There was a time, in summer of 2007, when a dollar bought more than 120 yen. Once you arrived in Tokyo, you quickly wished it would have bought more. Now, the dollar buys about a third less. The dollar/yen rate had been at a downward trajectory since that summer of 2007. What made the yen really expensive was a company called Lehman Brothers, and the fallout following their bankruptcy in 2008. For inexplicable reasons, the yen is seen as a safer currency than the greenback. Should you make the mistake of stepping off the plane with Euros in your pocket, you would be in for an even bigger shock. In July 2008, a Euro bought 170 yen. Now, it’s down to 109. For even more inexplicable reasons, some mentally unstable people still talk about an undervalued yen.
You may not travel to Tokyo frequently enough to give a hoot. But Japanese auto manufacturers don’t want to take it any more.
The chairman of the Japan Auto Manufacturers Association (JAMA) said today he hopes the Japanese government will lend a hand to reel-in the strengthening yen, reports The Nikkei [sub]. “If the yen’s strength continues, there will be a negative impact on Japan’s economy,” said Toshiyuki Shiga. “If there are any steps the government could take, then we would like to ask for such measures,” said the chairman, who is also COO of Nissan.
A strong yen makes exported cars more expensive (or less profitable,) and it diminishes overseas profits when they are consolidated into the books back home. About half of the vehicles produced in Japan are usually exported. Japanese automakers currently enjoy a rising domestic demand. But they are worried about a German-sized hangover once the government subsidies expire later this year.
Japan could use what Europe has: A soft currency. In the first six months of 2010, German car sales were down 29 percent. In the same period, the German auto industry produced 23 percent more cars than in the first half of 2009. Why? Strong exports, driven by a soft Euro. (Why doesn’t anybody complain about an undervalued Euro? I could use some Euro value. Help me out.)
In the “if there are any steps the government could take” department, there is only so much a government can do. The yen is freely traded. The Prime Rate in Japan stands at an all-time low of 1.45 percent. No room for play there.
There is another government in play: The Chinese. The Wall Street Journal reports that China “has significantly increased its purchases of Japanese government bonds in recent months.” This most likely intensified in the past week after China relaxed the Yuan/USD peg. That vilified peg had forced the Chinese to buy dollars to maintain the peg. With the peg relaxed (as requested umpteenth times by U.S. government figures and lawmakers) there is less reason for Chinese dollar buying. That money now can go to Tokyo, driving up the yen even more.
If the world market thinks a country with a deficit of 227 percent of GDP is a safer place to park your money at next to no interest, then this should give us pause to think.