS relies on private funding from more than two dozen sustaining supporters, including Ford, Toyota, Delphi and Panasonic. Further, the supporters develop potential technologies with the center, with access to the university’s Dynamic Design, Interactive Media and Stanford AI Lab to help develop their ideas.

Stanford itself also has been pushing development of automotive technology, such as autonomous vehicles — a long-term project dating back to the first U.S. Department of Defense-sponsored DARPA Challenge in 2005 — electric-vehicle charging and advance batteries, and future business models for the industry as a whole.

When asked if Silicon Valley’s cadre of venture capitalists wanted to invest in a new car company, Beiker stated they were more interested in the next Uber than the next Tesla, going so far as to claim the VCs likely don’t want their home to become a new automotive industry mecca. That may be easier said than hoped, as both automakers and suppliers establish a presence alongside the game-changers in the valley.

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Artificial Leaves Key To Lowering Hydrogen Fuel Production Costs http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/08/artificial-leaves-key-lowering-hydrogen-fuel-production-costs/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/08/artificial-leaves-key-lowering-hydrogen-fuel-production-costs/#comments Tue, 26 Aug 2014 12:00:18 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=899658 For all of the incentives thrown in front of the upcoming Toyota Mirai, the automaker believes fueling the FCV will remain an expensive proposition in the near-term. That is, unless new hydrogen production technologies do for fuel cells what petroleum technology did the for the ICE. CleanTechnica reports a full tank of hydrogen for the […]

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2015 Toyota Mirai

For all of the incentives thrown in front of the upcoming Toyota Mirai, the automaker believes fueling the FCV will remain an expensive proposition in the near-term. That is, unless new hydrogen production technologies do for fuel cells what petroleum technology did the for the ICE.

CleanTechnica reports a full tank of hydrogen for the Mirai would cost $50, according to Toyota North America senior vice president Bob Caster, who took his information from the U.S. Department of Energy. Caster added that the price could come down to as low as $30 per tank, a goal the DOE aims to deliver as soon as possible with an R&D investment of $20 million.

In the meantime, researchers in Japan, and at MIT and the Australian National University Research School of Biology are developing hydrogen processing techniques involving photosynthesis in so-called artificial leaves. MIT’s approach uses solar energy in a photoelectrochemical process to extract hydrogen, while the Australians swap iron with manganese in a naturally occurring protein named ferritin along with light-sensitive zinc chlorin to do the same. Japan, on the other hand, uses cyanobacteria.

All artificial-leaf projects are currently focused on providing cheap energy in developing countries, but do have the potential to scale to meet the needs of a burgeoning hydrogen industry.

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Report: Hydrogen Gaining Ground On Electricity Within Four Years http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/08/report-hydrogen-gaining-ground-electricity-within-four-years/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/08/report-hydrogen-gaining-ground-electricity-within-four-years/#comments Mon, 18 Aug 2014 11:00:41 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=893978 Though EVs currently hold the high ground in the zero-emission vehicle market, a new report claims those vehicles will be giving ground to hydrogen in the near future. According to The Detroit News, the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis says a number of factors are coming together to push hydrogen […]

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Though EVs currently hold the high ground in the zero-emission vehicle market, a new report claims those vehicles will be giving ground to hydrogen in the near future.

According to The Detroit News, the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis says a number of factors are coming together to push hydrogen to the forefront over electricity, including: investments in infrastructure; falling R&D costs for both vehicles and station equipment; and major automakers throwing their weight behind fuel cells. UC Davis professor and director of Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways Joan Ogden explains:

We seem to be tantalizingly close to the beginning of a hydrogen transition. The next three to four years will be critical for determining whether hydrogen vehicles are just a few years behind electric vehicles, rather than decades.

Other factors include natural gas-based hydrogen production, various consumer incentives from federal and local governments, and large investments in R&D. However, Ogden cautions that adoption of hydrogen as a viable source of transportation may take some time due to low confidence in the fuel at the present.

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Kato: EVs Need Nobel Prize-Quality Battery Technology http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/07/kato-evs-need-nobel-prize-quality-battery-technology/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/07/kato-evs-need-nobel-prize-quality-battery-technology/#comments Tue, 08 Jul 2014 12:00:17 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=861553 Toyota’s global R&D head Mitsuhisa Kato has little regard for the current crop of EVs, proclaiming the technology to make them viable in his eyes has yet to be invented. Automotive News reports that although his team will still do R&D work on EVs, Kato believes there are few customers seeking a vehicle with short […]

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Mitsuhisa Kato + Toyota FCV

Toyota’s global R&D head Mitsuhisa Kato has little regard for the current crop of EVs, proclaiming the technology to make them viable in his eyes has yet to be invented.

Automotive News reports that although his team will still do R&D work on EVs, Kato believes there are few customers seeking a vehicle with short cruising ranges:

The cruising distance is so short for EVs, and the charging time is so long. At the current level of technology, somebody needs to invent a Nobel Prize-winning type battery.

He added that while EVs could be brought to parity with ICE vehicles, doing so using current technology would establish “a vicious circle” over costs and charging times.

Toyota itself is moving away from EVs into hydrogen with the upcoming 2015 FCV; the outgoing RAV4 EV and eQ will be gone from the global lineup by the time the FCV arrives in January of next year.

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Hydrogen Digest: July 1, 2014 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/07/hydrogen-digest-july-1-2014/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/07/hydrogen-digest-july-1-2014/#comments Tue, 01 Jul 2014 12:00:20 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=856681 In today’s hydrogen digest: Toyota asks the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for a two-year exemption on its FCV; the automaker banks on subsidies to help the FCV leave the showrooms at home and abroad; and ammonia may be the secret to hydrogen’s success as a fuel. Bloomberg reports Toyota is asking the NHTSA for […]

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In today’s hydrogen digest: Toyota asks the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for a two-year exemption on its FCV; the automaker banks on subsidies to help the FCV leave the showrooms at home and abroad; and ammonia may be the secret to hydrogen’s success as a fuel.

Bloomberg reports Toyota is asking the NHTSA for a two-year exemption from FMVSS No. 305, which requires automakers to isolate high-voltage parts in electric cars in the event of a crash. The FCV doesn’t meet this rule in full because said isolation would render the vehicle inoperable, opting instead to use insulation on high-voltage cables and related components to protect first responders and occupants from potential electrical shocks in the event of a low-speed accident. Toyota claims the protections will be at least equal to those in compliance with the agency’s rule.

Meanwhile, Automotive News says the automaker is banking on subsidies at home and in markets such as the United States and Europe to help the FCV leave the showroom toward the path of success. The ¥7 million ($69,000 USD) will need a sizable credit to match its Lexus-esque pricing when it goes on sale in Japan next April; the highest subsidy is ¥850,000 (approximately $8,400). As for the U.S., where fueling infrastructure is woefully inadequate, Toyota may instead opt to lease the FCV, details of the plan still in discussion.

Finally, Autoblog Green reports ammonia may be the way toward the hydrogen future. The Science and Technologies Facilities Council in Swindon, England have discovered a process which cracks ammonia into nitrogen and hydrogen using sodium amide as the catalyst. The lower-cost process could be conducted on-board an FCV via an ammonia decomposition reactor no bigger than a 2-liter bottle of Coke, providing enough power for “a mid-range family car” while easily handling NOx-free tailpipe emissions. The STFC is now in the process of building a low-energy demonstration system to prove ammonia’s viability as a source of hydrogen fuel.

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Abe Administration Pushes Automakers, Nation Away From Kei Cars http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/06/abe-administration-pushes-automakers-nation-away-from-kei-cars/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/06/abe-administration-pushes-automakers-nation-away-from-kei-cars/#comments Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:09 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=841985 For ages, the kei car has been one of the darlings of the automotive world, owing to its tiny size and equally tiny engine (that also netted owners a smaller tax bill). Alas, Japan’s littlest cars may soon be put in a toy box destined for Goodwill as the nation’s government puts the pressure on […]

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Nissan Moco

For ages, the kei car has been one of the darlings of the automotive world, owing to its tiny size and equally tiny engine (that also netted owners a smaller tax bill). Alas, Japan’s littlest cars may soon be put in a toy box destined for Goodwill as the nation’s government puts the pressure on both automakers and owners to move toward supporting bigger offerings.

The New York Times reports the Japanese government introduced three tax increases on kei owners, including a 50 percent boost in the kei car tax meant to bring their tax burden close to larger vehicles. Officials claim the cars are becoming a drain on the Diet’s coffers both on the tax and free trade fronts, and as they cannot be exported to other markets — college campuses withstanding — the keis are a waste of profit and R&D for automakers.

The Abe administration may see push back from owners and automakers alike, however. Smaller automakers such as Suzuki and Daihatsu use the R&D from their kei offerings to better compete in other markets where similar offerings are sold, as well as adding more content to make their cars more attractive to their local market base. Owners, meanwhile, opt for keis because of the low ownership costs involved, and the greater mobility offered in areas where mass transit is few and far between.

The tax increase on the kei has affected both parties, with automakers losing sales and owners who may decide not to buy any vehicle altogether; sales are expected to drop from 2.23 million in 2013 to 1.7 million in 2015.

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Renault, LG Chem Sign MOU To Develop Long-Range Battery Technology http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/renault-lg-chem-sign-mou-to-develop-long-range-battery-technology/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/renault-lg-chem-sign-mou-to-develop-long-range-battery-technology/#comments Wed, 28 May 2014 11:00:52 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=833473 With most EVs getting around 100 miles on a single charge from their battery packs, such vehicles are more suited for the downtown core than a trip to the mountains. However, Renault and LG Chem are looking toward boosting range toward Tesla-like levels, together. Autoblog Green reports Renault’s CCO Thierry Bolloré and LG Chem’s battery […]

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Renault LG Signing Ceremony

With most EVs getting around 100 miles on a single charge from their battery packs, such vehicles are more suited for the downtown core than a trip to the mountains. However, Renault and LG Chem are looking toward boosting range toward Tesla-like levels, together.

Autoblog Green reports Renault’s CCO Thierry Bolloré and LG Chem’s battery chief Kwon Young-soo signed a memorandum of understanding to develop battery range technology through the use of the latter company’s high-energy-density batteries. LG makes the batteries for EVs and PHEVs, including the Chevrolet Volt, and will supply packs to 20 automakers in 2015, double the business it does currently.

Meanwhile, Renault may use the results of its joint-venture with LG Chem to improve the range — and therefore, potential sales — of its Twingo and other Z.E. EVs. The Twingo was recently shelved in part to less-than-expected demand for the city car, with no word on when the EV will go back on sale.

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MG Motor Considering Roadster, US Market In Long-Term Plans http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/mg-motor-considering-roadster-us-market-in-long-term-plans/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/mg-motor-considering-roadster-us-market-in-long-term-plans/#comments Tue, 27 May 2014 13:00:51 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=832922 The last time MG sold roadsters in the United States, Jimmy Carter was President, ABSCAM (minus the efforts of Jennifer Lawrence, Christian Bale and Bradley Cooper) entered its final phase, and CNN had newsreaders instead of “news VJs.” Should the Sino-British brand be able to assemble a roadster worthy of those 1960s and 1970s classics, […]

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MG Icon

The last time MG sold roadsters in the United States, Jimmy Carter was President, ABSCAM (minus the efforts of Jennifer Lawrence, Christian Bale and Bradley Cooper) entered its final phase, and CNN had newsreaders instead of “news VJs.” Should the Sino-British brand be able to assemble a roadster worthy of those 1960s and 1970s classics, however, a new MGB might board a container ship bound for the U.S. in the future.

Edmunds reports exploratory design work for a sports car under the MG name has been placed on the 2014 schedule book in SAIC’s Shanghai design studio, with one of the possibly proposals being a roadster such as those in the brand’s history, as well as the spiritual successor found in the Mazda MX-5 Miata. The starting point for whatever is drawn up is the 2012 MG Icon concept.

In the meantime, MG Motor is looking to design and produce a wider mainstream collection, with design and engineering split between Shanghai and Birmingham, England. Eventually, this could lead to a return to the U.S. market, which is considered a long-term goal for the brand and its owner.

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Google’s Autonmous Vehicle Project Readies For Next Step http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/googles-autonmous-vehicle-project-readies-for-next-step/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/googles-autonmous-vehicle-project-readies-for-next-step/#comments Tue, 20 May 2014 13:00:28 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=826690 Google’s autonomous vehicle research has come far over the five years since the Silicon Valley giant started down the road. Though more is yet be accomplished before the future comes, Google is ready to move forward with the next phase of its research work: jumping from test units into the real world. Automotive News reports […]

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Google self-driving car

Google’s autonomous vehicle research has come far over the five years since the Silicon Valley giant started down the road. Though more is yet be accomplished before the future comes, Google is ready to move forward with the next phase of its research work: jumping from test units into the real world.

Automotive News reports in a rare media presentation held last week, Google’s autonomous vehicle boss Christopher Urmson stated his company talks to automakers often about how best to bring what Google has to offer to the public:

It has to be at a price point where the value to the customer exceeds the cost to the customer. We’re working on that.

Urmson added that such technology would not come to market until it was ready with all safety issues have been worked out to the best of Google’s ability, proclaiming the driver needs to be able to trust the technology before letting the vehicle take the wheel.

Said autonomous technology has been developed through the use of GPS and 3D mapping systems linked to a roof-mounted laser that scans the environment around the vehicle. So far, 2,000 miles of road — within reach of Google’s headquarters in Mountain View, Calif. — have been mapped out and traversed, but with over 4 million miles of road in the United States, the search engine giant has more work to go before the autonomous Nexus Auto is ready for primetime, which Urmson expects will come by the time his son turns 16 in 2020.

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Japanese Automakers Form Alliance To Develop Next-Gen Fuel-Efficient Engines http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/japanese-automakers-form-alliance-to-develop-next-gen-fuel-efficient-engines/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/japanese-automakers-form-alliance-to-develop-next-gen-fuel-efficient-engines/#comments Tue, 20 May 2014 12:00:38 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=826666 Japan’s cadre of automakers have formed an alliance to research and develop a new generation of diesel and gasoline internal combustion engines, with the goal of delivering a 30 percent improvement in fuel efficiency by 2020. Automotive News reports the Research Association of Automotive Internal Combustion Engines (AICE) will provide half of the 1 billion […]

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AICE

Japan’s cadre of automakers have formed an alliance to research and develop a new generation of diesel and gasoline internal combustion engines, with the goal of delivering a 30 percent improvement in fuel efficiency by 2020.

Automotive News reports the Research Association of Automotive Internal Combustion Engines (AICE) will provide half of the 1 billion yen ($9.9 million) budget for the research and development of the new engines, with the Japanese government contributing the rest. The group structure follows similar paths outlined by their European competitors, where automakers cooperate with academia and government to bring new and improved technologies to market while cutting costs in R&D.

AICE has outlined a 10-year plan for improving efficiency in the combustion engine, targeting a thermal efficiency rate of 50 percent for both gasoline and diesel engines. Diesel R&D will focus on EGR and particulate filtration systems, while R&D for gasoline aims for more complete combustion cycles and improved ignition with knock reduction.

Honda R&D managing officer Keiji Ohtsu will be the first president of the new R&D body.

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Europe’s Role In Honda’s R&D Gains Greater Influence http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/02/europes-role-in-hondas-rd-gains-greater-influence/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/02/europes-role-in-hondas-rd-gains-greater-influence/#comments Wed, 05 Feb 2014 17:15:59 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=734169 With the debut of the European developed and British-built Honda Civic Tourer in the middle of this month, a new era of greater influence from the contintent over the automaker’s R&D unit has begun. Adrian Killham, the tourer’s project leader at Honda’s R&D facility in Swindon — the first non-Japanese engineer to hold the title […]

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With the debut of the European developed and British-built Honda Civic Tourer in the middle of this month, a new era of greater influence from the contintent over the automaker’s R&D unit has begun.

Adrian Killham, the tourer’s project leader at Honda’s R&D facility in Swindon — the first non-Japanese engineer to hold the title — believes developing cars for Europe in Europe is crucial for success in the continent, from driving dynamics to luggage space, and even the type of carpeting now used throughout the automaker’s global lineup.

The European influence will also come into play when the new Civic is introduced in 2017. In the meantime, Honda aims to raise the profile of the Civic Tourer by entering it into the 2014 British Touring Car Championship season, the first estate to trade paint with the likes of BMW and Kia since Volvo’s turbocharged 850 R in the 1990s.

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Audi Powers-up Chinese R&D http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/02/audi-powers-up-chinese-rd/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2013/02/audi-powers-up-chinese-rd/#comments Fri, 01 Feb 2013 11:02:01 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=476022 Audi follows a trend set by other OEMs, notably GM, and opens an R&D Center in China. Located in Beijing’s fashionable 751 D-Park , the center will be busy doing product customization for the Asian market, especially when it comes to electronics and connectivity, along with components for new-energy vehicles and efficient powertrains. Located at […]

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Audi follows a trend set by other OEMs, notably GM, and opens an R&D Center in China. Located in Beijing’s fashionable 751 D-Park , the center will be busy doing product customization for the Asian market, especially when it comes to electronics and connectivity, along with components for new-energy vehicles and efficient powertrains.

Located at the site of an old coal-fired power plant, built in the bad old days with the assistance of East Germany, the 751 D-Park has quickly made a name as China’s fashion and design hub. Audi’s R&D Center is right in the middle of the center. It also helps that the 751 D-Park is in the North-East of Beijing, halfway between downtown and airport, thereby helping to avoid the worst of Beijing’s traffic, as long as one takes a plane.

Approximately a third of Audi’s sales are in Asia, and most of those are in China. If you are somebody in China, you show that with an Audi, preferably an A6 long, and most preferably one with a white tag and a red star. Blinking lights in the front grille help you get back to the airport on time.

Ignoring stories that government officials must eschew foreign premium marques and drive Chinese, Audi increased its 2012 sales in China by 30 percent. TTAC readers, serviced by experienced writers, never had to believe the story anyway.  We wrote in February: “Just about every year, there was an announcement that the Chinese government will from now on only buy Chinese. It never happened.” And so it did not happen again.

Audi Sales 2012
2012 2011 YoY
World 1,455,100 1,302,659 11.7%
Europe 739,000 726,318 1.8%
USA 139,310 117,561 18.5%
Mexico 9,482 8,058 17.7%
Asia-Pacific 478,900 373,724 28.1%
China 405,838 313,036 29.6%
India 9,003 5,511 63.4%

In November, the New York Times sounded the all clear, and wrote that the black A6 still is “the automobile of choice for practically any party official or military officer with enough clout to secure one.”

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Volkswagen Spends Itself Through The Crisis http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/11/volkswagen-spends-itself-through-the-crisis/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/11/volkswagen-spends-itself-through-the-crisis/#comments Thu, 22 Nov 2012 15:05:22 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=467701 One of the reasons for Volkswagen’s current strength dates back four years. During the carmageddon of 2008 ff, multinational carmakers such as GM and Toyota drastically cut back investments into new cars and technologies. Volkswagen did not change R&D spending. Four years later, this translates into a host of new models, and revolutionary platform architectures […]

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One of the reasons for Volkswagen’s current strength dates back four years. During the carmageddon of 2008 ff, multinational carmakers such as GM and Toyota drastically cut back investments into new cars and technologies. Volkswagen did not change R&D spending. Four years later, this translates into a host of new models, and revolutionary platform architectures (MQB, MLB, MSB) that promise even more new models at lower cost.

Faced with the European edition of carmageddon, Volkswagen won’t lower spending either. Instead, it will increase investments into new cars and factories, Reuters says.

Tomorrow, Volkswagen’s supervisory board is expected to sign off on new spending targets for the 2013-17 period.

Reuters expects Volkswagen to increase spending by 12 percent to as much as 70 billion euros ($89.73 billion) for its twelve brands over the next five years, after the spending target was raised 20.9 percent to 62.4 billion euros for the 2011-15 period.

This could be another nail in the coffins of Peugeot and Fiat, which have slowed or shelved whole vehicle programs, engine technologies and platform revamps.

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General Motors To Invest In Oshawa R&D http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/07/general-motors-to-invest-in-oshawa-rd/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/07/general-motors-to-invest-in-oshawa-rd/#comments Tue, 24 Jul 2012 15:04:40 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=453990 The closing of the Oshawa Consolidated Line supposedly had GM in the bailout doghouse – the company was supposed to maintain a certain level of production in Canada according to the terms of their bailout package. As far as we know, GM hasn’t replenished that yet, but they are throwing the Canadian federal and Ontario […]

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The closing of the Oshawa Consolidated Line supposedly had GM in the bailout doghouse – the company was supposed to maintain a certain level of production in Canada according to the terms of their bailout package. As far as we know, GM hasn’t replenished that yet, but they are throwing the Canadian federal and Ontario governments a bone by investing an undisclosed nine-figure sum into R&D at Oshawa.

A report in The Globe and Mail explains the funding increase

“One of the promises GM Canada made to the two governments in 2009 was that it would spend about $1-billion on research and development projects between then and 2016…The projects to be initiated or expanded between now and 2016 are expected to focus on environmental technologies, electric vehicles, vehicle weight reduction and so-called intelligent transportation systems.”

Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Ontario Premier Dalton McGunity are expected to be in attendance, though the recent string of gun deaths in Toronto will likely dominate the media scrum. That means that nobody will ask GM how it plans on meeting other bailout conditions, like

“As part of its 2009 commitments, GM Canada also agreed that its Canadian plants would produce 16 per cent of the vehicles General Motors Co. assembled in North America between 2009 and 2016…a fuel-efficient transmission at its St. Catharines, Ont., operation and… assembly of five new vehicles in Oshawa or Ingersoll during the same period.”

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GM Eats Its Children: Cuts Research And Development http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/05/gm-eats-its-children-cuts-research-and-development/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2012/05/gm-eats-its-children-cuts-research-and-development/#comments Tue, 01 May 2012 18:34:04 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=442379 If you want to pretty-up the P&L of a car company, there are two quick fixes: You cut marketing expenses, or you cut R&D. A cut of R&D expenses won’t show up negatively for three to five years, when you suddenly lack new cars to sell. In the meantime, you look like a hero. General […]

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If you want to pretty-up the P&L of a car company, there are two quick fixes: You cut marketing expenses, or you cut R&D. A cut of R&D expenses won’t show up negatively for three to five years, when you suddenly lack new cars to sell. In the meantime, you look like a hero. General Motors plans to cut about a quarter of the workers at its R&D facility at the Warren Technical Center in suburban Detroit, Automotive News [sub] says.

According to the report, GM plans to lay off about one fourth of the roughly 400 R&D personnel at the Warren complex. 90 R&D workers at a GM research facility in India will also receive the pink slip, an Automotive News source said.

In a statement, GM confirmed a restructuring of its R&D department, but would not confirm the number of layoffs.

 

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Volkswagen Bets $86 Billion On Its Future http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2011/09/volkswagen-bets-86-billion-on-its-future/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2011/09/volkswagen-bets-86-billion-on-its-future/#comments Sat, 17 Sep 2011 14:55:54 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=411502 One of the reasons why Volkswagen is hitting on all cylinders (don’t be U.S. myopic – always measure a car company by global success) is that they did not stop investing in the wake of the 2008 crash. They did not have to: Sales in the U.S. were low, and where you don’t have a […]

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One of the reasons why Volkswagen is hitting on all cylinders (don’t be U.S. myopic – always measure a car company by global success) is that they did not stop investing in the wake of the 2008 crash. They did not have to: Sales in the U.S. were low, and where you don’t have a lot, you can’t lose a lot. At the same time, VW had the big luck of being a major player in China. While  U.S. and Japanese car companies stopped or severely dialed back their investments into R&D and capacities, Volkswagen kept on spending. This has a delayed effect of 3 to 5 years, and what we are seeing now is just the beginning of this effect. It is also the beginning of an even greater spending spree.

The Volkswagen Group will invest around €62.4 billion ($86 billion) in the coming five years. This investment plan has been approved in a Volkswagen Supervisory Board meeting yesterday.

Investments in property, plant and equipment will account for €49.8 billion ($68.7 billion). On top of this will come capitalized development costs of €11.6 billion ($16 billion). All in all, Volkswagen wants to invest around six percent of sales into the future. According to the press release, Volkswagen wants to safeguard that future “by building new production facilities, introducing new models and developing alternative drives, as well as with its modular toolkits.”

 

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Japanese Proverb: No Money, No Action. No Action, No Satisfaction http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2011/08/japanese-proverb-no-money-no-action-no-action-no-satisfaction/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2011/08/japanese-proverb-no-money-no-action-no-action-no-satisfaction/#comments Sun, 28 Aug 2011 15:08:49 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=409053 The chief reason for the recent decline of the fortunes of Japanese automakers was not, as posited by pop pundits, the recalls or the tsunami. It was something more insidious, something regularly overlooked by most outsiders and many insiders. It was a reduction in development spending – an eventually deadly bottom line therapy also popular […]

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The chief reason for the recent decline of the fortunes of Japanese automakers was not, as posited by pop pundits, the recalls or the tsunami. It was something more insidious, something regularly overlooked by most outsiders and many insiders. It was a reduction in development spending – an eventually deadly bottom line therapy also popular by cash-starved American peers. Japanese automakers have realized the error of their ways and have returned to funding the finding of that insanely great next generation car.

In the wake of the “Lehman syokku” or “Lehman shock” as they usually refer to the 2008 financial crisis in Japan, Japanese automakers drastically reduced R&D spending in an attempt to shore-up their bottom line. This is a tried & true tactic in the industry: if a disaster hits, cut R&D and advertising. The cashflow-positive effect of both is as immediate as snorting cocaine. The negative effect will not be felt until years later. In many cases, the problem is shifted to the next generation of managers who now have to sell tired technology to unenthused customers. The best medicine for car sales is new cars. Old cars are slow acting, but sure poison. A car takes 3 to 5 years to develop, medicine and poison become felt after long delays.

The epicenter of the “Lehman syokku” was America, and three years after, the American market is still wobbly. Car companies most exposed to the syokku – American and Japanese – put spending into crisis mode. European companies were far less affected and mostly maintained their spending level. This explains why Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW et al are riding high, and why the friskiest Japanese car company is Nissan with its ties to European Renault. Three years after the syokku, we are beginning to feel the effect in earnest, and it will stay with us for a while until it is digested.

Japanese companies are reaching for the antidote: Increased R&D spending.

“Seven automakers plan to spend 2.09 trillion yen, up 10 percent from fiscal 2010,” reports The Nikkei [sub]. Converted to today’s dollars, that’s $38 billion, a good chunk of money. Japanese markers are “racing to develop the next-generation of environmentally friendly vehicles as well as low-priced models for emerging nations.”

Nissan for instance is seen increasing its R&D spend by 15 percent to 460 billion yen ($5.8 billion). Honda plans to spend more than 500 billion yen ($ 6.5 billion),” aggressively developing budget cars for emerging countries.”

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Toyota Moves R&D To China http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/11/toyota-moves-rd-to-china/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/11/toyota-moves-rd-to-china/#comments Wed, 17 Nov 2010 09:09:34 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=373088 Establishing R&D centers in China by foreign automakers is a huge trend. Of course, the trend was led by GM, which already has an alphabet soup of tech centers (PATAC, CAERC, and CATC) in the Shanghai area. Now, Toyota follows with their own. Following prevailing fashion, it will be called TMEC. According to a communiqué […]

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Establishing R&D centers in China by foreign automakers is a huge trend. Of course, the trend was led by GM, which already has an alphabet soup of tech centers (PATAC, CAERC, and CATC) in the Shanghai area. Now, Toyota follows with their own. Following prevailing fashion, it will be called TMEC.

According to a communiqué from Toyota City, ToMoCo will establish the Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (China) Co., Ltd. (TMEC) in the Southeast Economic Development Zone in Changhus. Changhus is in the sprawling outskirts of Shanghai.

The R&D Center that sounds like an engine factory will be 100 percent owned by Toyota, but will share the fruits of its labor and laboratories with its joint venture partners.  TMEC will start partial operation in April 2011.

Toyota spokesman Paul Nolasco says that they will be busy pouring concrete for a while before concrete research will be conducted: “We’ll be building a test track, and assorted other facilities. It will probably be taking into 2013 before the center is in full swing.” Soon Shanghai, one of the world’s most populous cities, will also be the city with the most test tracks.

One of the main jobs of TMEC is the Chinesefication of Made-for-China Toyota product. The center “aims to tailor vehicles to the demands of Chinese consumers.”

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Carmageddon’s Real Victim: Auto R&D Down $12b in 2009 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/11/carmageddons-real-victim-auto-rd-down-12b-in-2009/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/11/carmageddons-real-victim-auto-rd-down-12b-in-2009/#comments Tue, 09 Nov 2010 19:49:52 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=372013 The car business has endured a lot of bad news over the last several years, as finance-fueled sales crashed with the credit market, and automakers around the world scrambled for government aid. The so-called “Carmageddon” has touched everyone even remotely involved with the automotive industry, not to mention everyone who pays taxes, but from a […]

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The car business has endured a lot of bad news over the last several years, as finance-fueled sales crashed with the credit market, and automakers around the world scrambled for government aid. The so-called “Carmageddon” has touched everyone even remotely involved with the automotive industry, not to mention everyone who pays taxes, but from a strictly  consumer perspective, it hasn’t been all bad. Certainly the deals have been good, as programs like Cash For Clunkers and the wind-down of several brands have helped savvy shoppers find some of the best deals in a long time. So here’s the reality check: according to Booz & Co.’s Global Innovation 1000 study, spending on research and development by the auto sector was down $12b last year. That’s $12b that should have been spent making your car faster, smarter, safer, cleaner, better that’s no longer being spent. Still feeling untouched?

And yes, this is a problem that’s unique to the auto industry. As one of the report’s authors tells Wards

If you look at the data, (auto makers) cut R&D to sustain their business models. As a percentage of their total revenue, it’s not just the largest dollar amount cut but also the largest percentage reduction of any industry we followed.

And he’s not kidding. In 2008, Toyota was the top R&D-spending company in the world. After a billion and a half dollars in cuts, they’re number four [memo to Toyota, update the file]. In fact, Volkswagen was the only major automaker to not reduce R&D spending last year, as most of the majors shed at least a billion dollars trying to keep their heads above water. It would be premature to predict the onset of 1970s-style automotive malaise based on one year of cuts alone, but unless all those missing billions were being wasted, their absence will be felt in new cars at some point.

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Toyota Vs Ralph Nader: Get A Hearing Aid http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/10/toyota-vs-ralph-nader-get-a-hearing-aid/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/10/toyota-vs-ralph-nader-get-a-hearing-aid/#comments Wed, 20 Oct 2010 09:44:06 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=369470 A few days ago I wrote about Ralph Nader asking Toyota to break down their somewhat suspect figure of “$1,000,000 every hour” on safety. Well, quite surprisingly, Toyota answered back. USA Today reports that Toyota issued “a statement” which addressed these issues (but didn’t mention Ralph Nader) and they still stand by their figures. “While the […]

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A few days ago I wrote about Ralph Nader asking Toyota to break down their somewhat suspect figure of “$1,000,000 every hour” on safety. Well, quite surprisingly, Toyota answered back.

USA Today reports that Toyota issued “a statement” which addressed these issues (but didn’t mention Ralph Nader) and they still stand by their figures. “While the yen and the dollar are constantly fluctuating, we believe that over the course of the year, Toyota’s R&D spending will average about one million U.S Dollars an hour…the amount set forth in our advertisements.” said the statement. Hang on a minute. Nader didn’t want to know your R&D budget. How much did you spend on safety? They won’t tell him.

Well, listen to the advert again: “That’s why we’re investing one million dollars every hour. To improve our technology, and your safety.” So, the figure was never exclusively for safety, which means anything can get lumped into that figure. Research on air conditioning units, more comfy seats, etc.

But hey, they said “our technology, and your safety.” It’s Nader’s problem if he’s hard of hearing.

The cited statement also mentioned a study by Booz & Co. that stated that Toyota spent more on R&D than any other company. It also mentions that next year, the figure being spent on “their technology and our safety” will come in at $8.4 billion. Just slightly lower than last year.

[ED: A press release is nowhere to be found. We called Toyota HQ in Japan, and they don’t have it either. They are digging for it. It could have been made over the phone. Once we have it, you’ll have it.]

[Ed2: We tracked down Mike Michels at Toyota USA. He confirmed that they did not issue a press release regarding Nader, because he did not issue any public statement. He provided a letter directly  to USA Today, so Toyota responded directly to USA Today. USA Today has the letter, and you have it now, too:]

Regarding recent questions about Research & Development investment, Toyota spent  725.3 billion yen, or approximately $8.9 billion, in fiscal year 2010 on technology and safety development.  This is outlined in Toyota Motor Corporation’s public financial reports, which can be found at this web site: http://www.toyota.co.jp/en/ir/library/annual/pdf/2010/p18_19.pdf.

In May 2010, Toyota Motor Corporation projected spending 760 billion yen on R&D during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2011.  The exchange rate used for those projections was 90 Japanese yen to the dollar.  As a result, Toyota is expecting to spend approximately $8.44 billion on R&D in the current fiscal year.  With the yen and dollar currencies constantly moving up and down against each other, we thus believe that, over the course of the year, Toyota’s R&D spending will average around one million U.S. dollars per hour – the number set forth in our ads.

Further, in a recent study, the consulting firm Booz & Company identified Toyota as spending more on Research and Development than any other corporation in 2009, the third straight year Toyota has held that distinction.  That study can be found here: http://www.booz.com/media/uploads/Innovation_1000-2009.pdf

In fact, the auto industry is typically a leader in R&D spending. According to that same Booz & Company study, the auto industry spends $86 billion per year on research and development, more than any other manufacturing industry.  According to the study, for 2009, three out of the world’s top 10 R&D companies were automakers.

In our effort to develop the cars and technologies of the future, Toyota’s Research & Development commitment has generated numerous advancements in the interrelated areas of vehicle safety, quality, durability and sustainability.

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GM Moves Advanced R&D To China http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/07/gm-moves-advanced-rd-to-china/ http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2010/07/gm-moves-advanced-rd-to-china/#comments Mon, 19 Jul 2010 13:50:00 +0000 http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/?p=361100 Today, GM broke ground for another R&D Center in China, called the GM China Advanced Technical Center. The new facility is in addition to existing R&D centers in China, including the Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC) in Shanghai and the China Automotive Energy Research Center (CAERC) in Beijing. The new facility is adjacent to […]

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Today, GM broke ground for another R&D Center in China, called the GM China Advanced Technical Center. The new facility is in addition to existing R&D centers in China, including the Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC) in Shanghai and the China Automotive Energy Research Center (CAERC) in Beijing.

The new facility is adjacent to the GM International Operations and GM China Headquarters in Shanghai. With 300 engineers in 62 test labs and nine research labs, it will develop advanced vehicle designs and technology solutions for GM on a domestic and global basis, said GM in a press release. The center will be part of GM’s global engineering and design network, and provide input to GM affiliates the world over.

The CATC will focus mostly on new propulsion systems, gasoline alternatives, electrification systems and new engines and battery cells.

Construction of the GM China Advanced Technical Center will be completed by the end of 2011.

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